Great Expectations

Great Expectations

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The novel's hero, Pip is an orphan who lives with his harsh and selfish sister Mrs. Joe and serves as the apprentice of her gentle blacksmith husband Joe. Pip is sensitive and intellectually curious, but he is also extremely ambitious and, when he unexpectedly comes into money as a teenager, Pip grows haughty and extravagant in pursuit of a lifestyle genteel enough to meet the refined standards of Estella, the woman he loves. Confusing personal integrity with public reputation, Pip is cruelly disloyal to Joe and Biddy, avoiding them because of their lower class. Still, by novel's end, Pip learns to judge people by internal rather than superficial standards and redeems himself by repenting sincerely and reforming his personal values.

Pip Pirrip Quotes in Great Expectations

The Great Expectations quotes below are all either spoken by Pip Pirrip or refer to Pip Pirrip. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Social Class Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Dover Publications edition of Great Expectations published in 2001.
Book 1, Chapter 2 Quotes

"People are put in the Hulks because they murder, and because they rob, and forge, and do all sorts of bad; and they always begin by asking questions. Now you get along to bed!"

Related Characters: Mrs. Joe Gargery (speaker), Pip Pirrip
Page Number: 10
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip hears canons being fired from the Hulks (ships where prisoners were kept) and asks about the reason for the noise. His sister, Mrs. Joe, responds by scolding him for his inquisitiveness.

Mrs. Joe takes advantage of the question to offer a moral lesson for Pip, beginning a trend in the novel in which various characters offer both solicited and unsolicited advice for the adolescent protagonist. Hers is an warning against asking too many questions—which she introduces by scaling back slowly from the severity of crimes that land people in the Hulks. She begins with the worst crime of all—“they murder”—and then reduces the severity to “they rob,” then “forge,” and “do all sorts of bad." Mrs. Joe thus establishes the moral opening of the novel and stresses how harsh punishments will be leveled on those who commit a wide variety of crimes.

It is somewhat flippant to leap from murder to “asking questions” as types of bad action, and Mrs. Joe’s link thus indicates that the novel sets high stakes on digging too deeply into things. This idea will haunt Pip throughout the text, as he tries to delve deeply into London society, while remaining sufficiently ignorant of its misdoings to stay out of guilt. Mrs. Joe's scolding also foreshadows how Pip will be aided by his curiosity, particularly when it pertains to the criminal activity of the Hulks.

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Book 1, Chapter 3 Quotes

The terrors that had assailed me whenever Mrs. Joe had gone near the pantry, or out of the room, were only to be equaled by the remorse with which my mind dwelt on what my hands hand done. Under the weight of my wicked secret, I pondered whether the Church would be powerful enough to shield me from the vengeance of the terrible young man, if I divulged to that establishment. I conceived the idea that the time when the banns were read and when the clergyman said, "Ye are now to declare it!" would be the time for me to rise and propose a private conference in the vestry.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Mrs. Joe Gargery
Page Number: 17
Explanation and Analysis:

As Pip organizes the stolen food and file for the convict, he feels exceedingly guilty. He considers turning the man in at the Church, hoping that the religious institution would offer him a source of security.

Dickens establishes Pip in this scene to be a sympathetic and sensitive character. Although he is nervous about being caught, he is equally crippled by “remorse” for having been placed in this morally-confusing situation. Rather than write off his act as the necessary response to a coercive threat, Pip takes full accountability for his “wicked secret.” The fact that he summons a potential explanation to the Church seems to indicate that Pip wants to purge his guilt through confession.

Yet Pip describes the Church here less as a moral or spiritual force and more as a protective social institution. Wondering if “the Church would be powerful enough” and describing it as “that establishment” highlights its infrastructural role in England. Indeed, Pip sees Christmas Mass less as a time for personal reflection or good faith and rather as a place to “propose a private conference” that would aid his own ends. Dickens thus highlights, through the perspective of an earnest child, the way the Church of England may be imagined as a pragmatic rather than solely religious institution.

Book 1, Chapter 4 Quotes

I thought what terrible good sauce for a dinner my fugitive friend on the marshes was. They had not enjoyed themselves a quarter so much before the entertainment was brightened with the excitement he furnished.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Provis (a.k.a. Abel Magwitch) (a.k.a. the convict)
Page Number: 25
Explanation and Analysis:

The retinue of soldiers mill around the Christmas Party and create an enjoyable commotion. Pip observes that the mood of the event has notably improved, and he attributes this change, indirectly, to the convict.

That the convict is deemed a “terrible good sauce” stresses the way he is being metaphorically eaten or consumed by the other characters. His misfortune becomes “excitement” for those at the party, because he generates “entertainment” in what is otherwise a relatively boring affair. This passage shows a somewhat mean-spirited "schadenfreude"—happiness at the misfortune of offers—considering it is Christmas Day: the best part of the meal is not gratitude, but rather the excitement “furnished”by negative events.

Pip’s comment speaks more broadly to the odd way humans tend to relate to positive and negative events. Often in Dickens’ novel, seemingly bad occurrences will actually lead to more excitement and energy in the resulting social interactions—whereas good experiences can lead to apathy or jealousy. Of course, Pip has no awareness of these complicated dynamics, but Dickens once more uses the innocent eyes of a child to offer the social commentary that external events and internal experiences do not necessarily align.

Book 1, Chapter 6 Quotes

I was too cowardly to do what I knew to be right, as I had been too cowardly to avoid doing what I knew to be wrong.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker)
Page Number: 31
Explanation and Analysis:

Walking back to the forge with Joe and Mr. Wopsie, Pip decides not to confess his role in the convict’s escape. His adult self looks back on that silence as a mark of cowardice.

Dickens shifts the text here into the voice of a retrospective narrator: an older Pip who comments on his earlier actions and thus provides a moral voice on his younger self’s development. This technique also allows Dickens to create dramatic tension in the text, for he hints at Pip’s future identity while leaving the exact conditions of that identity murky. A comment like this one, for instance, subtly offers insight on both the younger and the older Pips. Here, that insight can be found in the difference between what the two Pips perceive to be “cowardly.” That the retrospective narrative finds the younger one “too cowardly” indicates that the older one has come to value assertive action and adherence to a stronger sense of moral justice.

The older narrator also points out how action and inaction are both forms of cowardice: the phrases “to do what I knew to be right” and “to avoid doing what I knew to be wrong” are placed in parallel clauses to stress how they are the result of the same fearful nature. Though the reader might more be willing to forgive Pip, and other characters, of inaction, the older Pip emphasizes that we should not differentiate between them in this way. Thus Dickens presents through this retrospective narrator a strong ethical eye that judges Pip’s actions throughout the novel.

Book 1, Chapter 9 Quotes

"…lies is lies. Howsoever they come, they didn't ought to come, and they come from the father of lies, and work round to the same. Don't you tell no more of ‘em, Pip. That ain't the way to get out of being common, old chap…If you can't get to be uncommon through going straight, you'll never get to do it through going crooked."

Related Characters: Joe Gargery (speaker), Pip Pirrip
Page Number: 54
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip regrets telling a series of lies about his visit to Miss Havisham’s, and eventually confesses what he did to Joe. Joe then reproaches him, pronouncing all lies to be indiscriminately bad.

Joe asserts here a strict and universal ethical framework. He does not differentiate between types of falsehoods as other characters might, but rather claims they are the same “howsoever they come.” Dickens thus casts Joe as the moral center of the novel. Despite his low social status and lack of education, he holds strongly to his principles in a way no member of the middle or upper class ever does. Thus when Pip rejects Joe as he ascends through society, he is also implicitly rejecting these sturdy ethical codes.

These comments prefigure both Pip’s moral decline and his failure to fully assimilate into the upper class. Joe insightfully observes that lying is correlated to Pip’s social ascent, and warns him that this will not be an effective way “to be uncommon.” “Uncommon” means, for Joe, unusual or special, but it also signifies for Pip becoming a member of the elite class instead a commoner. In addition to denying the morality of “going crooked,” Joe also implies that it is an ineffective way of changing one’s social position, particularly with the phrase “you’ll never get to do it.” Thus Dickens subtly equates pragmatism and morality here: whereas for other characters the two are are often opposed—and an evil act can generate selfish benefits—Joe believes that only honest acts can produce positive, honest ends.

…my young mind was in that disturbed and unthankful state that I thought long after I laid me down, how common Estella would consider Joe, a mere blacksmith: how thick his boots, and how coarse his hands. I thought how Joe and my sister were then sitting in the kitchen, and how Miss Havisham and Estella never sat in a kitchen, but were far above the level of such common things.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Estella Havisham, Joe Gargery, Miss Havisham, Mrs. Joe Gargery
Page Number: 55
Explanation and Analysis:

After his conversation with Joe, Pip becomes perturbed at how Miss Havisham and Estella would think of his pseudo-father. Instead of heeding Joe’s advice, he is consumed by anxiety about social class and how others may interpret Joe’s behaviors.

This passage shows how Pip is becoming increasingly aware of and unhappy about his social status. He focuses on specific signifiers of that status—“how thick his boots, and how coarse his hands”—that would allow Estella to observe that Joe performs physical labor for a living. Similarly, he notes that certain spaces, such as a kitchen, as only inhabited by members of lower classes. We can see how Pip is training his own eye to interpret indicators of social class and how important Estella has become to his consciousness. After just one interaction with her, Pip is already filtering his perceptions of even his closest family members through her judgmental eyes.

The retrospective narrator notably implies that these thoughts are unreasonable and negative, considering it “that disturbed and unthankful state.” Dickens indicates that by the time the older Pip is recounting this story, he has realized that Joe was a meaningful and important character—and that he should not have regarded him with this type of disdain. Thus we can guess that Pip will eventually come to hate how judgmental he has become and that the older Pip believes the younger one should regard Joe in particular with more compassion.

Book 1, Chapter 13 Quotes

I was truly wretched, and had a strong conviction on me that I should never like Joe's trade. I had liked it once, but once was not now.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Joe Gargery
Page Number: 82
Explanation and Analysis:

Mrs. Joe organizes a dinner at the Blue Boar to celebrate Pip’s apprenticeship to Joe—and more specifically the twenty-five guineas offered by Miss Havisham. Pip is distraught at the event, observing that his grand hopes have been unfulfilled, and in fact have left him uninterested in pursuing work as a blacksmith.

Pip’s language here comes across as somewhat exaggerated and ungrateful. “Truly wretched” points both to how upset he is at the apprenticeship and to how his older self considers the reaction unreasonable. That he speaks in categorical statements such as “I should never like” shows a similar absolutist nature that ignores potentially positive aspects of the blacksmith profession. Nonetheless, it is evident that Pip’s experiences with Estella and Mrs. Havisham have left him dissatisfied with his simpler existence as a blacksmith’s apprentice. Pip is aware of how this change is both dependent on recent experiences—“I had liked it once”—and permanent—“I should never like.” That is to say, understanding the cause of his disillusionment is not sufficient to change it: having been opened to the social society of the upper class, he can no longer be satisfied without it.

The Blue Boar celebration thus marks a decisive moment that will reoccur in different ways throughout the novel. The widening of Pip’s “great expectations” only serves to make him less satisfied with his life. Dickens demonstrates how Pip’s development into a more experienced adult will not bring maturation, but rather an insatiable appetite for ever more status and wealth.

Book 1, Chapter 15 Quotes

I wanted to make Joe less ignorant and common, that he might be worthier of my society and less open to Estella's reproach.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Estella Havisham, Joe Gargery
Page Number: 84
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip begins to give Joe weekly lessons. While they might seem to come from a spirit of goodwill, he explains here that they are partially selfish: an effort to be less embarrassed by Joe in front of Estella.

Pip here adopts an increasingly judgmental and patronizing tone. He describes Joe as “ignorant and common” and positions himself as a kind educator. That Pip differentiates “my society” from Joe’s shows just how snobbishly distant he has become from his upbringing. Their respective societies, after all, are not yet different in any real way—but Pip feels them to be so, based off of his education and experiences with Miss Havisham and Estella. His distaste of Joe is thus twofold: the result of how he perceives Estella would react, as well as his own personal dissatisfaction at having to communicate with someone not worthy of his society. Beyond establishing Pip’s increased social snobbishness, Dickens stresses how extensively Pip’s recent experiences have corrupted his moral sensibilities: even actions that seem to be generous carry a hidden motive, predicting the frequent deceit Pip will encounter when he leaves for London later in the novel. There, a whole host of characters will pretend to aid each other with the actual goal of elevating themselves in society.

Miss Havisham and Estella and the strange house and the strange life appeared to have something to do with everything that was picturesque.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Estella Havisham, Miss Havisham
Related Symbols: Satis House
Page Number: 85
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip plans to visit Miss Havisham’s house (Statis House) after an extended absence. He reflects here on the way he continues to idealize the dwelling and those within it.

This description is deeply ironic in its use of the term “picturesque.” The term means, in a general sense, pretty or attractive, but it has a specific connotation of quaintness and delicacy. Recall that Satis House is decrepit, Miss Havisham is a deranged parody of upper class sensibilities, and Estella is a mean-spirited critic of Pip’s every action. None of this is particularly picturesque. Yet Pip reduces these qualities to the even-keeled word “strange,” thus focusing on their unusual and alluring nature, as opposed to what is actually quite negative about the strangeness.

The next phrase is similarly ambiguous. Instead of directly saying that he enjoys or idealizes their house and life, Pip obscures his point with a series of odd qualifiers. The helping verb “appeared” indicates that they are not actually picturesque, and the phrase “something to do with everything” marks the fragility of this relationship. Thus Dickens shows how deeply Pip’s assessments of upper class life have been warped by his emotional connection to Miss Havisham and particularly Estella. He is unable to actually observe what is picturesque or not—and he can only form bizarre connections based on his intuitive attraction to their lifestyle.

Book 1, Chapter 18 Quotes

…as Joe and Biddy became more at their cheerful ease again, I became quite gloomy. Dissatisfied with my fortune, of course I could not be; but it is possible that I may have been, without quite knowing it, dissatisfied with myself.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Joe Gargery, Biddy
Page Number: 112
Explanation and Analysis:

When Pip learns he has come into a great fortune due to an anonymous benefactor, he is at first thrilled. But as the hubbub about the announcement settles down, he grows oddly depressed by how he has responded the events.

Dickens again makes use of the dissonance between the younger and older Pips’ perspectives. The first only experiences the feeling of being “gloomy” and remains unable to pinpoint any precise reason, whereas the older Pip attempts to determine what might be causing the gloominess. He logically rules out that he is “dissatisfied with my fortune” and thus guesses that the frustration is rather with “myself.” The text thus stresses that mental states are determined less by external events or social status and more by self-perception. By all accounts, Pip should be thrilled, and his negative mood predicts the way self-disgust will haunt him throughout the novel.

The passage also indicates that Pip struggles with introspection: he senses a feeling of gloominess, but he is unable to pin it to its source. And even the wise, older Pip cannot quite pin down the origin, as there is an uncertainty conveyed in the phrases “it is possible” and “I may have been.” Thus while Dickens’ narrative structure offers the benefit of elder Pip’s wisdom, the text also clearly maintains that retrospection can only grant partial clarity into one’s mental state. 

Book 1, Chapter 19 Quotes

As I passed the church, I felt…a sublime compassion for the poor creatures who were destined to go there, Sunday after Sunday, all their lives through, and to lie obscurely at last among the low green mounds. I promised myself that I would do something for them one of these days, and formed a plan in outline for bestowing a dinner of roast beef and plum pudding, a pint of ale, and a gallon of condescension upon everybody in the village.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker)
Page Number: 114
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip walks through the marshes and thinks proudly of his new place above the other inhabitants of his town. He declares that he will return and give them a large feast.

This passage shows just how radically Pip’s image of himself has been warped by his new possession of money. He casts those he grew up with to be “poor creatures” and suddenly considers himself to be their future benefactor—even though he has only just received money himself. Though Pip’s action might seem generous when he describes “bestowing a dinner,” the detail of “a gallon of condescension” explicitly marks his viewpoint to be rude and judgmental. That phrase is, presumably, crafted by the retrospective Pip narrator judging his own youthful fantasies, but in any case it serves to show just how pompous Pip has become.

Dickens renders these thoughts particularly odious by placing them in the moment when Pip “passed the church.” He juxtaposes Pip’s pride with the values of spiritual modesty that he should presumably be taking from a religious upbringing. Furthermore, Pip’s pity at the idea that they “lie obscurely at last among the low green mounds” implies that Pip believes that members of the upper class somehow escape the fate of dying and being forgotten. He believes, at this point, that being famous and living an extravagant life in London will allow him to escape the monotony of merely attending Church until one’s death. These actions and life cycles, however, are universal—and Pip’s assumption he can escape the mortality at the core of humanity points to just how extensively he has idealized the benefits of wealth.

"Oh, there are many kinds of pride," said Biddy, looking full at me and shaking her head; "Pride is not all of one kind…[Joe] may be too proud to let any one take him out of a place that he is competent to fill, and fills well and with respect."

Related Characters: Biddy (speaker), Pip Pirrip, Joe Gargery
Page Number: 116
Explanation and Analysis:

Biddy and Pip quarrel here about the nature and value of Joe’s profession. In response to Pip’s continued condescension, Biddy points out that there is merit in the way Joe comports himself.

When Biddy says, “there are many kinds of pride,” she is implicitly criticizing how Pip has formed one clear hierarchy of people and professions based on wealth. For Pip, pride is equivalent to the haughtiness permitted by holding a superior social position, but Biddy argues that there are a variety of different forms. She offers Joe’s pride as an example: his is the result of recognizing the best place for himself in the social environment and remaining steadfast in that position. This, she implies, conveys both strength—for it resists the efforts to “take him out of a place”—and self-awareness—for it correctly determines that place which “he is competent to fill.”

That Joe also “fills well and with respect” stresses that he is not only an acceptable blacksmith, but a talented one—and above all one with integrity and care for his profession. Pip, on the other hand, is pursuing a social sphere for which he is deeply unprepared, and his critical stance on himself and those around him means that he does not fill his role “with respect.” In making such insightful comments, Biddy shows herself to be surprisingly aware of the difficulties Pip will face upon going to London. Just as pride is multifaceted, Dickens implies, mental insight like Biddy’s can be found in a variety of forms across many classes.

Book 2, Chapter 23 Quotes

…[Mrs. Pocket] had grown up highly ornamental, but perfectly helpless and useless.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Mrs. Pocket
Page Number: 147
Explanation and Analysis:

When Pip is visiting the Pockets, he observes the deep incompetence of Mrs. Pocket. He attributes this to her upbringing, in which her father—incessantly proud of his title—refused to let her learn any practical skills.

Mrs. Pocket’s character forefronts an important division in England society: the social change from hereditary aristocracy to the Victorian world of industrialism and capitalism. Whereas before Mrs. Pocket’s “highly ornamental” nature would have been appropriate given her title, it now marks her as passive and out of step with the times. By disparaging her for being “helpless and useless,” Pip shows himself to value pragmatism and self-sufficiency. Recall that Miss Havisham’s wealth itself is the result of her father’s enterprising brewery, while Provis’s similarly comes from a committed work ethic. Thus while Pip may idealize the upper classes, this passage clarifies the specific qualities of the class he finds praiseworthy: it is no longer titled members of the aristocracy, but rather those who have been bestowed with economic and social power due to the new capitalist society.

Book 2, Chapter 27 Quotes

"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say, and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a whitesmith, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith. Divisions among such must come, and must be met as they come. If there's been any fault at all to-day, it's mine. You and me is not two figures to be together in London; nor yet anywheres else but what is private, and beknown, an understood among friends. It ain't that I am proud, but that I want to be right, as you shall never see me no more in these clothes. I'm wrong in these clothes. I'm wrong out of the forge, the kitchen, or off th'meshes. You won't find half so much fault in me if you think of me in my forge dress, with my hammer in my hand, or even my pipe."

Related Characters: Joe Gargery (speaker), Pip Pirrip
Page Number: 175
Explanation and Analysis:

During Joe's visit Pip is deeply embarrassed about the differences between their social classes. Yet when Joe, while departing, gives this moving speech, he shows himself to be aware of Pip’s fears—and to have accepted their separate positions.

Joe’s speech is marked, first and foremost, by a sense of submission: his worldview places people in specific roles—from blacksmith to coppersmith—that define them and that will inevitably lead to “divisions.” Yet whereas Pip would see these divisions as negative, and himself seeks to escape his personal history, Joe accepts them as his destiny. In particular, he rejects the social symbols—the garments of “these clothes” and the physical location “out of the forge, the kitchen, or off th’meshes”—that do not correctly conform to his self-assigned social position. The passage recalls Biddy’s earlier description of Joe’s pride as a pride that knows its location in the world and embraces it full-heartedly—as well as Mr. Pocket’s attitude that the flaws in wood should not be covered up with varnish.

Joe seems to have rather rapidly come to a similar conclusion—though he couches it in less ornate language—when he says that his normal appearance would cause Pip to not “find half so much fault.” Dickens thus further positions Joe as the wise, moral center of the tale: he is neither impressed nor corrupted by coming into contact with the wealth of London, but rather notices how it is artificial and does not match his natural identity.

Book 2, Chapter 32 Quotes

…how strange it was that I should be encompassed by all this taint of prison and crime; that, in my childhood out on our lonely marshes on a winter evening, I should have first encountered it; that it should have reappeared on two occasions, starting out like a stain that was faded but not gone; that it should in this new way pervade my fortune and advancement.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker)
Page Number: 207
Explanation and Analysis:

Pip visits Newgate Prison and is highly disturbed by the presence of the convicts. Later, he is disheartened by how often he has come into contact with criminals.

This passage reiterates that Pip thinks of social relations in terms of contamination: just as he is constantly anxious that associations with Joe will cause others to look down on him, he worries that these repeated run-ins with criminals are a “stain” on his identity. Indeed, that he feels “encompassed by all this taint” shows how he sees himself as uniquely surrounded by unlawfulness. And the fact that he traces it back to his “childhood” and then to “two occasions” casts Pip as detective or interpreter of his own story, revealing how carefully he watches his own actions in terms of how others may perceive them.

His paranoid personality seems, at first glance, entirely irrational, for no one except Pip would be able to track these repeated encounters. Yet Pip’s comment is also quite astute, for it foreshadows how his entire life has been built on the crimes of his benefactor Provis: it is no coincidence that his “fortune and advancement” are associated with a “stain,” for they are actually the direct result of crime. Dickens places Pip, then, in a similar role as the reader of the novel—collecting repeated images and events throughout the protagonist's life and trying to divine how they will affect his future.

Book 2, Chapter 33 Quotes

"We have no choice, you and I, but to obey our instructions. We are not free to follow our own devices, you and I."

Related Characters: Estella Havisham (speaker), Pip Pirrip
Page Number: 207
Explanation and Analysis:

Contrary to Pip’s hopes, Estella still remains extremely distant. Here she summons their need to remain separate and conform to social mandates instead of personal desires.

Her ambiguous comment has a series of different interpretive layers. In the most direct sense, she means that in the moment they must take the carriage at once to Richmond. More broadly, she implies that Miss Havisham has selected a destiny for her in Richmond that leaves her “no choice” as to who she will marry—or who she will be close to. Both characters must “obey [the] instructions” of their benefactors and are therefore unable to follow their “own devices.” More broadly, the line speaks to the way all the characters of the novel are enmeshed in their social systems, leaving them with relatively pre-determined and pre-scripted lives. Estella’s comment taunts Pip precisely because it speaks to both their banal social interaction and to a fundamental issue of human free will.

Yet while Estella’s tone is cold, she also makes a notable attempt to parallel her and Pip’s experiences. Before, Pip has been distraught that he and Estella lead different lives, and he desperately wishes to inhabit her same social sphere. Her comment seems to indicate that he has succeeded—particularly due to the way she follows each clause that begins with “We” with the reiterating “you and I.” Estella insists on equating them in the style of her sentence, even as the meaning of the sentence stresses how they must remain separate. Dickens suggests that the characters are united, oddly, precisely in the way they are both socially contained.

Book 3, Chapter 44 Quotes

"Miss Havisham gives you to him as the greatest slight and injury that could be done to the many far better men who admire you, and to the few who truly love you. Among those few, there may be one who loves you even as dearly, though he has not loved you as long as I. Take him, and I can bear it better for your sake."

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Estella Havisham, Miss Havisham, Bentley Drummle
Page Number: 284
Explanation and Analysis:

When Pip finally confronts Miss Havisham and Estella at Satis House, he expresses his deep love for Estella. He begs her not to marry Drummle, but rather to select someone who truly cares for her.

This passage characterizes Pip’s increasingly selfless behavior. He does not phrase his criticism of Drummel in terms of personal motivation, but rather is perturbed by how it is “the greatest slight and jury” to a variety of “far better men.” That is to say, Pip is more concerned with the theoretical ethics of Miss Havisham’s cruel act than with his own desires to be with Estella. Though he reiterates his love, he actually points out that “there may be one who loves you even as dearly”—thus accepting both that he will not marry Estella and that someone else may have sentiments that equal his own. Pleading that she “take him” thus reflects an entirely earnest wish that Estella be happy in her marriage, whether or not it's to Pip.

Pip’s moving speech is thus an affront to Miss Havisham in two ways: first, because it directly criticizes her actions for how cruel they are to Estella and other men, and second because it expresses an entirely honest, selfless, and non-manipulative sentiment. Miss Havisham has taught Estella to be cruel partly out of a world-view that love is empty and disingenuous, but Pip’s wish that Estella be happy above all expresses a true and total love—providing the counterexample to Miss Havisham’s beliefs. Though his love for Estella has previously driven Pip to deceptive and crooked actions, here it causes him to act fully nobly—a critical indicator of his personal development.

Book 3, Chapter 55 Quotes

For now my repugnance to [Provis] had all melted away, and in the hunted wounded shackled creature who held my hand in his, I only saw a man who had meant to be my benefactor, and who had felt affectionately, gratefully, and generously towards me with great constancy through a series of years. I only saw in him a much better man than I had been to Joe.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Provis (a.k.a. Abel Magwitch) (a.k.a. the convict), Joe Gargery
Page Number: 350
Explanation and Analysis:

After Provis is imprisoned, Pip’s attitude toward his benefactor continues to become more favorable. He sees him, at last, in a positive, grateful light and without the critical lens of class consciousness that has previously clouded this view.

Whereas before, Provis’s lowly status had been a constant source of anxiety for Pip, here his weakness actually becomes a source of endearment. Though Pip describes his as a “hunted wounded shackled creature”—highlighting the qualities of subservience and weakness—these are no longer character criticisms. That Pip can still identify these qualities without holding a disposition of “repugnance” demonstrates how they are not inherently deplorable features, but rather become so only under an ungrateful eye. Pip transitions into the more grateful perspective, causing him to see that Provis has acted “affectionately, gratefully, and generously.”

Even more importantly, Pip is able to transfer this realization to his readings of other characters. His reference to Joe implies that this new view of Provis applies to people from his home and expresses a belief that he should not have treated Joe with such condescension. Dickens thus portrays a complete transformation in the way Pip thinks about his relationships: from valuing only class distinctions to finding fulfillment in genuineness and care.

Book 3, Chapter 58 Quotes

…the wonderful difference between the servile manner in which [Mr. Pumblechook] had offered his hand in my new prosperity, saying, "May I?" and the ostentatious clemency with which he had just now exhibited the same fat five fingers.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Mr. Pumblechook (a.k.a. Uncle Pumblechook)
Page Number: 372
Explanation and Analysis:

When Pip returns to his village after losing his fortunes, he is treated with remarkable disdain. He observes how differently Mr. Pumblechook greets him this visit in comparison to to when Pip had just come into wealth.

Earlier, Mr. Pumblechook’s behavior was characterized by servility and politeness. The phrase, “May I?” expressed a subservience to Pip, in which Pip’s consent would be required to shake hands. In contrast, now Pumblechook acts with “ostentatious clemency”: an odd combination of terms. Though “clemency” means compassion, “ostentatious” presents Pumblechook’s behavior as overly ornate and false, so his supposed kindness is overwrought and ironic rather than earnest. (Note that Dickens cleverly makes the phrase “ostentatious clemency” itself ostentatious, causing the linguistic form to parallel the content!).

Though Pumblechook’s physical identity has not changed—with “the same fat five fingers”—Pip is now adept enough at reading social codes to see how differently those fingers operate. Though one might expect Pip to be distraught at this new treatment, he actually finds it be a “wonderful difference.” This phrase expresses a certain delight at how dissimilar the two sets of reactions have been. Having gone through a full cycle of fortune and poverty, Pip has become adept at noticing how variantly he is treated, and he relishes in assessing how false others’ actions can be. Dickens implies that noticing the emptiness of a social exchange offers a certain kind of mental emancipation for Pip. 

Dear Joe, I hope you will have children to love, and that some little fellow will sit in this chimney-corner, of a winter night, who may remind you of another little fellow gone out of it forever. Don't tell him, Joe, that I was thankless; don't tell him, Biddy, that I was ungenerous and unjust; only tell him that I honoured you both because you were both so good and true, and that, as your child, I said it would be natural to him to grow up a much better man than I did.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Joe Gargery, Biddy
Page Number: 376
Explanation and Analysis:

Joe and Biddy have just been married, and Pip gives this moving speech as he prepares to depart. He asks that they not tell their children of Pip’s previous selfishness, but rather only use him as a way to reiterate the goodness of Joe and Biddy.

Pip first compares himself to Joe’s future child, referring to his younger self as “another little fellow.” We have a glimpse here of the way Pip will retroactively narrativize his life through the novel—as well as the confirmation that Joe has been Pip’s father figure and mentor throughout the text. He subtly adds the descriptor “gone out of it forever” to show that he does not intend to return soon to their lives, finally separating in the way Joe had long said they must.

Pip then uses the figure of their hypothetical child to make his final request: he does not want his legacy to be a tale of “thankless” actions “ungenerous and unjust”—which implicitly acknowledges that he has been all these things—for these memories would not actually serve their child’s development. Rather, he wishes for evil to be scrubbed entirely from the tales the child will be told, and for Pip to become a mere foil to highlight how “good and true” Joe and Biddy are. This wish implicitly targets those in the novel—such as Miss Havisham and Mr. Jaggers—who have sought to cultivate and investigate the qualities of evil and selfishness. Miss Havisham, after all, explicitly raised Estella amidst memories of injustice, and thus Pip’s final lesson is an implicit renunciation of what she has done. He hopes that eliminating his misdeeds rather than recounting them will allow Joe and Biddy’s child to have a purer life.

We owed so much to Herbert's ever cheerful industry and readiness that I often wondered how I had conceived the old idea of his inaptitude, until I was one day enlightened by the reflection that perhaps the inaptitude had never been in him at all, but had been in me.

Related Characters: Pip Pirrip (speaker), Herbert Pocket (a.k.a. the pale young gentleman)
Page Number: 377
Explanation and Analysis:

After moving to Cairo to work in the same firm as Herbert and experiencing a much-improved financial condition, Pip wonders how he could have doubted Herbert’s economic aptitudes. He concludes that their earlier struggles with money were likely his own fault.

As has become characteristic in these final chapters, Pip revises his earlier critical opinion, and places the blame for past negative events onto himself. The “inaptitude” that he believed Herbert to have with financial matters “had been” in himself the entire time. This realization does not come immediately, but rather through slow, ever-difficult introspection. First, Pip observes the fact that Herbert is essential to the company’s success. Then, he “often wondered” about his earlier beliefs, demonstrating a period of analysis and “reflection.” Finally, he arrives at the conclusion in the sentence “I was one day enlightened.”

Dickens demonstrates that Pip has become increasingly capable of introspection—of interrogating which of his perceptions are reasonable and which have been clouded by selfishness or prejudice. In particular, this process tends to shift guilt from others onto himself. Maturity, for Pip, no longer means social ascent but rather the ability to carefully reflect and to hold oneself accountable for one’s behaviors and beliefs.

Book 3, Chapter 59 Quotes

"…now, when suffering has been stronger than all other teaching, and has taught me to understand what your heart used to be. I have been bent and broken, but – I hope – into a better shape."

Related Characters: Estella Havisham (speaker), Pip Pirrip
Page Number: 380
Explanation and Analysis:

In the novel’s final scene, Pip and Estella reunite at the remnants of Satis House. Estella comments on her tortuous marriage with Drummle and how it has changed her character deeply from the one that Miss Havisham crafted years before.

Estella juxtaposes two forms of teaching: the “suffering” she experienced in her marriage and “all other teaching” that had been provided by Miss Havisham. Whereas the second type had given her an emotionally-vacant heart of ice, the first has allowed her to make sense of human emotions. Evidently, Estella has experienced great physical and/or psychological abuse, implied by the phrase “bent and broken,” which can operate both literally and metaphorically. Like Pip, she has gone through a period of maturation and learning and come to reject her colder, judgmental personality. Dickens portrays their journeys as parallel ones, indicating they may finally come together at the novel’s end.

Yet while Estella considers these experiences to have improved her character, she continues to use oddly-aloof language. She considers herself “a better shape,” a phrase that makes her a tool, much as Miss Havisham always had. And she is able only to “understand” Pip’s heart, not actually reciprocate or feel the emotions. It remains unclear, then, whether the two will actually unite, but Dickens at the very least affirms how their parallel sufferings have brought them together at last.

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Pip Pirrip Character Timeline in Great Expectations

The timeline below shows where the character Pip Pirrip appears in Great Expectations. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Book 1, Chapter 1
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Pip, the narrator of the novel, explains that his full name is Philip Pirrip, but that... (full context)
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On the dreary afternoon of Christmas Eve, 1860, Pip sits sadly in the churchyard outside town where his parents and siblings are buried. Suddenly... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 2
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When Pip returns home, his uncle Joe, the blacksmith, warns Pip that Pip's sister, Mrs. Joe, has... (full context)
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...tea and, fearing he may not be able to steal enough food from the pantry, Pip resolves to save his bread and butter for the convict in spite of his own... (full context)
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Just as Pip is climbing up to bed, he hears the sound of great guns fired. When Joe... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 3
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Pip runs out onto the marshes in the mist of Christmas dawn to meet the convict,... (full context)
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Flustered by fear, Pip accidentally runs in the wrong direction and instead of reaching the Battery where the convict... (full context)
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Pip, afraid the convict may not leave enough food to satisfy the young man he thinks... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 4
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Pip returns home from the marshes and lies about where he's been, telling Mrs. Joe that... (full context)
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Pip is tormented throughout the church service by remorse at having stolen from the pantry and... (full context)
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Throughout the meal, Pip is terrified that his pantry theft will be discovered. When Mrs. Joe offers Uncle Pumblechook... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 5
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...the soldiers mill about the house, to everyone's excitement. Everybody drinks together in good cheer. Pip observes that his convict has improved the party as everyone is entertained by anticipation of... (full context)
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Mr. Wopsle, Joe, and Pip follow the soldiers out into the wet, cold, misty marshes while Pip, confessing to Joe... (full context)
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Before they begin marching, Pip's convict notices Pip and Pip, shaking his head to try to convey his own innocence,... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 6
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On the way back to the forge with Joe and Mr. Wopsle, Pip is relieved that the convict has taken the blame for his theft and does not... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 7
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The narrative jumps ahead in time. Pip is a few years older and has begun attending a low-tuition evening school in the... (full context)
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Pip asks Joe whether Joe went to school and Joe says he didn't and begins to... (full context)
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...and Uncle Pumblechook burst in after a day at the market and excitedly explain that Pip has been asked to play at the house of Miss Havisham, Uncle Pumblechook's rich landlady... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 8
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At Uncle Pumblechook's house in town, Pip notes that all the town's merchants and craftsmen seem to spend more time watching one... (full context)
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Pip knocks and enters a room lit only by candlelight. Miss Havisham, an old woman in... (full context)
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After they finish playing cards, Miss Havisham tells Pip to return in six days and sends the children away for a snack. Pip feels... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 9
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Upon returning home, Pip is barraged with questions about Miss Havisham by Mrs. Joe and Uncle Pumblechook, who has... (full context)
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Later, Pip confesses privately to Joe that the story was a lie. Joe is aghast and asks... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 10
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Determined to be "uncommon," Pip decides a few days later to achieve his goal by becoming educated and asks Biddy... (full context)
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After school, Pip goes to meet Joe at the village public house, the Three Jolly Bargeman. He finds... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 11
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Pip returns to Miss Havisham's the next week and is told by Estella to wait in... (full context)
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Miss Havisham has Pip call for Estella who comes with Camilla, Sarah Pocket, Georgiana, and Raymond following behind her.... (full context)
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Pip and Estella play cards and Miss Havisham points out Estella's beauty. Pip wanders out onto... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 12
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During the next week, Pip is anxious that he will be punished for hurting the pale young gentleman in their... (full context)
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That day at Miss Havisham's, Pip agrees to return every other day to walk her or wheel her in a chair.... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 13
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Next day, Joe and Pip set off for Miss Havisham's. Mrs. Joe has insisted on walking to town with them... (full context)
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Pip and Joe leave Miss Havisham's and walk to Uncle Pumblechook's where Mrs. Joe has been... (full context)
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Uncle Pumblechook, Joe, and Mrs. Joe hurry Pip to the Town Hall to be officially bound as Joe's apprentice, a procedure that must... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 14
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Pip is miserable in his apprenticeship to Joe, internally tormented by the "commonness" of his home,... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 15
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Pip is getting too big for the village evening school and must stop going, reluctantly concluding... (full context)
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During one of these lessons, Pip proposes to Joe that he pay a visit to Miss Havisham. Joe is skeptical, thinking... (full context)
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...(who lies to the village and tells them his Christian name is "Dolge") hears about Pip's half-holiday and angrily demands one for himself. When Joe assents, Mrs. Joe (who has been... (full context)
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Pip anxiously walks to town to visit Miss Havisham and is lead upstairs by Sarah Pocket,... (full context)
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In town, Pip runs into Mr. Wopsle who is on his way to Uncle Pumblechook's for a reading... (full context)
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On the misty walk back to the village late that night, Mr. Wopsle and Pip discover Orlick under the turnpike house. He says he has spent his half-holiday in town... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 16
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That night, Pip is convinced he himself must have had something to do with the crime against Mrs.... (full context)
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...interpret a sign that Mrs. Joe has written over and over on her slate to Pip and Joe's confusion: she asks for Orlick. Orlick is fetched and slouches over to a... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 17
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Pip persists in the same routines, varied only by a birthday visit to Miss Havisham's where... (full context)
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On their walk, Pip confesses to Biddy his dissatisfaction with the blacksmith trade and his wish to be a... (full context)
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Pip cries and Biddy comforts him and tells him she is glad that Pip feels he... (full context)
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...Orlick appears out of nowhere and tries to walk them home but Biddy whispers to Pip not to let him, saying she doesn't like him. Pip and Biddy walk alone with... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 18
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It is now four years into Pip's apprenticeship. Pip and Joe are gathered with a group at the Three Jolly Bargeman listening... (full context)
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The stranger requests a private conference with Joe and Pip, who, bewildered, follow the man into a parlor. Pip recognizes the stranger as the man... (full context)
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Joe and Pip return to the forge separately. Pip breaks a tense silence to tell Biddy the news.... (full context)
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Pip goes to bed and surveys his "mean little room" that he will soon be "raised... (full context)
Book 1, Chapter 19
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Pip rises the next morning in a brighter mood and, after church, takes a farewell walk... (full context)
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Pip lies down at the battery and falls asleep, daydreaming of Estella. Pip is awakened by... (full context)
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Pip regrets that Joe didn't get a chance to learn more in their lessons. Joe disagrees,... (full context)
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Next day, Pip goes to the tailor, Mr. Trabb, to have clothes made. Upon hearing that Pip has... (full context)
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After completing his shopping, Pip goes to see Mr. Pumblechook, who, to Pip's great pleasure, tells Pip how deserved Pip's... (full context)
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The day before leaving for London, Pip visits Miss Havisham to say goodbye. He is escorted inside by Sarah Pocket. Miss Havisham... (full context)
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Joe, Biddy, and Pip are all sad at Pip's departure. Pip has asked Joe not to walk with him... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 20
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Pip arrives in gritty, dirty London and goes to Mr. Jaggers' office in Little Britain. The... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 21
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Wemmick walks Pip to Barnard's Inn and Pip observes his wooden features and all the little tokens of... (full context)
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Pip is appalled by the dismal state of Barnard's Inn, which is sooty, rotting, and infested.... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 22
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Pip is immediately struck by Herbert's open, kind personality. He explains his background and asks Herbert... (full context)
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Herbert concludes by telling Pip that he has revealed everything he knows about Miss Havisham. He promises that nothing shall... (full context)
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..."a capitalist—an insurer of ships," though he is currently working unpaid in a counting house. Pip privately suspects that Herbert will never succeed in business. (full context)
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The next day, Herbert takes Pip to Matthew Pocket's house in the countryside outside London. There, they meet Mrs. Pocket reading... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 23
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Pip learns that Mrs. Pocket is the only daughter of a deceased knight who, though poor,... (full context)
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A harried but unaffected Mr. Pocket shows Pip his room and introduces him to fellow students Bentley Drummle, an heir to a baronetcy,... (full context)
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After dinner (lunch), Bentley Drummle and Startop go rowing and Pip, wanting to be trained in this genteel sport, hires someone to train him, though he... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 24
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Several days later, Mr. Pocket tells Pip that he's been told by Mr. Jaggers that Pip is not to be trained for... (full context)
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Pip decides to rent one of Herbert's rooms in Barnard's Inn for variety and for the... (full context)
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After dispensing his money, Wemmick gives Pip a tour of Mr. Jaggers office and Pip sees four other shabby clerks and learns... (full context)
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Wemmick invites Pip to visit him at home in Walworth. He also warns Pip that, if he ever... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 25
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Pip describes his peers, Bentley Drummle and Startop. Bentley Drummle is stupid, "idle, proud, niggardly, reserved,... (full context)
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A few weeks later, Pip arranges to take Wemmick up on his dinner invitation to Walworth. They meet at Mr.... (full context)
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Pip and Wemmick walk to Walworth, which is an eccentric, tiny imitation-Gothic cottage with a drawbridge,... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 26
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That morning, Mr. Jaggers invites Pip along with Drummle, Startop, and Herbert to dinner the next day. Mr. Jaggers house is... (full context)
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Mr. Jaggers only servant is his housekeeper, Molly, whom Wemmick has urged Pip to take note of. She is a quiet, witch-like woman with streaming hair, completely submissive... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 27
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Pip receives a letter from Biddy informing him that Joe is travelling to London the next... (full context)
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When Joe arrives, Pip is painfully aware of his country manners, awkward clothes, and discomfort. Joe calls Pip Ôsir'... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 28
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Pip arranges to return to the village the next day but makes excuses to himself to... (full context)
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On the coach to his town, Pip rides with two convicts, one of which Pip recognizes as the man he met at... (full context)
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At the Blue Boar, Pip reads Mr. Pumblechook's thinly disguised article in the local newspaper crediting himself as Pip's mentor,... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 29
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Going to Miss Havisham's the next morning, Pip is surprised to find Orlick employed as the porter to protect the house from convicts... (full context)
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Pip and Estella walk in the garden and recount old times. Estella notes the changes in... (full context)
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Back in the house, Miss Havisham speaks frenziedly to Pip about Estella, telling him to "...love her, love her!" no matter how Estella hurts him.... (full context)
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Mr. Jaggers has come by on business and he, Miss Havisham, Sarah Pocket, Estella, and Pip have dinner together. Mr. Jaggers is unaffected by Estella's beauty and ignores her. Pip is... (full context)
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...he falls asleep at the Blue Boar, Miss Havisham's injunction to "love her!" resounds in Pip's mind and he feels grateful, convinced that Miss Havisham is his patron and that Estella... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 30
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Pip suggests to Mr. Jaggers that Orlick can't be trusted as Miss Havisham's porter. Mr. Jaggers... (full context)
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While walking through town, Pip runs into Trabb's Boy, who follows Pip throughout the town making fun of him by... (full context)
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Pip takes the coach back to London and, immediately upon arrival, sends "a penitential codfish and... (full context)
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Back at Barnard's Inn, Pip tells Herbert about his love for Estella and is shocked to hear Herbert already intuited... (full context)
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Changing the subject, Herbert confides to Pip that he himself is secretly engaged to Clara, the daughter of a ship's steward who... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 31
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Having come across the playbill for Mr. Wopsle's production of Hamlet in his pocket, Pip and Herbert go that night to see the play. The production is ridiculously bad, with... (full context)
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Pip and Herbert try to duck out after without seeing Mr. Wopsle, but he spots them... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 32
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Pip receives a note from Estella informing him that she is coming to London and that... (full context)
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While he's waiting, Pip bumps into Wemmick who invites Pip to come along to Newgate Prison. Pip notes that... (full context)
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Back at the coach station, Pip is disturbed by the constant "taint" of criminals and prisons in his life, starting with... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 33
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Upon meeting Pip, Estella is all business, informing him he must procure her some tea and accompany her... (full context)
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At tea, Estella tells Pip that Sarah Pocket, Georgiana, Camilla, and Raymond resent Pip and are futilely trying to damage... (full context)
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Pip leaves Estella in Richmond, and imagines how happy he would be if he lived with... (full context)
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When he returns to the Pockets house at Hammersmith, Pip finds Mr. Pocket is out lecturing. Mr. Pocket is a famously respected lecturer on household... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 34
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Taking his coming wealth (i.e. his "expectations") for granted, Pip keeps spending extravagantly and inspires Herbert to as well. The two go into debt. They... (full context)
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After one such evening of adding up debts, Pip receives a letter signed Trabb & Co. informing him that Mrs. Joe has died and... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 35
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The next week Pip comes to the forge for the funeral. The house has been showily decorated by Mr.... (full context)
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After the ceremony, Pip delights Joe by asking to sleep in his childhood room. He scolds Biddy in private... (full context)
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Pip asks to hear the particulars of Mrs. Joe's death and Biddy tells him her last... (full context)
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Biddy tells Pip how much Joe loves him. Pip tells Biddy he will visit the forge often in... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 36
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Pip comes of age (turns 21) and is called to Mr. Jaggers' office. Expecting to be... (full context)
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In the outer office, Pip privately proposes to Wemmick that Pip invest money in Herbert's career. Wemmick objects vehemently to... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 37
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The next Sunday afternoon, Pip goes to Walworth to hear Wemmick's "Walworth sentiments." While waiting for Wemmick to return home... (full context)
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Pip and Wemmick stroll around the property to discuss Pip's question. Pip describes his wish to... (full context)
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Pip stays at the castle for a cozy tea with Wemmick, Miss Skiffins, and the Aged.... (full context)
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Wemmick carries out Pip's plan, meeting with him again several times at Walworth and in London (though never in... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 38
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Still lovesick for Estella, Pip visits her often at Richmond. Pip is on more familiar terms with Estella than her... (full context)
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One day, Estella informs Pip that Miss Havisham has asked him to escort her to Satis House. There, Miss Havisham... (full context)
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Later in the visit, Pip witnesses Miss Havisham and Estella argue for the first time in his presence. When Estella... (full context)
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At a Finches of the Grove meeting some time later, Drummle tells Pip that he has made the acquaintance of Estella. Pip hotly contests it and challenges Drummle... (full context)
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When Pip confesses to Estella that he is jealous of the attention she gives Drummle, Estella asks... (full context)
Book 2, Chapter 39
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Pip is now twenty-three. He has left Mr. Pocket's classes behind and studies on his own... (full context)
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The convict reveals that he is Pip's patron. Pip is speechless with horror and nearly faints. The convict, meanwhile, explains how he... (full context)
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The convict asks Pip to help him hide. He explains that he has sailed to London illegally, having run... (full context)
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Pip stays up late trying to process the news. He is devastated to realize that Miss... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 40
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The next morning, Pip decides to tell his maids and the Temple watchman that the convict is his uncle.... (full context)
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Over breakfast, Pip is disgusted by the convict's crude table manners. He asks the convict about the man... (full context)
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Pip is distressed and demands to know the convict's plans. The convict explains he plans to... (full context)
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Pip stops by Mr. Jaggers office to ask if the news he's heard is true. Mr.... (full context)
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Pip buys Provis new clothes to wear but observes that Provis' past "gave him a savage... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 41
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Pip escorts Provis back to a room he has rented for him and returns to the... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 42
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At breakfast the next day, Pip and Herbert ask Provis to recount his past. Provis grew up as an orphan on... (full context)
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...Provis without realizing Provis was already on shore. After hearing of "the other man" from Pip, Provis found Compeyson and beat him up, determined to drag him back to prison at... (full context)
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Herbert passes Pip a note telling him that Miss Havisham's brother's name was Arthur and that her devious... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 43
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Pip resolves to see Estella and Miss Havisham before he invites Provis to go abroad (on... (full context)
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Pip travels back to the village to visit Satis House and is surprised to run into... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 44
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Pip goes to Satis House and explains to Miss Havisham and Estella that he has met... (full context)
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Pip tells Miss Havisham that Matthew and Herbert Pocket, unlike her other relations, are upright and... (full context)
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Pip professes his love for Estella and explains he has long refrained from courting her directly... (full context)
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When Pip confronts Estella about Drummle, she tells Pip she is going to marry Drummle. In despair,... (full context)
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Utterly dejected, Pip walks all the way back to London to be alone. At the gate to his... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 45
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Pip spends an anxious, sleepless night at a hotel. In the morning, he goes to Walworth... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 46
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That night, Pip goes to Clara's apartment and meets Herbert, who explains that the racket upstairs comes from... (full context)
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Pip and Herbert go upstairs to Provis' rooms, rented under the name of "Mr. Campbell". When... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 47
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Pip passes several anxious weeks heartbroken by Estella and worried about Provis. Deeply in debt, Pip... (full context)
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Pip frequently rows on the river. Coming back on shore one night near Mr. Wopsle's theater,... (full context)
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After the show, Mr. Wopsle approaches Pip and tells him that the other convict from the marshes (Compeyson) has been sitting behind... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 48
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Coming ashore one night a week later, Pip runs into Mr. Jaggers, who invites Pip home to dinner with him and Wemmick. Mr.... (full context)
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Watching Molly wait on them, Pip suddenly realizes to his amazement that she is the person Estella has continually reminded him... (full context)
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Walking alone with Wemmick after dinner, Pip finds out that Wemmick has never seen Estella and asks Wemmick to recount Molly's history.... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 49
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Next day, Pip visits Miss Havisham, who is melancholy and distracted and tells him she wants to show... (full context)
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Showing tender concern for Pip's unhappiness, Miss Havisham hopes Pip will someday be able to write out "I forgive her"... (full context)
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Miss Havisham kneels at Pip's feet crying "What have I done!" She tells him that witnessing him profess his true... (full context)
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Pip asks about Estella's past. Miss Havisham tells him Mr. Jaggers brought Estella to Satis House... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 50
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Pip realizes that Provis is Estella's father and tells Herbert. (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 51
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Pip goes to Mr. Jagger's office and collects Miss Havisham's money for Herbert. Pip tells Mr.... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 52
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A few weeks pass until, one Monday morning, Pip receives a letter from Wemmick insinuating that it might be possible to escape with Provis... (full context)
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After Pip goes out to secure passports, he comes home to a threatening anonymous letter telling him... (full context)
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In the village, Pip stays at an inn where he isn't known. The oblivious landlord tells Pip Uncle Pumblechook's... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 53
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That night Pip walks out onto the marshes where he is ambushed by Orlick and tied up. Orlick... (full context)
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Orlick tells Pip that he now works for Compeyson, who is going to make sure to get rid... (full context)
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As Orlick readies his stone hammer to strike, Pip screams and Trabb's Boy, Herbert, and Startop rush in to tackle Orlick and rescue Pip.... (full context)
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When Pip recounts Orlick's story, Herbert wants to go immediately to the magistrate and get out a... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 54
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Wednesday morning, Pip, Herbert, and Startop pick up Provis in the boat and head upriver. The boys are... (full context)
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Next morning, Pip, Herbert, Startop, and Provis row further upriver, meeting the scheduled steamer that Pip and Provis... (full context)
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The customs officer gives Pip permission to accompany Provis back to London. Pip does his best to nurse Provis' wounds... (full context)
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On the boat back to London, Provis advises Pip to leave him for "it's best as a gentleman" not to be publicly associated with... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 55
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Back in London, Pip retains Mr. Jaggers for Provis' defense. Mr. Jaggers is mightily disappointed in Pip for not... (full context)
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...that he is being transferred to a branch of his merchant's house in Cairo (which Pip, of course, already secretly knows, since he arranged it). Herbert invites Pip to come and... (full context)
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Later that week, Wemmick visits Pip to apologize for the failure of his escape plan—he realizes that Compeyson must have planted... (full context)
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Wemmick asks Pip to join him for a walk that Monday. The walk, it turns out, leads to... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 56
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In the prison infirmary, Provis lies sick and wounded but uncomplaining. Pip stays by his side as long as he is allowed to each day. In court,... (full context)
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Court procedure entails announcing all the death sentences together on one day. In court, Pip and a large audience of onlookers watch Provis stand among thirty-two other men and women... (full context)
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Pip writes petitions to every authority he can think of to appeal Provis' sentence, and hopes... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 57
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Pip is deep in debt. In the days after Provis' death, Pip falls deliriously ill. Two... (full context)
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Joe updates Pip on the village news: Miss Havisham has died and left a large sum of money... (full context)
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Pip and Joe spend the days of Pip's recovery in tender companionship. Pip has lost all... (full context)
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As Pip grows stronger, Joe becomes less comfortable around him. While Pip was weak, Joe called him... (full context)
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Pip is eager to thank Joe and to apologize to him. He is also eager to... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 58
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News of Pip's fall from fortune has preceded him to the village and the staff at the Blue... (full context)
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Pip walks to the forge, excited to be back and delighted to see the old familiar... (full context)
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Pip moves to Cairo and joins Clarriker & Co. as a clerk, living with Herbert and... (full context)
Book 3, Chapter 59
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Pip does not return to England for eleven years. He comes back to the forge one... (full context)
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Still, Pip secretly wishes to revisit the site of Satis House for Estella's sake. He has heard... (full context)