American Sniper

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Chris Kyle Character Analysis

The protagonist, narrator, and author of American Sniper, Chris Kyle was the deadliest sniper in American history. Stationed in Iraq as a Navy SEAL for several years in the mid-2000s, Kyle shot over a hundred “insurgents,” winning medals and commendations for his actions. In the book, we learn about Kyle’s military service, his long, difficult relationship with his wife, Taya Kyle, and his struggle to overcome the traumas of combat and adjust to civilian life. Kyle’s life came to a tragic ending after the publication of American Sniper: a mentally disturbed veteran named Eddie Ray Routh shot and murdered Kyle, for reasons that remain unclear. For many, the greatest challenge of reading American Sniper will be deciding what to think of Chris Kyle. On one hand, Kyle was clearly a brave man who risked his life to defend his country and keep his family safe from harm. On the other hand, there’s a convincing case to be made that Kyle was a racist, a bully, and a sadist, who bragged about shooting Iraqi “savages,” and wished that he could have shot even more people than he did. Whatever one comes to think of Kyle, his life and career paints a vivid portrait of the War on Terror and the wounds, both physical and psychological, that soldiers endure after combat.

Chris Kyle Quotes in American Sniper

The American Sniper quotes below are all either spoken by Chris Kyle or refer to Chris Kyle. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The War on Terror Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the HarperCollins edition of American Sniper published in 2013.
Prologue Quotes

It was my duty to shoot, and I don’t regret it. The woman was already dead. I was just making sure she didn't take any Marines with her.
It was clear that not only did she want to kill them, but she didn't care about anybody else nearby who would have been blown up by the grenade or killed in the firefight. Children on the street, people in the houses, maybe her child. She was too blinded by evil to consider them. She just wanted Americans dead, no matter what.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Related Symbols: Guns
Page Number: 4
Explanation and Analysis:

In the opening section of American Sniper, Chris Kyle prepares to take his first shot as a sniper in Iraq. He sees a woman walking down the streets, toward a group of American soldiers—suddenly, he notices that the woman is carrying a brightly colored grenade. Kyle hesitates to shoot the woman; he’s naturally reluctantly to kill her. But with the encouragement of his commander, Kyle takes his shot, kills the woman, and saves the lives of his fellow soldiers.

The passage is important because it marks the first and last time in the book that Kyle shows any hesitation to kill an enemy. Kyle insists that he has no regrets for his actions—even though he doesn’t like killing a woman, he maintains that he did so for the greater good, protecting his friends.

The subtext of this passage—apparent in the way Kyle attacks the woman and accuses her of being utterly evil—is that snipers have to replace all sympathy with hatred in order to do their jobs. In other words, Kyle sincerely believes that the insurgents he shoots are utterly, irredeemably evil—they’re trying to kill Americans, and don’t care who else dies in the process. As a result, he feels no compunction about ending their lives.

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Chapter 2 Quotes

Getting through BUD/S and being a SEAL is more about mental toughness than anything else. Being stubborn and refusing to give in is the key to success. Somehow I'd stumbled onto the winning formula.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 32-33
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Two, Kyle describes his time in boot camp for the Navy SEALs, at the time a relatively obscure branch of the military. Kyle was subjected to a torturous regimen of exercise, assault drills, and psychological abuse. Over the course of his time in training, Kyle not only got in the best physical condition of his life; he also built up strong psychological defenses in response to his drill sergeants’ and peers’ bullying and verbal abuse. As he suggests here, the purpose of boot camp isn’t just to get in good shape; it’s to toughen up one’s mind and become a more determined person.

The passage is particularly important because it makes a distinction between physical and mental wounds. In many ways, the psychological wounds that Kyle endures during his time in Iraq are more harmful than any of his physical wounds. Kyle’s stubbornness and refusal to give in serve him exceptionally well in Iraq—he doesn’t hesitate to kill insurgents, and when his service is complete he even reenlists, so determined is he to fight “evil” in the Middle East. However, as we learn over the course of the book, not even Kyle’s stubbornness can protect him from guilt and stress.

"I would lay down my life for my country," he answered. "How is that self-centered? That’s the opposite."
He was so idealistic and romantic about things like patriotism and serving the country that I couldn't help but believe him.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Taya Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 49
Explanation and Analysis:

In this passage, Taya meets her future husband, Chris Kyle, for the first time. Chris immediately charms her, both because he’s handsome and athletic and because he’s unusually humble for a Navy SEAL. Taya thinks of most Navy SEALs as being exceptionally arrogant and hot-headed. Kyle, on the other hand, is calmer and humbler: he insists that he would sacrifice his life for his country, what he claims is the most selfless gesture imaginable.

Taya is one of the most important characters in the memoir, and in this passage, it’s easy to see why. Kyle sometimes comes across as excessively proud, hot-headed, and even cruel; however, through Taya’s eyes, readers come to see Kyle as a more complex figure. Kyle is aggressive and often unlikeable, but he seems to feel a sincere love for his country, and as a result of this love, he risks his life again and again, saving the lives of his friends in the process.

Chapter 4 Quotes

Fuck, I thought to myself, this is great. I fucking love this. It’s nerve-wracking and exciting and I fucking love it.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Related Symbols: Guns
Page Number: 88
Explanation and Analysis:

During Chris Kyle’s first tour of the Middle East, he accumulates a lot of experience firing a gun in combat. While many soldiers in the Middle East later reported being deeply traumatized by the experience of discharging a weapon in the line of duty, Kyle says just the opposite: he claims to love the feeling of firing a weapon, and the overall experience of being in battle.

It’s difficult to write about American Sniper, in part because it’s hard to decide whether to take Kyle at his word, or to assume that his swagger and machismo conceal trauma and stress. In other words, does Kyle really “fucking love” warfare, or does he just say so because he thinks it’s his duty as a SEAL to act tough at all times? On one hand, Kyle insists again and again that he enjoys the thrills of war; on the other, Taya reports that Kyle shows many signs of PTSD, including heavy drinking, screaming in his sleep, etc. So it’s not entirely clear how we should interpret passages like this one—and, by extension, it’s unclear how much sympathy we should feel for Kyle, or how much sympathy Kyle would want us to feel.

The people we were fighting in Iraq, after Saddam's army fled or was defeated, were fanatics. They hated us because we weren't Muslim. They wanted to kill us, even though we'd just booted out their dictator, because we practiced a different religion than they did.
Isn't religion supposed to teach tolerance?
People say you have to distance yourself from your enemy to kill him. If that's true, in Iraq, the insurgents made it really easy. My story earlier about what the mother did to her child by pulling the pin on the grenade was only one gruesome example.
The fanatics we fought valued nothing but their twisted interpretation of religion. And half the time they just claimed they valued their religion—most didn't even pray. Quite a number were drugged up so they could fight us.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Saddam Hussein
Page Number: 98
Explanation and Analysis:

This passage is one of the few points in American Sniper when Kyle discusses radical Islam—arguably, the threat to which America responded by beginning the War on Terror. In the first half of the passage, Kyle offers a scathing, and arguably very offensive, interpretation of Islam. He points to the radical Muslims who bombed the World Trade Center on 9/11, as well as the radical Muslim insurgents who attacked his friends in Iraq, and argues that they attacked Americans because “we weren’t Muslim.” The implication of this point would seem to be that Islam itself is a violent, intolerant religion.

But in the second half of this passage, Kyle seems to offer a slightly more nuanced interpretation of Islam: he suggests that the radical terrorists who threatened American lives may not have been pious Muslims at all. Indeed, many radical insurgents simply pretended to be Muslims, despite not praying, and using a significant amount of drugs (which the Koran forbids).

In all, it’s not entirely clear how Kyle feels about Islam—it’s not clear if he regards insurgents as representative of Islam in general, or if he believes that Islam is a fundamentally peaceful religion and terrorists are just twisting it to justify their own violent ends. However, there’s a convincing case to be made that Chris Kyle was a racist, Islamophobic man, and critics of Kyle often point to this passage as proof.

Chapter 5 Quotes

One time I woke up to him grabbing my arm with both of his hands. One hand was on the forearm and one just slightly above my elbow. He was sound asleep and appeared to be ready to snap my arm in half, I stayed as still as possible and kept repeating his name, getting louder each time so as not to startle him, but also to stop the impending damage to my arm. Finally, he woke and let go.
Slowly, we settled into some new habits, and adjusted.

Related Characters: Taya Kyle (speaker), Chris Kyle
Page Number: 106
Explanation and Analysis:

When Chris Kyle returns to the U.S. after his first deployment in Iraq, it’s immediately apparent to Taya that he’s changed. He’s moody and easily angered, and sometimes, when he sleeps, he inadvertently attacks Taya, here grabbing her arm and seemingly about to break it.

As the passage suggests, Kyle is suffering from trauma brought about by his stressful experiences in Iraq. It’s worth noting that Kyle himself never once admits to suffering from wartime trauma of any kind; however, passages like this one strongly imply that he did. Taya endures a tremendous amount of pain as a result of her husband’s psychological suffering—she loves her husband, but begins to fear that she doesn’t really know him, and that she’ll never be able to understand what he experienced in Iraq. However, the passage ends on a cautiously uplifting note: Taya and Chris attempt to adjust to their new life together, and Taya tries to use her love to take care of her husband.

Chapter 6 Quotes

I signed up to protect this country. I do not choose the wars. It happens that I love to fight. But I do not choose which battles I go to. Y'all send me to them. I had to wonder why these people weren't protesting at their congressional offices or in Washington. Protesting the people who were ordered to protect them—let's just say it put a bad taste in my mouth.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 134
Explanation and Analysis:

While he’s traveling to Iraq for his second deployment, Chris Kyle notices a group of people protesting America’s involvement in the war in Iraq. Kyle finds these protesters despicable, because the protesters choose to target their criticism at American troops, rather than American politicians and military planners. If anything, Kyle argues, protesters should be criticizing politicians and “higher ups,” not the people whose job is to protect civilians.

Kyle’s comments are interesting because they suggest that he has his own criticisms of the way the war in Iraq was waged (and throughout the rest of the book, we learn more about what his criticisms are). Kyle sees it as his duty to carry out orders without question, not to plan entire wars. Therefore, he carries out his orders in Iraq without question, while still reserving the right to criticize the overall war effort.

I didn’t go to a doctor. You go to a doctor and you get pulled out. I knew I could get by.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 170
Explanation and Analysis:

Kyle continues to suffer small injuries during his time as a Navy SEAL. However, he never once admits that he’s suffering from any kind of pain or injury; on the contrary, he always claims to be perfectly comfortable. In this passage, Kyle gives a very simple reason for doing so: he claims that if he were to go to a doctor, he’d run the risk of being shipped out of Iraq permanently.

It’s entirely possible that Kyle is right. However, it’s worth considering another reason he would refuse to see a doctor about an injury: the code of machismo. As Kyle goes through the Navy SEALs, he learns to accept and embrace pain, rather than complaining about it. In the eyes of the SEALs, complaining about pain—even very serious pain—is a feminine, pathetic quality. Thus, it’s possible that Kyle refuses to seek medical attention because of his own code of values, not just because the doctor would send him back to the U.S.

Chapter 7 Quotes

A half-second's more hesitation, and I would have been the one bleeding out on the floor. They turned out to be Chechens, Muslims apparently recruited for a holy war against the West. (We found their passports after searching the house.)

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 186
Explanation and Analysis:

Here Chris Kyle describes a violent encounter between a group of Chechens and the American military. Kyle and his fellow SEALs enter a house and see a group of blond, Caucasian men. Kyle deduces that these man must be Chechens—Caucasian Muslims, some of whom traveled to Iraq to fight a holy war against the American military. Kyle opens fire on the men, killing them immediately.

There are two disturbing things in this passage. First, although Kyle claims that had he hesitated a little, he would have died, he gives no additional indication that the Chechens were, in fact, armed. Second, Kyle notes parenthetically that he later found the Chechens’ passports in the house, confirming that they were, in fact, terrorists. This would suggest that Kyle and the SEALs had to strike preemptively—they had to kill a group of men who may or may not have been terrorists, and later determined that they were terrorists. Whether or not these Chechens were terrorists, the fact that Kyle and his fellow SEALs had to make such a tough, risky decision virtually guarantees that, at some point during his time in Iraq, Kyle accidentally killed an innocent person because he mistook them for a terrorist.

I shot the first beach ball. The four men began flailing for the other three balls.
Snap.
I shot beach ball number two.
It was kind of fun.
Hell—it was a lot of fun.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 203
Explanation and Analysis:

In this disturbing passage, Kyle describes one of his most sadistic actions. While stationed at a military base overlooking the Euphrates River, Kyle noticed a group of insurgents trying to swim across the river by holding onto beach balls. Recognizing that the insurgents couldn’t swim, Kyle proceeded to shoot each one of the beach balls, slowly allowing the insurgents to drown in the river.

It’s frightening that Kyle so jauntily insists that he enjoyed torturing and killing the insurgents. Many American soldiers who fought in the war in Iraq spoke of killing enemy insurgents as a solemn duty—a necessary deed, but hardly something to celebrate—but Kyle claims that he actually relished the act of killing, and of toying with his victims like this. Some have argued that Kyle’s ability to enjoy killing made him a better soldier, and even protected him from the gnawing sense of guilt that causes many soldiers to suffer from PTSD. Others have argued that Kyle was clearly a sadist and a bully.

I never once fought for the Iraqis. I could give a flying fuck about them.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 221
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Seven, Kyle explains that he and his fellow SEALs were sent to Iraq in part to install a democratic regime. However, Kyle fiercely denies that he respects the people of Iraq—his goal in the Middle East was to kill as many insurgents as possible and protect his fellow soldiers, not to benefit Iraq itself. Kyle later notes that he doubts democracy will ever flourish in Iraq.

The passage has been cited as an example of Kyle’s racism and Islamophobia. Frequently, Kyle refers to Iraqis as “savages”—while it sometimes seems that he’s referring strictly to murderous insurgents, it sometimes appears that he’s referring to the people of Iraq as a collective group. In this passage, Kyle acknowledges that he doesn’t care about Iraqis at all. Perhaps one of the reasons why Kyle claimed not to feel stress or guilt as a sniper is that he didn’t care about accidentally killing innocent Iraqis. It would seem he thought that Iraqi lives—even innocent Iraqi lives—weren’t worth protecting.

I had trouble holding my tongue. At one point, I told the Army colonel, "I don't shoot people with Korans—I'd like to, but I don't." I guess I was a little hot.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 227
Explanation and Analysis:

In this passage, Kyle narrowly avoids a court-martial. He stands accused of killing an innocent man. Kyle insists that the man he killed was a dangerous insurgent, carrying a weapon, but the man’s widow accuses Kyle of murdering an unarmed man, saying that her husband was just carrying a copy of the Koran. During a conversation with his military superiors, Kyle insists again that the man was armed—but more importantly, during this conversation Kyle betrays his true feelings about Muslims: he claims that he’d like to murder anyone carrying a Koran, a clear sign that he wants to kill civilian Iraqis.

Kyle’s defenders and apologists praise him as a hero who protected American lives in Iraq. However, comments like the one Kyle makes in this passage (and which he saw fit to print in his book) suggest that, heroic though he might have been, he was also a violent racist.

Chapter 8 Quotes

When he reenlisted anyway, I thought, Okay. Now I know. Being a SEAL is more important to him than being a father or a husband.

Related Characters: Taya Kyle (speaker), Chris Kyle
Page Number: 243
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Eight, Chris Kyle has returned from his duty in Iraq. However, he’s seriously considering reenlisting in the military—which potentially means that he’ll be in Iraq for years to come. Taya is understandably hurt that Kyle is considering abandoning her and their child again—she finds it difficult to believe that the man she loves would rather risk his life in the Middle East than be there for his family. When Kyle reenlists, Taya draws the obvious conclusion: her husband thinks that the SEALs are more important than his own family.

Taya concisely sums up one basic tension of American Sniper: the tension between family and country. Kyle is a brave, talented soldier, and he feels more comfortable on the battlefield than he does back in the U.S. After so many years of combat, Kyle finds it almost impossible to “be himself” in California; he defines himself as a soldier, meaning that when he’s back at home, he misses combat.

One thing that Taya misses in this passage is the possibility that Kyle is suffering from PTSD. Like many veterans of deadly wars, Kyle seems to suffer from a constant sense of stress and anxiety. Even though war has left him traumatized, he feels most comfortable when he’s back in the environment that caused him trauma in the first place—in other words, Iraq. (However, it’s unclear how greatly trauma influences Kyle’s decision to reenlist, since Kyle never discusses his own trauma, and Taya only mentions it at a couple points in the memoir.)

Chapter 9 Quotes

As I watched them coming from the post, I spotted an insurgent moving in behind them.
I fired once. The Marine patrol hit the dirt. So did the Iraqi, though he didn't get up.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 260
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Nine, Kyle has reenlisted in the military, and he’s back in Iraq, faithfully serving as a sniper once more. In this passage, Kyle pulls off a particularly daring shot: he hits an insurgent who is about to ambush two Marines with whom Kyle is working. Kyle’s quick thinking and excellent marksmanship save the lives of the Marines, and later on, several of the Marines thank him personally for saving them from danger.

The passage is an important reminder that, whatever one comes to think of Kyle (and there’s ample reason to think that he was a bully, a sadist, and a racist), Kyle’s actions in the Middle East saved the lives of many American soldiers. Kyle remains a controversial figure; some regard him as a hero, while others regard him as the worst America has to offer. Passages like this one provide an important illustration of why Kyle remains so controversial.

Chapter 10 Quotes

We would bump out five hundred yards, six or eight hundred yards, going deep into Injun territory to look and wait for the bad guys. We'd set up on overwatch ahead of one of his patrols. As soon as his people showed up, they'd draw all sorts of insurgents toward them. We'd take them down. The guys would turn and try and fire on us; we'd pick them off. We were protectors, bait, and slayers.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 304
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Ten, Kyle continues to serve in Ramadi, Iraq, alongside the other Navy SEALs. He leads a team of SEALs into one of the most dangerous parts of the region; there, he tries to draw insurgents out into the open, and then he and his fellow SEALs fire at them.

The passage is a good example of both Kyle’s bravery and of his often-offensive attitude toward other races. Kyle risks his life to fight insurgents and protect other Americans—in this passage, he effectively offers himself as a human target in order to provoke insurgents. However, it’s important to notice the detail that Kyle compares his actions to those of the cowboys who fought with Native Americans (or “Injuns,” as Kyle calls them) in the American West. It’s very telling that Kyle the Navy SEAL sees himself as a cowboy fighting Native Americans—after all, cowboys, despite being romanticized in American culture, were often murderous, even genocidal figures, who tried to wipe the Native Americans off the face of the Earth. It is sadly appropriate, then, that a 21st-century American racist compares himself to 19th century American racists.

If you loved them, I thought, you should have kept them away from the war. You should have kept them from joining the insurgency. You let them try and kill us—what did you think would happen to them?
It's cruel, maybe, but it's hard to sympathize with grief when it's over someone who just tried to kill you.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 312
Explanation and Analysis:

Chris Kyle kills many insurgents in Iraq, and in this passage, he witnesses the mother of one of his victims, crying and screaming. Kyle doesn’t feel the slightest sympathy for this woman; on the contrary, he blames her for doing a bad job of raising her child. Surely, Kyle thinks, this woman is at least partly responsible for her son’s terrorist activities.

The passage is notable for being 1) a particularly clear example of Kyle’s cruel, careless attitude toward all the people of Iraq, not just insurgents, and 2) the one moment in American Sniper in which Kyle himself acknowledges the cruelty of his worldview. It seems like a major leap for Kyle to place the blame for his victim’s actions on the mother, a woman he’s never met before (for all he knows this woman might have tried her hardest to raise her child right, or her son might have been wholly justified in hating America). Kyle’s thought process would seem to suggest that he sees all Iraqis as savage—either they’re insurgents, or their actions enable insurgents. Kyle’s explanation for his own cruelty is that it’s a natural reaction when “someone tries to kill you.” While there may be a lot of truth in such an explanation, there are many Iraqi veterans who have expressed their sympathy for the families of insurgents, and take a gentler view of Iraqi society.

Chapter 11 Quotes

I thought Ryan was dead. Actually, he was still alive, if just barely. The docs worked like hell to save him. Ryan would eventually be medevac'd out of Iraq. His wounds were severe—he’d never see again, not only out of the eye that had been hit but the other as well. It was a miracle that he lived. But at that moment at base, I was sure he was dead. I knew it in my stomach, in my heart, in every part of me. I'd put him in the spot where he got hit. It was my fault he'd been shot.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Ryan Job
Page Number: 322
Explanation and Analysis:

In this chapter, Chris Kyle makes an innocent mistake that results in the near-fatal injury of his good friend, Ryan Job. The SEALs are patrolling a street, and Kyle tells Job to walk to a certain position; seconds later, insurgents open fire and hit Job in the head. Job ends up surviving his injury, but he loses vision in both eyes. Kyle feels terrible for putting his friend in the line of fire, even accidentally. At the time, he believes that Ryan is going to die, and he can’t forgive himself for causing the death of a fellow SEAL.

The passage is significant because it makes one of the only occasions in the book when Kyle discusses the trauma of warfare. Kyle never admits to feeling trauma after shooting insurgents; however, his reaction to the injury of Ryan Job, a friend and fellow soldier, is nothing if not evidence of personal trauma. Notice that Ryan describes his pain and guilt in violent, physical terms—the guilt “hits” him in his stomach and heart. Kyle’s descriptions reflect the way that many veterans have described their own PTSD, suggesting that Kyle suffered from serious psychological trauma as a result of the violence he witnessed in Iraq.

We requested to be cleared hot to shoot anyone on a moped. The request was denied […] Meanwhile, the insurgents kept using mopeds and gathering intelligence. We watched them closely and destroyed every parked moped we came across in houses and yards, but that was the most we could do.
Maybe legal expected us to wave and smile for the cameras.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 337
Explanation and Analysis:

In this passage, Kyle has realized that many insurgents in Iraq are riding mopeds and throwing explosives down manholes. As a result, he asks for permission to shoot anyone riding on a moped, and is genuinely puzzled when his superiors deny his request.

It doesn’t seem to occur to Kyle—or perhaps it just doesn’t matter to him—that innocent civilians might ride mopeds, too. Kyle is so fiercely invested in killing insurgents that he is frustrated by any rule or regulation that might slow him down. Indeed, Kyle criticizes the entire Iraqi War on the grounds that the American military was too slow and bureaucratic—there were too many rules preventing Kyle from a “free reign.”

It’s hard not to think that Kyle is indifferent to the possibility of shooting an innocent Iraqi on a moped because he has no respect for Iraqi lives, insurgent or civilian.

Chapter 12 Quotes

"Where are you?" asked Taya when I finally got a hold of her.
"I got arrested."
“All right,” she snapped. "Whatever."
I can’t say I blamed her for being mad. It wasn’t the most responsible thing I've ever done. Coming when it did, it was just one more irritant in a time filled with them—our relationship was rapidly going downhill.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Taya Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 356
Explanation and Analysis:

In Chapter Twelve, Kyle is back in the United States between deployments. He attends the wake of a fellow SEAL, and drinks heavily. In general, Kyle’s drinking problems easily spiral out of control at this point in his life: when he drinks, he becomes belligerently violent, and picks fights at bars. One night, Kyle gets in a particularly bad fight and gets arrested (although, due to Kyle’s status as a Navy SEAL, the case gets thrown out). When Kyle tells Taya what happened, she’s furious—she feels that she barely knows her husband anymore.

It seems likely that Kyle’s relationship with Taya is deteriorating in large part because of the trauma he experienced in Iraq, and because he doesn’t feel comfortable talking about his feelings. Like many people who suffer from PTSD, Kyle deals with trauma by drinking and fighting, further alienating himself from his wife and loved ones. Kyle and Taya eventually go to marital counseling to confront some of their problems as a couple.

He got up in front of the room and started telling us that we were doing things all wrong. He told us we should be winning their hearts and minds instead of killing them […] I was sitting there getting furious. So was the entire team, though they all kept their mouths shut. He finally asked for comments.
My hand shot up.
I made a few disparaging remarks about what I thought we might do to the country, then I got serious. "They only started coming to the peace table after we killed enough of the savages out there," I told him. "That was the key."

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Dick Couch
Page Number: 361
Explanation and Analysis:

In this scene, Kyle has an uncomfortable encounter with a veteran and journalist named Dick Couch. Couch is one of the many critics of the war in Iraq who argues that the U.S. military needs to rethink its entire policy in the Middle East. Couch argues that the military has favored an overly aggressive, “shock and awe” style of warfare, when it should be trying to win the “hearts and minds” of average, moderate Iraqis. Couch’s point is simple: the best way to fight insurgency is to prevent undecided people from gravitating toward the insurgents’ causes. Therefore, U.S. troops should be trying to work with Iraqi people instead of alienating them and pushing them toward al-Qaeda and other radical groups.

Kyle completely disagrees with Couch’s argument: instead, he argues that the U.S. military has been too lax in Iraq. At many points in his memoir, Kyle writes about how the bureaucracy of the military delayed him in carrying out his duties. Therefore, Kyle tells Couch, the military should “double down” on displays of force, cutting down on red tape and ignoring the “hearts and minds” approach. The only way to get the people of Iraq to cooperate, he argues, is to intimidate them more than the insurgents do. Kyle’s argument has been disproven by the history of the war in Iraq—in places where soldiers adopted a gentler, “hearts and minds” strategy, they reported much greater success with the Iraqi people.

Chapter 13 Quotes

It was a kid. A child.
I had a clear view in my scope, but I didn't fire. I wasn't going to kill a kid, innocent or not. I'd have to wait until the savage who put him up to it showed himself on the street.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Related Symbols: Guns
Page Number: 387
Explanation and Analysis:

In this chapter, Kyle describes shooting an insurgent carrying a dangerous RPG (i.e., a rocket-powered grenade launcher). After Kyle kills the insurgent, he waits for another insurgent to pick up the weapon, so that he can shoot again. However, Kyle sees a young Iraqi child picking up the RPG and carrying it away from the dead insurgent’s body. Rather than kill the child, Kyle allows the child to walk away (and, possibly, return to the RPG to another insurgent).

Kyle seems to intend for this passage to be an illustration of his mercy and humanity; however, his wording betrays his true beliefs about the Iraqi people. Notice that Kyle boasts that he wouldn’t kill a kid, “innocent or not”—strongly implying that he believes it’s possible for a young Iraqi child to be guilty, and even guilty enough to be deserving of immediate execution. It’s very hard to imagine Kyle passing such harsh, sweeping judgments about a young American child, suggesting his bigoted view of Iraqis.

Chapter 14 Quotes

In the simulations, my blood pressure and heart rate would start out steady. Then, once we got into a firefight, they would drop. I would just sit there and do everything I had to do, real comfortable.
As soon as it was over and things were peaceful, my heart rate would just zoom.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker)
Page Number: 408
Explanation and Analysis:

After returning from Iraq for the final time, Kyle participates in a series of medical research projects designed to examine the effects of warfare on soldiers. During one of the experiments, scientists learn that Kyle responds differently to stress and danger than most human beings do: in a moment of crisis, Kyle’s blood pressure and heart rate go down, not up—put differently, he relaxes during a crisis and gets stressed during moments of peace.

The scientists’ findings confirm what Kyle has already made clear: he’s at his most comfortable in the heat of battle, and most uncomfortable while he’s back at home with his family. After years of fighting in Iraq, during which he’s subscribed to a strong code of machismo, Kyle has taught himself to embrace danger and pain of all kinds. The result is that Kyle is familiar (and comfortable) with gunfire, bombs, ambushes, etc.—whereas “ordinary” situations confuse him. Kyle’s behavior suggests, once again, that he suffers from PTSD—like many veterans who suffer trauma during war, he feels disconnected from “normal” life.

If there is a poster child for overcoming disabilities, Ryan was it. After the injury, he went to college, graduated with honors, and had an excellent job waiting for him. He climbed Mount Hood, Mount Rainer, and a bunch of other mountains; he went hunting and shot a prize trophy elk with the help of a spotter and a gun with some bad-ass technology; he competed in a triathlon. I remember one night Ryan said that he was glad it was he who got shot instead of any of the other guys.

Related Characters: Chris Kyle (speaker), Ryan Job
Page Number: 412
Explanation and Analysis:

During Chapter 14, Kyle slowly adjusts to civilian life. One of his most important influences during this period of his life is his old friend and fellow SEAL Ryan Job. Ryan Job was sent home from Iraq after a horrible injury left him blind in both eyes—an injury for which Kyle (who directed Job to stand in the area from which he was shot) feels personally responsible. When Kyle returns to the U.S., however, he returns to being good friends with Job.

Kyle’s friendship with Job helps to ease his trauma in two different ways. First, and most obviously, Job’s friendship helps to cleanse Kyle of guilt—it’s plain to Kyle that Job forgives him for his accident. Second, and equally important, Job is a role model for Kyle. Even though Kyle is the older soldier, Job shows him that it’s possible for a veteran to live a normal, happy life after wartime experiences, free from guilt and trauma.

If my son was to consider going into SEALs, I would tell him to really think about it. I would tell him that he has to be prepared.
I think it's horrible for family. If you go to war, it does change you, and you have to be prepared for that, too. I'd tell him to sit down and talk to his father about the reality of things.
Sometimes I feel like crying just thinking about him in a firefight.
I think Chris has done enough for the country so that we can skip a generation. But we’ll both be proud of our children no matter what.

Related Characters: Taya Kyle (speaker), Chris Kyle
Page Number: 420
Explanation and Analysis:

Here Taya Kyle discusses the possibility of her children (or mostly just her son, as she seems to assume that women shouldn’t serve) serving in the military, like Chris did. Although she’s enormously respectful of her husband’s military service, Taya finds it difficult to entertain the idea of her child fighting in a war. She thinks about all the pain and suffering that she endured as the wife of a SEAL, and also the trauma that her husband had to deal with when he returned to the U.S. Nevertheless, Taya seems to accept the possibility that her children might grow up to be soldiers—she claims that she’ll be proud of them whether or not they serve.

The passage illustrates the ambiguity in the memoir overall. In no small part, American Sniper is about making a choice between one’s country and one’s family. Again and again, Kyle chooses to fight in the SEALs instead of being with his wife and children; however, in the end, he chooses to be with his family instead of reenlisting. There is, in short, no right answer to the question, “which is more important, family or country?” All people—including Taya and Kyle’s children—must answer this question for themselves, according to their own moral code.

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Chris Kyle Character Timeline in American Sniper

The timeline below shows where the character Chris Kyle appears in American Sniper. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Prologue: Evil in the Crosshairs
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...Iraq from the dictator Saddam Hussein, and the streets are deserted. A man named Chris Kyle—the narrator and author of the memoir—stares through the scope of his sniper rifle. He sees... (full context)
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Chris Kyle’s job is to protect the U.S. Marines as they secure the city, and he’s been... (full context)
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Kyle watches the woman and her child. They’re walking down the street, toward a group of... (full context)
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In Iraq, Kyle says, he fought “savage, despicable evil,” the kind of evil that would lead a woman... (full context)
Chapter 1: Bustin’ Broncs and Other Ways of Having Fun
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Kyle was born in north-central Texas, in a small town. He was brought up to be... (full context)
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Kyle’s family taught him to be respectful and brave. He got in fights, but he rarely... (full context)
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As a teenager, Chris Kyle loved the idea of being a cowboy. Like any good cowboy, he learned how to... (full context)
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Kyle attended college at Tarleton State University, an agricultural university. He continued going to rodeos until... (full context)
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In 1996, Kyle signed up for the military. A recruiter, impressed with his skill as a cowboy and... (full context)
Chapter 2: Jackhammered
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In 1997, Chris Kyle joins the navy and begins his time in boot camp. He works hard, and, over... (full context)
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Toward the end of his time in boot camp, Kyle participates in Hell Week—the infamous six days during which recruits work, exercise, and barely sleep.... (full context)
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...bell, the recruits are taken away from the SEALs for good; they’ve failed boot camp. Kyle concentrates on completing Hell Week, never giving into the temptation to ring the bell. In... (full context)
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After Hell Week, Kyle and the other remaining recruits enter “walk week”—a brief recovery period. During this time, Kyle... (full context)
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BUD/S training ends, and Kyle “survives.” Afterwards, he heads to advance training. There, he reunites with his friend, Marcus Luttrell.... (full context)
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After he moves to Team 3 in Long Beach, Kyle falls in love with a woman named Taya. They meet at a bar one night:... (full context)
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On September 11, 2001, Kyle awakes to a call from Taya, telling him that terrorists have bombed the World Trade... (full context)
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Kyle takes a moment to explain how the SEALs function. SEALs are trained for diving, but... (full context)
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In the year leading up to active duty, Kyle trains hard. Team 3 is divided into platoons, and each platoon is made to compete... (full context)
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During Kyle’s time in training, he gets word that Team 3 will be shipped out to Iraq.... (full context)
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Kyle gets into fights during his time in Team 3. In California, he goes to bars... (full context)
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Kyle experiences a lot of hazing during his time in Team 3. One night, his fellow... (full context)
Chapter 3: Takedowns
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Chris Kyle wakes up to the words, “We got a tanker.” He and the other SEALs of... (full context)
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Kyle and the other SEALs board the tanker. Suddenly, the tanker picks up speed—as if the... (full context)
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Kyle takes a step back to explain why he and Team 3 were stationed in the... (full context)
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...Korean ship suspected of running missiles to the Middle East. Near the coast of Djibouti, Kyle and his friends prepare for their mission, and then board the ship. Onboard, they find... (full context)
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Kyle spends Christmas of 2002 on the Persian Gulf, missing Taya. The SEALs stay in Kuwait,... (full context)
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The SEALs begin patrolling the Kuwaiti border. They drive “badass” Desert Patrol Vehicles, or DPVs. Kyle enjoys riding his DPV through the sand, and notes that firing his “big machine gun... (full context)
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By February of 2003, Kyle is eager to begin fighting for his country. However, Taya is terrified that Kyle will... (full context)
Chapter 4: Five Minutes to Live
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In March 2003, Chris Kyle and the SEALs fly from Kuwait to Iraq. Kyle is about to embark on a... (full context)
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...begin firing on the SEALs. Though they’re outnumbered, the SEALs quickly secure the refinery. As Kyle fires his M-60, he thinks, “I fucking love this.” The next morning, the SEALs march... (full context)
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...so early on, since America hasn’t officially declared war on Iraq yet. As a result, Kyle and his friends spend most of their time waiting around and “doing nothing.” (full context)
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...SEALs drive out to the city of Nasiriya, where they work alongside soldiers and Marines. Kyle is involved in a few battles, but acknowledges that most of the fighting was “by... (full context)
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One night in Nasiriya, Kyle and his fellow SEALs become involved in a firefight that leaves many of his peers... (full context)
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In the Middle East, Kyle learns more about Islam. He was raised Christian, and hates that Muslim fanatics kill those... (full context)
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Muslim extremists in Iraq, Kyle insists, killed any Westerners they could find. They stockpiled weapons of mass destruction—in the sense... (full context)
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The SEALs continue marching north toward Baghdad, the capital of Iraq. Kyle kills “a lot of Iraqis,” noting that for every person he killed, four or five... (full context)
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...hydroelectric power for the entire country. But then, very suddenly, the mission is postponed, and Kyle is sent out of Iraq and back to the U.S. Kyle is furious—he can’t understand... (full context)
Chapter 5: Sniper
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Chris Kyle returns from his first deployment. Taya immediately notes how war has changed him: he’s moody... (full context)
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While he’s back in the U.S., Kyle goes to sniper school. Guns have fascinated Kyle since he was a small child, and... (full context)
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Kyle takes a moment to talk about the weapons he uses in Iraq. Sometimes, he uses... (full context)
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Sniper school gives Kyle the training in science and mathematics he needs to be a good shooter. He learns... (full context)
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Surprisingly, Kyle flunks his practice test at the beginning of sniper school. However, he learns quickly, and... (full context)
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After finishing sniper school, Kyle returns to boot camp to train for Iraq. As usual, he struggles with aquatic training.... (full context)
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Around the same time, Taya and Kyle have a baby boy. Kyle feels more nervous watching his wife give birth than he... (full context)
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Before returning to the Middle East, Kyle attends navigation school. Navigation is an important skill for SEALs, but it’s not as exciting... (full context)
Chapter 6: Dealing Death
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Kyle returns to Iraq. He feels horrible about leaving Taya only weeks after the birth of... (full context)
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Before flying to Iraq, Kyle passes by a group of Americans protesting the war. Kyle is disgusted that protestors would... (full context)
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When Kyle returns to Iraq, the country has been “liberated” from Saddam Hussein. However, the country is... (full context)
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Early on, Kyle is promoted to an assault team. He works with the Polish GROM fighters to raid... (full context)
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Kyle takes a moment to talk about the gear he carried with him in Iraq. He... (full context)
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After about a month of working with the GROM, Kyle is transferred to Fallujah. Fallujah is home to some of the deadliest insurgents in Iraq.... (full context)
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In Fallujah, Kyle receives his first major assignment as a sniper. He’ll be sent out into the outskirts... (full context)
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...forces—he’s a former Olympic marksman who is now working as a sniper against the Marines. Kyle takes a room in the apartment, and prepares to shoot enemy forces below. He remembers,... (full context)
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Kyle has already described taking his first sniper shot (the woman from the book’s prologue). By... (full context)
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Kyle’s enemies in Iraq, the insurgents, are “savage and well-armed.” The Marines raid insurgent houses and... (full context)
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During his time as a sniper, Kyle gets into shootouts with insurgents. One day, an RPG (rocket-propelled grenade) hits the building on... (full context)
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Sniping is difficult, Kyle recalls, because “you make an unjustified shot and you could be charged with murder.” Kyle... (full context)
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One day, Kyle and another soldier—who he’ll refer to as Runaway—are walking along the street when a group... (full context)
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Shortly afterwards, Kyle and another soldier are sent to provide backup for a group of Marines. The two... (full context)
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By providing cover outside the house, Kyle has saved the lives of multiple Marines, and his superiors award him a Bronze Medal... (full context)
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Kyle returns from his second deployment and reunites with Taya. Taya finds it increasingly difficult to... (full context)
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Taya also senses that Kyle feels guilty about some of his actions in Iraq—he believes that he violated some of... (full context)
Chapter 7: Down in the Shit
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Back in Iraq once again, Kyle finds that the insurgents have become more cautious; they stay inside for longer periods, as... (full context)
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One day, Kyle and the Marines raid a house and find a strange group living inside: they’re Caucasians,... (full context)
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Kyle acts as a sniper during a raid on an Iraqi cemetery known to be a... (full context)
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One day, Kyle gets an assignment to provide cover for a group of Marines fighting a group of... (full context)
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...weeks of working with the Marines to clear houses and provide backup, other SEALs tell Kyle that he needs to spend less time “in the field”—he’s too good a sniper to... (full context)
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One day, Kyle and the Marines encounter a young, wounded Marine. The wounded Marine begs Kyle, “Please don’t... (full context)
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Kyle celebrates Thanksgiving, eating packaged “Thanksgiving food” out of plastic tins. Shortly afterwards, he’s sent to... (full context)
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While stationed at the military base on the Euphrates, Kyle and the other SEALs realize that the number of insurgents in the region is growing.... (full context)
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Another day at the Euphrates base, Kyle sees three insurgents gathered about a mile away, pointing and laughing in his general direction.... (full context)
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After another week, Kyle is pulled out and sent back into the heart of Baghdad. While in Baghdad, he... (full context)
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...Saddam Hussein. Insurgents, eager to sabotage the elections, are targeting democratic officials, particularly in Baghdad. Kyle joins up with an Army unit from Arkansas, and provides sniper backup. Kyle initially finds... (full context)
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At nights, insurgents usually don’t attack the troops—they know that soldiers have night vision goggles. Kyle spends many of his nights calling Taya, though he rarely tells her what he’s been... (full context)
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Kyle sustains a few minor injuries during his time in Baghdad, but refuses to get medical... (full context)
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The elections take place in Iraq, to much fanfare in the American media. Privately, Kyle doubts that the Iraqis will ever have “truly functioning democracy” because “it’s a pretty corrupt... (full context)
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Insurgent violence in Baghdad seems to be dying down, at least for now. Kyle and the rest of his unit are transferred to an area called Habbaniyah—the place where... (full context)
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During his time in Habbaniyah, Kyle visits a doctor and learns that he has tuberculosis (TB). The doctor claims that Kyle... (full context)
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Kyle and the unit switch to a new assignment: arresting local insurgents. However, locals sometimes give... (full context)
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One day, Kyle snipes a man walking down the street, holding a heavy gun. Shortly afterwards, Kyle learns... (full context)
Chapter 8: Family Conflicts
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Kyle returns to Taya and his son. He left for Iraq just days after his son... (full context)
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During his time back in the states, Kyle goes to a New Orleans school run by FBI agents; there, he learns about picking... (full context)
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Kyle wants to be back in Iraq more and more each day. Taya is devastated when... (full context)
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Kyle reenlists and bonds with his new unit. During basic training, he hazes an overweight recruit... (full context)
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Before shipping out of training, Kyle gets two tattoos: a Trident, symbolizing his SEAL affiliations, and a cross, symbolizing his faith.... (full context)
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Two days before Kyle deploys, Taya learns that she’ll have to have an emergency C-section—her umbilical cord is wrapped... (full context)
Chapter 9: The Punishers
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Kyle arrives in Baghdad in April 2006, a few days behind the rest of his platoon,... (full context)
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Kyle arrives in Ramadi and learns that his platoon has been shipped out east of Ramadi... (full context)
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Kyle’s platoon returns from the east and greets him happily. By this time, Kyle has gained... (full context)
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Kyle works alongside his chief, a highly experienced sniper named Tony, who’s rumored to be forty... (full context)
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Kyle and his fellow soldiers patrol Ramadi; their plan is to draw fire from insurgents, and... (full context)
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...to take care of her children. Her mother comes to help her, but she misses Kyle terribly. She also takes an especially long time to recover from her C-section. (full context)
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Kyle and his platoon continue fighting off insurgents. As the fighting goes on, the SEALs collaborate... (full context)
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Every day, Kyle and the platoon receive tipoffs about bombs and landmines being planted in Ramadi—some of the... (full context)
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...Islamist fanatics,” while also trying to persuade local gangs to work with their tribal leaders. Kyle doesn’t dwell on the details of the military’s strategy in Ramadi—instead, “What we knew was... (full context)
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Another priority for Kyle and the troops is to work with Iraqi soldiers and police officers—collectively, jundis—by training them... (full context)
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On June 17, the American troops prepare for an offensive strike in Ramadi. Kyle is stationed at a COP (Command Observation Post) at the edge of Ramadi, where he’s... (full context)
Chapter 10: The Devil of Ramadi
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Several nights after the June 17 raid, Kyle and a group of Marines and jundis are sent down the river running through Ramadi... (full context)
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After securing COP Falcon, Kyle is ordered to work with military strategists in Ramadi. His job is to provide input... (full context)
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As Kyle continues his work, the U.S. military sends more tanks and trucks to Ramadi. COP Falcon... (full context)
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The military sends new orders to Kyle’s platoon: clear the area surrounding COP Falcon. Kyle and a few other SEALs volunteer to... (full context)
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While stationed in Ramadi, Kyle becomes more interested in prayer. Before fighting, he joins a prayer circle led by Marc... (full context)
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Kyle, now the head sniper in the area, trains new American snipers. However, his greatest passion... (full context)
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Taya calls Kyle, and learns that he’s written letters to her and their children, in the event that... (full context)
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Fighting in Ramadi escalates, and a total of ninety-six American soldiers are killed. Kyle has a few close calls, but survives the fighting. Kyle realizes that he’s become a... (full context)
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Kyle and the other SEALs fall into a “rhythm” of working in Ramadi: securing COPs, cordoning... (full context)
Chapter 11: Man Down
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On a hot summer day, Kyle walks through Ramadi with the other SEALs, scanning for insurgents. He and Ryan Job are... (full context)
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...evacuated from Iraq with severe wounds. He survives with his life but loses his vision. Kyle feels guilty for telling Ryan to stand by the road—it was he who put Ryan... (full context)
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...find no insurgents. While they’re gathered outside, a bullet hits Marc Lee in the head. Kyle sees that the fire is coming from a nearby house—he realizes that someone must have... (full context)
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Back at base, Kyle calls Taya and breaks down while telling her the sad news. Taya feels sorry for... (full context)
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...shrapnel injury, and the four soldiers who traveled back to the U.S. with Marc’s body), Kyle and the rest of his platoon decide to continue fighting, rather than “taking it easy.”... (full context)
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One day, Kyle sees two potential insurgents riding a moped. They stop and drop a heavy-looking backpack into... (full context)
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Kyle continues to discuss the bureaucracy of the war in Iraq. He notes that there were... (full context)
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In September 2006, Kyle learns from Taya that their daughter is sick with leukemia. Kyle is devastated by the... (full context)
Chapter 12: Hard Times
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When Kyle returns to Taya and his children in 2006, Taya senses right away that he’s stressed... (full context)
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Back in the U.S., Kyle watches as the doctors run tests on his daughter. Eventually, the doctors realize that Kyle... (full context)
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While he’s back with his family, Kyle is shocked to learn that, after his departure from Ramadi, the troops lost another SEAL,... (full context)
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In April 2007, Kyle and some fellow SEALs go to a bar, where they see a group of professional... (full context)
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While back in the U.S., Kyle and other SEALs go to speak with a famous author and former SEAL, Dick Couch.... (full context)
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Kyle learns that he’s suffering from serious knee injuries sustained over the course of his last... (full context)
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After many weeks of counseling, Kyle decides that he will not reenlist in the military when the time comes. He says,... (full context)
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Kyle is still back in the states, recovering from his knee surgery. This means that he’s... (full context)
Chapter 13: Mortality
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In April 2008, Kyle is stationed in Sadr City, near Baghdad. He and his SEAL team clear houses suspected... (full context)
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Kyle backs up to explain how he came to be in Sadr City. Kyle began his... (full context)
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We’re back where we were at the start of the chapter: Kyle has been thrown to the floor by the force of a bomb. His head is... (full context)
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Two days later, Kyle and the other SEALs return to the area surrounding the wall, this time with Strykers.... (full context)
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Looking back, Kyle decides, Sadr City was the worst place he ever served—even worse than Fallujah or Ramadi.... (full context)
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After a month, the soldiers complete the concrete walls through Sadr City. During this time, Kyle and his fellow SEALs kill hundreds of insurgents. Soon after the barriers go up, the... (full context)
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Back in the U.S. Taya continues to worry about Kyle. Her friends tell her that she doesn’t really know her husband. Privately, Taya wonders what... (full context)
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After the Mahdi Army begins negotiating for peace, Sadr City becomes much safer. Kyle gets a new assignment: find bomb makers and other insurgents in the villages surrounding Baghdad.... (full context)
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One day in the villages, Kyle and the other soldiers come upon a man wearing a police uniform. Kyle is immediately... (full context)
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On another night, Kyle and the soldiers raid a building. Kyle sees a man standing in the window of... (full context)
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...the building, toward a soccer field, where the army’s RG-33s (big, bulletproof vehicles) are parked. Kyle and his friends run for the RG-33s; one of the soldiers throws a smoke bomb,... (full context)
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Shortly after the incident in the village, Kyle applies for a transfer and returns to Delta platoon. At this time of year, it’s... (full context)
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In the following weeks as CPO, Kyle finds himself reliving the experience of being shot in Sadr City. He’s unable to sleep,... (full context)
Chapter 14: Home and Out
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Kyle ships out of Iraq in late August 2008. It feels surreal to be leaving the... (full context)
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Kyle is sorely tempted to reenlist, even though he promised Taya that he wouldn’t. Taya insists... (full context)
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Kyle remains in the U.S., and keeps in touch with Ryan, who’s lost both of his... (full context)
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In 2010, Kyle learns that Ryan and his wife are expecting a child. However, Ryan has to go... (full context)
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Kyle writes about Marc Lee, the SEAL who died shortly after Ryan was shot in Iraq.... (full context)
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Kyle tries to move on with his life, but doesn’t know what to do now that... (full context)
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Kyle settles his family in Texas, so that he can continue running the business. Being around... (full context)
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Although being around his wife and children relaxes him, Kyle continues to struggle with memories of the war. He drinks heavily, and one night he... (full context)
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Kyle becomes involves in veteran affairs; he invites veterans to ranches and shooting ranges and shows... (full context)
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After many years of serving in the military, Kyle no longer defines himself as a SEAL—first and foremost, he is a father and a... (full context)
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Racism Theme Icon
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Kyle admits that his experiences in war have changed him deeply: they taught him to embrace... (full context)
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Kyle’s experiences in Iraq have made him stronger and more mature. Small things don’t bother him... (full context)