Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
- Full Title: The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pyrates.
- When Written: Shortly before 1719
- Where Written: England
- When Published: 1719
- Literary Period: Robinson Crusoe is often regarded as one of the foundational novels of literary realism.
- Genre: Novel, adventure story.
- Setting: England, Morocco, Brazil, an uninhabited island in the Caribbean, Portugal, Spain, and France, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
- Climax: Robinson rescues the English captain, helps him recapture his ship, and finally leaves his island.
- Antagonist: Robinson mostly struggles against the forces of nature (from storms to earthquakes to wild wolves), which can themselves be regarded as instruments of fate and God's providence.
The Sequel. Defoe's novel was so popular that he wrote a sequel, The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, living up to Robinson's promise at the end of the novel to relate his adventures after joining his nephew on a trading ship in a future account.
Art Imitates Life Imitates Art. Defoe's novel was inspired by the real-life survival of Alexander Selkirk on an abandoned island, Más a Tierra. In 1966, to honor Defoe's famous novel, the island was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island.