Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on William Shakespeare's Richard III. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
- Full Title: The Tragedy of King Richard the Third
- When Written: c. 1592
- Where Written: London
- When Published: 1597
- Literary Period: The Renaissance
- Genre: History play
- Setting: England
- Climax: Richard pretending not to want the crown, then finally deferring to Buckingham and the Lord Mayor's entreaties to take it.
- Antagonist: Richard
Not Really a Hunchback. Though Shakespeare chose to portray Richard with a serious hunchback, the historical king had scoliosis, not a hunchback, and would not have appeared as severely deformed as he looks in the play. Sources available at Shakespeare's time described Richard's condition accurately, but the playwright may have chosen to exaggerate Richard's outward deformity in order to emphasize his inner crookedness.
Real Life Omens. The day the historical Lady Anne died was marked by a solar eclipse – a threatening omen that would fit right in among the prophetic dreams and ominous signs of the play Richard III. Some at the time thought the eclipse signaled King Richard III's fall from divine grace.