The Iliad

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Zeus’ Eagle Symbol Icon
Although Zeus’ complex plans are clear to the reader of the Iliad, the will of the gods is much more unclear to the men on the Trojan battlefield. The soldiers are forced to watch for omens that the gods send them, and deciding what is truly a sign from a god can be difficult to interpret. The clearest sign of any god’s support comes in the form of Zeus’ eagle, which signals to soldiers that Zeus is on their side. When men choose to ignore it, as Hector does in Book 12, the consequences can be dire.
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Zeus’ Eagle Symbol Timeline in The Iliad

The timeline below shows where the symbol Zeus’ Eagle appears in The Iliad. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Book 8
The Gods Theme Icon
Fate and Free Will Theme Icon
...army, and Zeus sends a sign of encouragement to Agamemnon in the form of an eagle. The eagle gives the Achaean army hope, and they begin to fight back. (full context)
Book 12
Honor and Glory Theme Icon
The Gods Theme Icon
Fate and Free Will Theme Icon
As Hector and Polydamas try to storm the ramparts, they see an omen, an eagle holding a bloody serpent in its talons. The serpent bites the eagle, which releases it... (full context)
Book 13
Honor and Glory Theme Icon
The Gods Theme Icon
Fate and Free Will Theme Icon
...fresh reinforcements, Hector once again pushes the Trojans forward. Great Ajax taunts Hector, and another eagle sweeps past the Achaeans, which the Achaeans take as a positive omen. Hector criticizes Ajax’... (full context)
Book 24
The Gods Theme Icon
Fate and Free Will Theme Icon
Love and Friendship Theme Icon
...Priam to pray for a sign from Zeus first, and Priam agrees. Zeus sends an eagle to reassure them. Priam sets out in his wagon, accompanied by his old driver. (full context)