Death of a Salesman

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Willy Loman Character Analysis

The salesman of the title, and the husband of Linda. We never learn what he sells, but he has thoroughly bought into a version of the American Dream in which charisma and luck count for more than diligence or wisdom. All his life, he represents himself to his family as being constantly on the verge of huge success, while privately wondering why he has not risen to the heights that he believes he is capable of reaching. Eventually, this schism between his dreams and reality results in mental collapse, in which he relives significant moments from his past without learning the lessons of that past. He invests all his hope in his sons and is disappointed in the way they have turned out, not realizing that his shallow dream of success has influenced both Biff's disillusionment and Happy's shallowness. His death represents a final transformation of himself into a commodity—a life insurance policy—for the benefit of his family, whose love he failed to fully recognize while he was still with them.

Willy Loman Quotes in Death of a Salesman

The Death of a Salesman quotes below are all either spoken by Willy Loman or refer to Willy Loman. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The American Dream Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Penguin Classics edition of Death of a Salesman published in 2011.
Act 1 Quotes
I have such thoughts, I have such strange thoughts.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 4
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy Loman, a traveling salesman, arrives home to his wife Linda. She is surprised to see him back so soon, and he explains that he couldn't make it to his destination. He was distracted and kept pulling his car over at the side of the road. She asks him what's wrong and, avoiding the truth, he tells her: "I have such thoughts, I have such strange thoughts." 

Here, we begin to see the slow unraveling of Willy Loman; a man with an unrealistic view of the American Dream. He measures the worth of his own life in the amount of money he has, yet we will come to learn that he will never attain what he dreams of. Death Of A Salesman is Arthurs Miller's commentary on that American Dream and how it can break people. In the 1940s and 50s a blue collar job, like a salesman was what people aspired for. They believed that work meant wealth. Yet Willy Loman feels a sense of purposelessness that he can't define. He doesn't understand that the ideal of the American Dream has betrayed him—it is the unrewarding nature of his job and his constant idealism of what it means to be wealthy that leaves him directionless. 

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Work a lifetime to pay off a house. You finally own it, and there's nobody to live in it.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 4
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy asks Linda about how his two sons, Happy and Biff, are doing. Linda tells him that they are getting along and that she loves watching them shave together. We learn here that they are grown men. Willy comments on Linda's remarks with this quote. 

Once again, Willy has distilled one of the darkest aspects of the American Dream. Like many, he has worked his entire life to provide for his family, so much so that he has missed out on most of his children's' lives. As he traveled, his sons became men. After this moment he tells Linda, that "some people accomplish" things, suggesting that the time he has lost with his children was pointless. He hasn't accomplished anything, quite possibly because he is searching in the wrong places. This quote also foreshadows the ending of the play, when Willy's death indeed pays off the house—but he isn't alive to live in it.

And they know me, boys, they know me up and down New England. The finest people. And when I bring you fellas up, there'll be open sesame for all of us, 'cause one thing, boys: I have friends.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Biff Loman, Happy Loman
Page Number: 19
Explanation and Analysis:

After returning home from a business trip, Willy recounts his time away to his sons. He explains that he is very well liked when he travels. On this trip he met the mayor of Providence and sat down with him. He also brags about his fame and friends.

This moment is a stark contrast from Willy's first entrance and dialogue with Linda. Here, Willy is putting on a show for his sons. Instead of telling them the truth—that he hates his job and feels like his life is pointless—he regales his sons with stories of his travels. There is a sense of pride inherent in being the father for Willy. He must be successful. He must be an example for his sons. Once again, success, wealth and now, being well-liked become more important than happiness; this is Willy's  perception of the "American Dream." 

Linda: Willy, darling, you're the handsomest man in the world—

Willy: Oh, no, Linda.

Linda: To me you are. The handsomest.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Linda Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 24
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy and Linda go over his earnings for the week and realize that they still will have some trouble paying the bills. Willy tells Linda that he doesn't feel respected by other people, and part of the reason for this is his weight. Willy overheard a client calling him a "walrus." He is embarrassed by his own body, so Linda replies with reinforcement, telling him that he is handsome. Here we see how loyal Linda is to Willy. Her love for him transcends success or finance. She loves Willy for Willy. Willy, on the other hand, is not so loyal to Linda—in fact, he has betrayed her with another woman. Willy's concern for his weight also reveals the idea that as a salesman he must ultimately sell himself. 

The man knew what he wanted and went out and got it! Walked into a jungle, and comes out, the age of twenty-one, and he's rich! The world is an oyster, but you don't crack it open on a mattress!
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Ben Loman
Page Number: 28
Explanation and Analysis:

Here, Willy discusses his jealousy for his brother Ben's fortune. Ben came from nothing, but discovered a diamond mine in Africa and got rich. When Willy tells Happy this, Happy wonders how Ben did it. Willy replies with this quote. He tells Happy that dreams are acquired through perseverance, but also great luck. This moment once again plays on the idealized versus realized "American Dream." Adventuring to Africa and making a fortune overnight is Willy's idea of what the American dream should be. But Willy actually lives Arthur Miller's reality of the American dream: a blue-collar, middle-class working man who feels aimless and hasn't achieved any sense of fulfillment or happiness for all his striving. 

Never fight fair with a stranger, boy. You'll never get out of the jungle that way.
Related Characters: Ben Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 34
Explanation and Analysis:

Alone in his kitchen, Willy daydreams about his brother Ben. On stage, Ben will appear through the walls of the house, and Ben then discusses Willy and his father. He describes his father to Willy, Linda, Biff and Happy. Ben then play fights with Biff and pulls out an umbrella and nearly hits him in the eye. He tells Biff this piece of advice.

Willy has constantly lived in the shadow of his brother Ben, who made a fortune virtually overnight. Willy has had to work his entire life and thus has a skewed sense of what the real American Dream is. He sees it as wealth and monetary success, because of the success of his brother (which was actually based entirely on luck). Furthermore, like Biff and Happy, Willy looks up to his brother. Yet this moment reveals Ben as a cruel person—who knows how many people he has hurt or taken advantage of in order to achieve his "success." Once again, Willy has a warped sense of what is important in life. 

Gotta break your neck to see a star in this yard.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 37
Explanation and Analysis:

Ben is leaving Willy's imagination, but Willy begs him to stay. He wants to learn from him—he asks Ben how he can teach his boys about making something of themselves. Ben replies by telling him to simply walk into the "jungle." Willy is then snapped out of his memory by Linda asking him to come up to bed. Willy replies with this quote.

The jungle is an elusive concept in the play. It was Ben's literal way toward fortune, but it also represents jumping into life and working at full force. Furthermore, Miller draws a stark contrast between nature and the city. For Willy, the jungle and the stars at night represent passion and what is natural, yet he is stuck in a city life, where he must work tirelessly for no gain. Stars are impossible to see in the city. They are clouded by industrialism and tall buildings, much like the life of the Loman men. The reference to him breaking his neck is a foreshadowing of Willy's own death; the only way he has to escape his own life. 

I don't say he's a great man. Willy Loman never made a lot of money. His name was never in the paper... But he's a human being, and a terrible thing is happening to him. So attention must be paid. He's not to be allowed to fall into his grave like an old dog. Attention, attention must be finally paid to such a person.
Related Characters: Linda Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 40
Explanation and Analysis:

Biff, Happy, and Linda are watching Willy unravel. He is talking to himself, and growing erratic and aggressive. Biff makes the mistake of calling his father crazy. Here, in Linda's iconic speech, she explains that her husband is going through a horrible time in his life. No matter his flaws, he is a human being and deserves to be taken care of—deserves the attention and appreciation that he constantly seeks. Unlike the other characters in the play, Linda sees Willy as a hero—his accomplishments are great because of his humanity, even though they may seem small or even pathetic to others. Linda feels as though her sons have betrayed Willy by accusing him of being unhinged or not taking his state of mind seriously. She later reveals that Willy has made several attempts to kill himself—offering a more concrete and urgent reason for why "attention must be paid" to Willy.

Remember how he waved to me? Right up from the field, with the representatives of three colleges standing by? And the buyers I brought, and the cheers when he came out - Loman, Loman, Loman! God Almighty, he'll be great yet.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Biff Loman
Page Number: 51
Explanation and Analysis:

Happy and Biff throw around the idea of starting their own sporting goods business, and they share with Willy that Biff is going to ask his former boss for money. Willy is thrilled by the idea, and throws in a slew of suggestions and thoughts on how they should present themselves. Here, he reflects on a football game where he saw his son Biff being cheered, his own last name ringing around the stadium. This again shows Willy's warped mixture of nostalgia and idealism—he celebrates this heroic moment of the past, even though Biff has gone on to not really accomplish anything. Willy has specific ideas about what "success" is, and his sons fail themselves in trying not to fail their father.

Act 2 Quotes
Willy: Your father came to me the day you were born and asked me what I thought of the name of Howard, may he rest in peace.

Howard: I appreciate that, Willy, but there just is no spot here for you.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Howard Wagner (speaker)
Page Number: 59-60
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy goes to meet Howard Wagner, the son of the owner of the company he works for. Encouraged by Linda to find a job that will keep him in New York, and always one for a business deal or "sale," Willy comes into the meeting optimistic. He asks Howard to keep him in New York on a lower salary, and in this moment, Howard refuses. Although only 36 years old, Howard acts patronizingly towards Willy here. He is a much younger man, but like so many others in Willy's life, doesn't respect him. Willy brings up how he helped Howard's father choose his name as a baby.

Although Willy idealizes these kinds of connections, and assumes that being likable and loyal is the ultimate recipe for success, here that idea is shot down. Willy's connection to Howard's father fits in with Willy's ideas of how business works, but to Howard—who, we presume, is more concerned with profit than indulging in nostalgia—this just isn't that important. Thus the very things that Willy counted on here abandon and betray him.

Do you know? when he died - and by the way he died the death of a salesman, in his green velvet slippers in the smoker of the New York, New Haven and Hartford, going into Boston - when he died, hundreds of salesmen and buyers were at his funeral. Things were sad on a lotta trains for months after that.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 61
Explanation and Analysis:

After Howard refuses to give Willy a position in New York, Willy tries to get him to change his mind by explaining his long history and passion for sales. When he was young he met a man named Dave Singleman, a traveling salesman. Inspired by his stories of travel and fortune, Willy realized in that moment that being a salesman was his passion. In the present, Willy admires the way the Dave was respected after his death, having died the death of a true traveling salesman. 

Always on the search for the American Dream, young Willy Loman idealized the life of being a traveling salesman. He saw Dave's fortune and fame as a direct result of his career, and thus followed in his footsteps. He also uses this story to share how much the sales world has changed.

In terms of plot, the description of the larger-than-life Dave's death is darkly contrasted with Willy's own impending death. Willy dies the "death of a salesman," just like Dave, but Willy is mourned by almost no one.

The only thing you got in this world is what you can sell. And the funny thing is that you're a salesman, and you don't know that.
Related Characters: Charley (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 75
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy enters into Charley's office to ask him for a loan, having just been fired by Howard. Charley had previously offered Willy a well-paying job, but Willy had proudly refused to take it (Willy has always felt very competitive towards Charley). Charley tells Willy that he doesn't understand why he wants to borrow money, but won't take a job. Willy explains that he was fired by Howard, but also repeats his philosophy that in order to succeed, one must be impressive and likable. He believes that his involvement in Howard's childhood should have given him a leg up. Here, Charley tries to tell Willy that those things—his relationships, being well liked or successful—don't matter in the world of real capitalism. The American Dream is much harsher than Willy's idealized vision of it. Once again Willy has spent so much of his life worrying about his image of success that he has lost the meaning within his own life. 

Funny, y'know? After all the highways, and the trains, and the appointments, and the years, you end up worth more dead than alive.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Page Number: 76
Explanation and Analysis:

After arguing about whether or not Charley should give Willy a loan, Charley finally caves. He throws money on the table and Willy tells him that after all of the bills and expenses, he is probably worth more dead than alive. Here, Willy verbally communicates the idea that he has been suggesting throughout the play; self worth is measured in wealth. Without wealth in life, he is likely worth more dead (as he would be able to give his family life insurance money). In his mind, it is worth more for him to be dead than it is to live the aimless and mediocre life he is living. He also refers to the city landscape here, revealing another moment where the city and countryside are used to compare different qualities and priorities in life. This skewed sense of self-worth and the meaning of life foreshadows what will ultimately become of Willy Loman. 

But it'll go on forever!

Dad is never so happy as when he's looking forward to something!
Related Characters: Biff Loman (speaker), Happy Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 82
Explanation and Analysis:

After telling Happy the story of his encounter with Bill Oliver, Biff reveals that when no one was looking he snuck into Oliver's office and stole his fountain pen. Biff then tells Happy that he wants to confess to their father, so that Willy can see that Biff is very different from what he appears to be. Happy suggests that instead of telling Willy the truth, they convince him that Oliver agreed to speak with Biff and is looking over their offer. Happy knows that Willy's joy and self-worth hinges on his dreams, so he encourages his brother to lie in order to keep their father happy. Biff, on the other hand, feels he needs to prove something to his father, whom he always felt never understood him. 

She's nothing to me, Biff. I was lonely, I was terribly lonely.

You - you gave her Mama's stockings!
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker), Biff Loman (speaker), Linda Loman, The Woman
Related Symbols: Stockings
Page Number: 95
Explanation and Analysis:
While Biff tries to confess about his meeting with Bill Oliver to his father, Willy sinks into another memory. He goes back to the day he found out Biff flunked math. After failing his course, Biff took a train to visit Willy in Boston, and he found him with another woman in his hotel room. Willy tried to hide his mistress in the bathroom, but eventually she comes out, asking Willy for her stockings that he promised her: Linda's stockings. Biff is heartbroken at his father's infidelity. Once again, the stockings are used as a symbol of betrayal. They are the image that Biff and Willy carry with them, a emblem of that night. After that moment, Biff tells Willy that he won't be retaking math or going to college. Throughout the play Willy has been blaming math as the reason why Biff hasn't been successful, when in reality it was this shattering moment of disillusionment. The man that Biff had always looked up to is now a fraud. This forever warps Biff's idea of the "American Dream"; something he once defined as the dream of his father's. He now sees that it is all a sham, and is left directionless in life. 
I've got to get some seeds, right away. Nothing's planted. I don't have a thing in the ground.
Related Characters: Willy Loman (speaker)
Related Symbols: Seeds
Page Number: 96
Explanation and Analysis:

Willy's fantasy about his affair dissolves and he finds himself in the bathroom of the restaurant he was in with his sons. When he returns to the table he sees that his sons are gone—they've paid the check and he is alone. Willy asks his server, Stanley where he can find some seeds to plant. Stanley tells him to go to a hardware store nearby. Willy exits.

Seeds here become a symbol of Willy's desire to die and leave something, no matter how small, behind him. He has nothing to care for anymore. His sons don't respect him, he has just had a vivid memory of his betrayal of his wife, he has lost his job, and he has lost his own sense of self worth. Miller also brings up the idea of nature versus city once again. If the city represents the clouded, capitalistic American Dream, coming back to nature, to the simple planting and reaping of seeds, represents the idea of finding truth and connection. Additionally, unlike Willy, seeds are planted—they are rooted to the ground, and do not travel or move. Willy is desperate for roots and desperate for growth, and he sees death and the planting of seeds as the only way to accomplish this. 

Will you let me go, for Christ's sake? Will you take that phony dream and burn it before something happens?
Related Characters: Biff Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 106
Explanation and Analysis:

Biff and Happy return home, and Linda is furious that they abandoned their father at the restaurant. She tells both of them that they must leave the house and move out if they want to save their father. Biff approaches Willy, who is outside, rambling to himself and planting the seeds he has bought. Biff confesses everything that happened with Bill Oliver, and tells Willy that he is leaving the house. Willy is stuck in his fantasy world, and he doesn't believe that Biff doesn't have a meeting with Oliver. Biff grabs the rubber hose that Willy used to try to kill himself with earlier in the play. He tells his father that killing himself won't make him a hero, and that he has been living in fantasy; he has unrealistic ideas of success and fortune. He tells his father the thing he, Biff, truly loves: being outdoors. He then begs his father to let go of his dreams to save his own life. In this moment, Biff attempts to shatter his father's dreams from a place of love. Biff knows that Willy's delusions of what life should be are killing him, and this is Biff's last-ditch effort to save his father. 

The jungle is dark but full of diamonds, Willy.
Related Characters: Ben Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 107
Explanation and Analysis:

After what seems to have been a revelatory moment with his family, Willy sinks back into his delusions, hearing the voice of his dead brother Ben telling him that "The jungle is dark but full of diamonds." Unbeknownst to his family, Willy turns and listens to this voice. In his delusional state, Ben tells Willy that with money, Biff will be magnificent one day. Ben urges Willy to not give up on his dreams, and to instead return to the "jungle." In a moment alone, Willy agrees. He chooses to abandon his family for the ultimate search of wealth; his life insurance policy. That night, he takes his car and kills himself. His American Dream has been realized, and he has at last reached the dark "jungle" of both death and money.

Requiem Quotes
There were a lot of nice days. When he'd come home from a trip; or on Sundays, making the stoop; finishing the cellar; putting on the new porch... You know something, Charley, there's more of him in that front stoop than in all the sales he ever made.
Related Characters: Biff Loman (speaker), Willy Loman, Charley
Page Number: 110
Explanation and Analysis:

After Willy's funeral, Biff brings up Willy's knack for carpentry as one of his better qualities. So much of their home is Willy's making, and this moment suggests that Willy had skills outside of his failed sales career—he was just too caught up in his own pursuit of wealth, and his idea of success as being "likable," to see it. Biff tries to remember the good in his father, both to celebrate him and, in many ways, to protect himself. He is his father's son, and he sees so much of his own failure as a result of that. Yet the suggestion is that Biff has not yet given in entirely to Willy's delusions—there is still a chance for him to find more fulfillment in life than his father did. 

He don't put a bolt to a nut, he don't tell you the law or give you medicine. He's a man way out there in the blue, riding on a smile and a shoeshine... A salesman is got to dream, boy. It comes with the territory.
Related Characters: Charley (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 111
Explanation and Analysis:

After Willy's funeral, the family stands around Willy's grave and talk about his life. Biff tells Charley that Willy had the wrong dreams—he was never meant to be a salesman, and his aspirations were clouded by his desire to be wealthy and well-liked by many. Charley disagrees, and he tells the group that Willy was the truest salesman there ever was. He depended on the happiness and affirmation of his customers. If he didn't have that, his life would shatter. He was exemplary in his profession, which caused him to rely heavily on his own success. This is what really killed him—his failure to continue to receive the affirmation of others, the failure of his own dreams.

I made the last payment on the house today. Today, dear. And there'll be nobody home.
Related Characters: Linda Loman (speaker), Willy Loman
Page Number: 112
Explanation and Analysis:

Everyone has left the funeral, and Linda stands alone over Willy's grave. In this private moment, she speaks to her deceased husband, telling him that she can't cry. She feels like he is on just another trip, and is bound to come home. She has been abandoned by him, but also cannot yet accept the reality of his death. Linda then tells Willy that she made the final payment on their house—but there is no one there to live in it now. The irony of the American dream is made clear here. Linda was only able to pay for the house, a goal Willy was aiming to achieve, with the insurance money collected after Willy's death. His American Dream has been realized, but he isn't there to see it—it's just empty money, without life and meaning behind it.

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Willy Loman Character Timeline in Death of a Salesman

The timeline below shows where the character Willy Loman appears in Death of a Salesman. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Act 1
The American Dream Theme Icon
Nature vs. City Theme Icon
The curtain rises on Willy Loman's house in Brooklyn. The house, with its small backyard, looks fragile next to the... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
Abandonment and Betrayal Theme Icon
Willy Loman returns home from a sales trip, carrying two suitcases of merchandise. He is exhausted,... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
Nature vs. City Theme Icon
Willy tries to avoid talking about the reason for his early return. When Linda presses him,... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
Fathers and Sons Theme Icon
Abandonment and Betrayal Theme Icon
...argument between them: she wants him to work in New York, closer to home. But Willy responds that he is a vital salesman in the New England area. He points out... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
Fathers and Sons Theme Icon
The conversation turns to Willy and Linda's grown sons, Happy and Biff, who are upstairs sleeping after a double date.... (full context)
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Abandonment and Betrayal Theme Icon
Linda convinces Willy to go downstairs to the kitchen so that he won't wake the boys. Happy and... (full context)
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Recalling his argument with Willy, Biff says that he doesn't know what he is supposed to want. He has tried... (full context)
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...encouraging, and reminds Biff that he is well liked. The boys are embarrassed to hear Willy downstairs talking to himself, and try to go to sleep. (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
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In the kitchen, Willy is lost in a memory, which is acted out onstage. He is remembering a time... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
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...come over to study math with him. Biff is close to flunking the subject, and Willy orders Biff to study, but is quickly distracted and impressed by the University of Virginia... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
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A younger version of Linda enters. She asks Willy how much he sold on his trip. At first, he claims he made $1,200. Linda... (full context)
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Sobered by the tiny amount that he has earned, Willy now worries to Linda that people don't seem to like him, which is stopping him... (full context)
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As Willy says these words to Linda, The Woman's laughter is heard from the darkness of another... (full context)
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Willy returns to his conversation with Linda, who is mending her stockings. Willy becomes upset, and... (full context)
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Willy's memories build to a crescendo. Bernard runs through, begging Biff to study for the upcoming... (full context)
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Happy comes downstairs, distracting Willy from his memories. Happy tries to convince Willy to come upstairs and go to bed.... (full context)
The American Dream Theme Icon
Charley, who has heard the voices in Willy's house, comes over from next door to see if Willy is all right. The two... (full context)
Fathers and Sons Theme Icon
Nature vs. City Theme Icon
Willy asks Charley what he thinks of the new ceiling Willy has put up. Charley shows... (full context)
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Abandonment and Betrayal Theme Icon
In a kind of daydream, Willy's rugged, dignified older brother Ben appears onstage. Willy tells Charley that Ben died only a... (full context)
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Now alone, Willy remembers a time when Ben visited the house. In the memory, the two of them... (full context)
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Willy calls Biff and Happy into the room and asks Ben to tell them about their... (full context)
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Willy boasts that his sons are also rugged. To test his claim, Ben begins to mock-wrestle... (full context)
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A younger Charley enters and warns Willy not to let his sons steal any more from the construction site nearby. Willy, still... (full context)
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Willy wanders out into the back yard, still talking to the ghosts from his past. He... (full context)
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Linda, who has heard Willy talking to himself, comes to the door to the backyard and asks him to come... (full context)
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Willy leaves to go on a walk, though he is in his slippers. Biff and Happy... (full context)
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Biff angrily responds that Willy never respected her. Linda counters that Willy may not be a great man, but he... (full context)
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...new nipple on the gas pipe of the water heater, which she thinks means that Willy had tried to asphyxiate himself. Biff decides that though he hates the business world, it... (full context)
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When Willy enters, having overheard his family arguing about him, Biff tries to joke, saying that Willy... (full context)
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To diffuse Willy's anger, Happy announces that Biff is going to ask his old boss Bill Oliver to... (full context)
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Excited by the sporting goods idea, which they call the "Florida idea," Willy gives advice to Biff regarding the interview. He tells Biff that he should walk into... (full context)
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In bed that night, Linda asks Willy what Biff has against him, and reminds him to ask Howard Wagner for a sales... (full context)
Act 2
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When Willy wakes the next morning, Biff and Happy have already gone, and Linda tells Willy that... (full context)
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Before Willy leaves, Linda tells him that the boys want to take him to a fancy dinner... (full context)
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Right after Willy leaves, Linda answers a phone call from Biff. She tells him what she thinks is... (full context)
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Willy arrives at Howard Wagner's office, and timidly enters. Howard is playing with a wire recorder... (full context)
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When Howard gets around to asking why Willy isn't in Boston, Willy explains that he doesn't want to travel anymore. He asks Howard... (full context)
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Willy tells a story of a salesman who inspired him, Dave Singleman. Dave sold until he... (full context)
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Willy continues to mention Howard's father and lowers his salary requirement, but Howard is uninterested. He... (full context)
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Howard comes back in and unplugs the tape recorder. He tells Willy that he is no longer welcome to represent the company in Boston. Referring to Willy,... (full context)
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Howard leaves, and Willy slips into a memory in which Ben is offering him an opportunity to come to... (full context)
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...carrying that. Biff allows Bernard to carry his shoulder pads. Charley enters and jokes with Willy about the game, trying to deflate Willy's excessive expectations about the game. Willy becomes angry... (full context)
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...room outside Charley's office. Charley's secretary, Jenny, comes in to ask Bernard to deal with Willy, who has come to see Charley but is still lost in his memory, arguing with... (full context)
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...and make up the class. But then Biff took a trip to Boston to see Willy, and when he returned he didn't go to summer school, burned his University of Virginia... (full context)
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...of his office and hands Bernard a goodbye gift, a bottle of bourbon. He tells Willy that Bernard is going to argue a case in front of the Supreme Court. Willy,... (full context)
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Bernard leaves, and Willy follows Charley into his office. Charley starts to count out the usual fifty dollars, but... (full context)
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Charley gives Willy the money to pay his life insurance premium. Willy muses that he has ended up... (full context)
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Biff tells Happy that he wants to confess all this to Willy, so that their father will know that Biff is not the man that Willy takes... (full context)
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Willy arrives. Biff begins, hesitantly, to tell him what happened. But before he can say much,... (full context)
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Trying to calm Willy down, Biff falls back on Happy's strategy and lies: he tells Willy that Oliver is... (full context)
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Miss Forsythe returns, now with a friend, Letta. Willy, in a daze, wanders off to the restroom. Biff berates Happy for not caring enough... (full context)
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Alone in the restroom, Willy relives the memory of being surprised by Biff while he was with The Woman in... (full context)
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Trying to get Biff out of the room, Willy pushes him toward the door and agrees to drive back immediately and speak to the... (full context)
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Willy emerges from his memory, still in the restroom, as Stanley shakes him. He tells Willy... (full context)
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Willy asks Stanley if he knows where he can find a store that sells carrot and... (full context)
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...but she angrily throws them to the floor. She asks Biff if he cares whether Willy lives or dies, and accuses Happy of spending all his time with "lousy rotten whores."... (full context)
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In the garden, Willy is talking with Ben, and mentions the $20,000 dollar life insurance policy his family will... (full context)
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Biff enters and takes the hoe out of Willy's hand. He tells Willy that he is leaving and won't be around to fight with... (full context)
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Biff puts the rubber hose in front of Willy, demanding that he answer to it. He tells Willy that he won't be a hero... (full context)
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...and "the work and the food and the time to sit and smoke." He tells Willy that he just wants to know himself, and for Willy to know himself. He says... (full context)
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Willy, suddenly in better spirits, comments that Biff must really like him to cry over him... (full context)
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Happy goes upstairs. Linda follows soon after. Willy promises to also come upstairs soon. Alone, now, Ben appears to him, and Willy assures... (full context)
Requiem
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The only people at Willy's funeral are his family, Charley and Bernard. Linda is bewildered by the absence of all... (full context)
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Happy, upset, says that Willy's death was unnecessary. Linda wonders why Willy would kill himself now, when they had nearly... (full context)
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Charley delivers an eulogy in Willy's defense. He says that a salesman doesn't do anything concrete like bolting a nut or... (full context)
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Linda asks for some privacy to say goodbye to Willy, and she is left alone at the grave. She can't cry yet, she confesses, because... (full context)