The Sun Also Rises

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Jake Barnes Character Analysis

The narrator of The Sun Also Rises. At the start of the novel, he is an expatriate working as a journalist in Paris. He served in World War I, in which he suffered an injury that made him impotent. This hinders his otherwise very close relationship with Brett Ashley. He typifies the Lost Generation, always seeking escape and finding no meaning in life after the horrors and intensity of the war.

Jake Barnes Quotes in The Sun Also Rises

The The Sun Also Rises quotes below are all either spoken by Jake Barnes or refer to Jake Barnes. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Lost Generation Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Scribner edition of The Sun Also Rises published in 1954.
Chapter 1 Quotes
I mistrust all frank and simple people, especially when their stories hold together, and I always had a suspicion that perhaps Robert Cohn had never been middleweight boxing champion. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Robert Cohn
Page Number: 12
Explanation and Analysis:

The Sun Also Rises opens with an account of Robert Cohn’s boxing career at Princeton. The novel’s narrator, Jake Barnes, seems intent on belittling Cohn’s middleweight title: he suggests that Cohn’s “simple” story is not to be trusted, and wonders whether Cohn’s “flattened nose” was really a boxing-related injury.

Though Jake goes on to dismiss these doubts (citing reports from Cohn’s coach at Princeton, Spider Kelly, who corroborates Cohn’s story) he remains unimpressed by Cohn’s purported title. By targeting Cohn’s successes as a boxer, Jake calls into question Cohn’s masculinity. Competitive sports seem to Jake to be a proxy for strength and honor: the lesser fighter, in Jake’s mind, is perhaps the lesser man.

Though Cohn’s collegiate fighting career is the subject of these lines, Hemingway here reveals as much about Jake as he does about the man Jake describes. Jake is deeply cynical. He claims to be skeptical of anyone who appears honest, believing that stories which “hold together” best are the least likely to have actually happened. Perhaps it is Jake’s own history – rarely mentioned but hardly forgotten – that has left him suspicious of any simple truths or straightforward answers. While Cohn was fighting in the controlled environment of a boxing ring, Jake was in the trenches of World War I. Cohn’s most severe injury is a broken nose; Jake’s is lifelong impotence from a war injury. Though such comparisons are rarely drawn by the narrator himself, they are never too far beneath the surface of Jake's competitive, and often disdainful, accounts of his "friend."

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Chapter 2 Quotes
"I can't stand it to think my life is going so fast and I'm not really living it."
"Nobody ever lives life all the way up except bull-fighters"
Cohn and Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Robert Cohn (speaker)
Related Symbols: Bullfighting
Page Number: 18
Explanation and Analysis:

Here, Cohn and Jake discuss plans to travel to South America. Cohn has the vague desire to be “living” more, and Jake seems suspicious of any such attempt. Though Jake can certainly relate to Cohn’s lack of direction, it’s unlikely that Jake shares with Cohn a sense that life is “going so fast” – as a veteran of World War I, Jake has perhaps experienced too much. Jake seems to think that Cohn’s aspirations are naïve, and that life by its very nature is unfulfilling. If Cohn worries about feeling aimless, Jake asks what one can even hope to aim for.

This exchange provides the novel’s first reference to bull fighting, introducing a metaphor that much of The Sun Also Rises is committed to developing. Bull fighting represents to Jake the ideal that war never lived up to: its violence is controlled, its rules set, and its victories legitimate cause for celebration. Bull-fighters have the glory and romance of face-to-face conflict without the lasting traumas of war. To be sure, Jake’s claim that bull-fighters alone know how to live well is perhaps not to be taken at face value. Still, it’s telling that Jake looks to these men – fearless actors in a spectacle of violence – as examples of what “really living” can look like.

"You can't get away from yourself by moving from one place to another. " – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Robert Cohn
Page Number: 19
Explanation and Analysis:

Few quotes from The Sun Also Rises distill the novel’s central ideas better than Jake’s words here. This line comes as a response to Cohn’s proposal to travel abroad to South America. Jake understands, or thinks he understands, that Cohn’s plans are not so much about getting away from Paris as they are about escaping himself – a trip bound to result in disappointment.

Underlying Jake’s cynicism is his experience in the war: the physical, emotional and psychological toll has not lessened on account of Jake’s travels, nor does he expect future travels to accomplish what previous travels could not. Cohn, the only male character in The Sun Also Rises who hasn’t seen war firsthand, has not yet accepted this truth. Escape remains a possibility to him: if only we can change where we are, Cohn seems to think, we can change how we are.

Jake thinks not. And though he is responding most explicitly to Cohn’s travel plans, his words might be extended to other activities detailed in The Sun Also Rises. Endless socializing, heavy drinking, long leisurely meals, romances that come as quickly as they go – all seem attempts to escape oneself, or one’s present environment, through distraction and sedation. In the ensuing drama of The Sun Also Rises, Jake’s pessimistic thesis holds – no man escapes himself.

Chapter 3 Quotes
"Who are your friends?" Georgette asked.
"Writers and artists."
"There are lots of those on this side of the river."
"Too many."
Georgette and Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Georgette (speaker)
Page Number: 25
Explanation and Analysis:

Paris was a hub of artistic movements in the 1920s; some of the greatest writers and artists of this “Lost Generation” (Hemingway included) came from all over Europe and America to live and work in the city. Georgette’s comment that “there are lots of those” suggests that even Parisians uninvolved in the world of art felt the presence of young expatriate creatives.

Jake’s two-word response reveals a great deal about his positioning within this generation of Parisian artists and expats. Though he is certainly one of these “writers and artists” living in Paris, he seems to not identify with the crowd—as someone who actually does work for a living, he seems bitter about artists like Robert Cohn, who has come to the city with plenty of money and only marginal artistic merit. “Too many” seems, then, a possible jab at his generation’s lack of direction, targeting those who moved to Paris without significant creative ambitions.

But Jake’s cynicism here is not simply a neutral judgment about the quality of his peers’ work. He feels competitive, perhaps even insecure, and means to give Georgette—his companion for the night—the impression that he is above these other men, or at the very least deserving of her admiration.

Chapter 4 Quotes
I passed Ney's statue standing among the new-leaved chetnut trees in the arc-light. […] He looked very fine, Marshal Ney in his top-boots, gesturing with his sword among the green new horse-chetnut leaves. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker)
Page Number: 37
Explanation and Analysis:

This observation of Jake’s comes not long after a critical conversation with Brett in which the two confessed their love for each other and tried, uncomfortably, to inject some humor into the unfortunate circumstances surrounding Jake’s war injuries.

Jake’s insecurities about his masculinity are still on his mind. This scene finds Jake admiring a statue of Marshal Ney, paying particular attention to the way Ney’s image interacts with the surrounding trees. Marshal Ney is a famous French military commander, noted for his tremendous bravery. Ney is thus an historical figure who seems to epitomize masculinity; Jake’s appreciation (even if it seems somewhat bitter) for this statue betrays a sense of awe, even envy, at Ney’s typically masculine characteristics. In particular, Jake seems taken by Ney’s sword—the quintessential phallic symbol—and says that the man himself is looking “fine” as he proudly wields it. Having just escaped a conversation with Brett that reminded Jake of his impotence, this statue, though subtler in its impact, accomplishes something similar.

It’s worth considering where we find this emblem of masculinity—Ney’s statue is removed from the scene of socializing, drinking and partying, and is instead alone in the middle of some chestnut trees, as if in a forest. Idealized masculinity and nature often appear together in The Sun Also Rises, perhaps most clearly in Jake’s love of bull fighting.

It is awfully easy to be hard-boiled about everything in the daytime, but at night is another thing. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker)
Page Number: 42
Explanation and Analysis:

In Jake’s most vulnerable moments, he expresses a pain common to many WWI veterans of the “Lost Generation” but rarely spoken of. Spending time out and about during the day, working and socializing, shields Jake from these dangers of introspection. He puts on a tough front, giving the impression of strength to those around him—acting "hard-boiled about everything." His wounds are, quite literally, hidden—with clothing on no one can see his injuries from the war.

Nighttime solitude enforces a kind of self-reflection, however: when you’re alone, you have to face your reality, and what you may be able to hide from others, you can’t hide from yourself. Jake has to face his wounds as he changes into bedtime clothes and sleeps alone, at least in part, out of shame. Though able in some respects to conceal the lasting effects of war, the physical and psychological damages persist.

Jake may hope to appear thoroughly masculine at every turn, but his emotional fragility here seems more closely associated with (what he might deem) femininity. And just as Jake is crying alone in his bed, a boyish, short-haired Brett—also a boy’s name—comes barging into his room after making a ruckus downstairs, and gives the impression of being more in control of her emotions than Jake. Hemingway seems to be deliberately undermining our expectations about gender. Brett, here, is the source of emotional strength: when she departs, Jake goes back to feeling awful, expressing in this final sentence his struggle for any kind of stability.

Chapter 10 Quotes
I have never seen a man in civil life as nervous as Robert Cohn – nor as eager. I was enjoying it. It was lousy to enjoy it, but I felt lousy. Cohn had a wonderful quality of bringing out the worst in anybody. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Robert Cohn
Page Number: 103
Explanation and Analysis:

Jake, Robert Cohn, and Bill Gorton are eating dinner in Pamplona when Brett and Mike’s train is scheduled to arrive, so Jake and Cohn head to the train station to pick the fiancées up. As the two men are waiting, Jake offers these words about his companion. By this point tensions between the two are high—Jake is extremely jealous that Cohn has not only fallen in love, but has already had an affair with Brett. Disdain and insecurity are likely behind Jake’s observations here. But his comments are not simply jealous half-truths: he’s seen Robert bring out a disrespectful side of Harvey Stone, nasty spite in Frances, and, most recently, flirtatious treatment from Brett, which Jake can’t help but resent. Cohn is a character whose attempt to do the best for himself directly brings out the worst in others. 

When examining Jake’s portrayal of Cohn, here and elsewhere in the novel, it’s important to consider the role of anti-Semitism. Cohn is the only Jewish character in the novel, and his heritage is mentioned more than a few times. It seems to be no coincidence, then, that he is the most marginalized character, and that in spite of his niceness he just can’t seem to do anything right, managing to seem a threatening presence to Jake no matter his intent.

Chapter 12 Quotes
"You're an expatriate. You've lost touch with the soil. You get precious. Fake European standards have ruined you. You drink yourself to death. You become obsessed by sex. You spend all your time talking, not working. You are an expatriate, see. You hang around cafés."– Bill
Related Characters: Bill Gorton (speaker), Jake Barnes
Page Number: 120
Explanation and Analysis:

Jake and Bill wake up in the small town of Burguete where they will be staying during their fishing trip, and as they are having their coffee, Bill launches into a humorous rant about American perceptions of expatriates.

Here, “soil” most directly refers to America, but it also connotes nature, meaning that Bill’s use of the word “expatriate” takes on an interesting double meaning—it seems to connect their departure from a nation (“country” in one sense) to a departure from the land itself (“country” in another sense). Out in nature, these two men find some sense of purpose, lost in the aimlessness of urban life: when they commit themselves to fishing, for example, their work provides tangible rewards. Bill opines that life in Paris promotes the opposite—laziness—and provides nothing but meaningless distractions. If the expatriates seem lost, it’s because they’ve lost touch with their roots, so to speak.

Chapter 13 Quotes
Those who were aficionados could always get rooms even when the hotel was full. Montoya introduced me to some of them. They were always very polite at first, and it amused them very much that I should be American. Somehow it was taken for granted that an American could not have aficion. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Montoya
Related Symbols: Bullfighting
Page Number: 137
Explanation and Analysis:

When Jake and Bill arrive back in Pamplona, they find that Montoya's hotel is filling up with people who are there to see the running of the bulls, and Jake begins to explain the true passion many men have for the sport. Jake appears, perhaps more than ever, connected to the people of Spain. He is comfortable, and his being accepted as an "aficionado" (someone with true passion for and knowledge of bullfighting) works to his advantage: his friends may seem like intruding foreigners, but Jake is treated with respect, even reverence.

Afición is here associated with a kind of masculinity. These men favor a sport in which other men display spectacular bravery in their fight against a real force of nature, a raging (and male) bull. When discussing and watching the sport together, they focus solely on the event, engaging themselves fully in the beauty—and violence—of sport.

It was like certain dinners I remember from the war. There was much wine, an ignored tension, and a feeling of things coming that you could not prevent happening. Under the wine I lost the disgusted feeling and was happy. It seemed they were all such nice people. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Robert Cohn, Lady Brett Ashley, Bill Gorton, Mike Campbell
Page Number: 151
Explanation and Analysis:

Jake concludes chapter 13 by referring to the first dinner between Brett, Mike, Robert, Bill, and Jake, after the group has seen a bullfight and tensions between Mike and Cohn have calmed. The war continues to be on Jake’s mind, even in the midst of fighting, partying, and foreign adventure. Nor can its damages be relegated to the distant past: Jake’s current love life is spoiled by the war, his favorite sport is compared to war, the war comes up in conversation with many of his companions, and now the group’s love rivalries seem in some ways analogous to life on the battlefield. Alcohol, as always, seems capable of providing an escape; drinking is a way for these travelers to numb their feelings and distort their perception of the present into something bearable, if only briefly.

Chapter 14 Quotes
That was morality; things that made you disgusted afterward. No, that must be immorality. That was a large statement. What a lot of bilge I could think up at night. What rot, I could hear Brett say it. What rot! – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Lady Brett Ashley
Page Number: 153
Explanation and Analysis:

At the beginning of Chapter 14 we find Jake in his bed, inebriated, thinking about Brett, and struggling to define his moral precepts. Night seems once again to bring out Jake’s anxious, insecure, and, here, over-analytical tendencies. Jake retracts these general, ethical guidelines almost as quickly he defines them. The difference between friendship and love, the way life works, how one ought to behave—these questions remain unresolved. Just one chapter ago, "aficionado" Jake was explaining the rules and nuances of the art of bullfighting; these he understands perfectly. Outside of the sporting arena, however, rules are much harder to explain and hold to.

Chapter 15 Quotes
At noon on Sunday, July 6th, the fiesta exploded. There was no other way to describe it. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker)
Page Number: 157
Explanation and Analysis:

This line opens chapter 15, the point at which Hemingway formally introduces us to the San Fermin fiesta of 1924. Jake spends the rest of the chapter chronicling the festival’s happenings, here describing the opening as an explosion.

To Jake, the word “explosion” probably connotes war, and the similarities between the festival’s opening and a battle’s first attack merit further attention. Bombing opens the floodgates for mayhem, disrupting in an instant the rules that typically govern civil life. In the fiestas, such a disturbance is in the name of celebration; it is an explosion of positive energy, a necessary release of tension, as the entire city shifts its attention to sport (in bullfighting) and leisure (in dancing, drinking, song). It is not surprising that the fiesta has such appeal to our protagonists, though their release of tension may in the end more closely resemble a war than a party.

The things that happened could only have happened during a fiesta. Everything became quite unreal finally and it seemed as though nothing could have any consequences. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker)
Page Number: 159
Explanation and Analysis:

Jake, Cohn, and Bill are drinking outside at a café, and Jake continues to narrate the scene, attempting to convey the atmosphere of the fiesta. The narration once again seems to invite a comparison between the fiesta and the war: earlier, Jake compares a festive rocket to shrapnel, and these lines could just as easily be describing war, if we replaced the word “fiesta” with, say, “battle”. The “sanfermines” seem unreal in the sense that they break entirely from the norms and routines of daily life, and this sense of unreality can only be intensified for foreigners like Jake. These disruptions, along with the intensity, the passion, the constant noise and the commotion, provide a combination of sensations that must seem to Jake all too familiar.

Chapter 18 Quotes
"Well, it was a swell fiesta."
"Yes," I said; "something doing all the time."
"You wouldn't believe it. It's like a wonderful nightmare."
"Sure," I said. "I'd believe anything. Including nightmares."
Bill and Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Bill Gorton (speaker)
Page Number: 225
Explanation and Analysis:

After Romero’s triumphant bullfight, Bill and Jake go back to the hotel to eat, and in these lines acknowledge that the fiesta has ended. Reminiscent of how Jake struggles to really describe what the fiesta was like when it started (recall that for Jake there wasn’t any other way to describe it than as an “explosion”), Bill offers an oxymoron: the fiesta is a “wonderful nightmare”. Though it’s true that Bill seems to use the word “wonderful” gratuitously (see his description of the euro-trip in chapter 8), his description of the festival—at once awesome and frightening—contains real insight.

It seems to capture this central aspect of the festival, and, for that matter, of the novel: the meeting of positive and negative energy. Bullfighting is perhaps the most concrete example – man and nature collide in a spectacle of sport that brings great enjoyment, and yet finishes in the gruesome death of a beautiful creature. For many, this art is a “wonderful,” riveting sport, but there is no ignoring the nightmarish brutality of the bulls’ end.

We might also extend Bill’s phrase a “wonderful nightmare” to romance in The Sun Also Rises: love is, at once, intensely enjoyable and painful. By this point in the novel, love (specifically, the male characters’ love for Brett) has lifted and inspired a few men, and has also destroyed them, disrupting friendships along the way. Jake, perhaps more than anyone, seems to have experienced the nightmarish side of “wonderful” love. 

Chapter 19 Quotes
I hated to leave France. Life was so simple in France. I felt I was a fool to be going back to Spain. In Spain you could not tell about anything. – Jake
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker)
Page Number: 237
Explanation and Analysis:

Jake, finally alone after the week of the fiesta, has begun making his way back to France, but decides to extend his vacation by returning to Spain. The complicated impact of the festival warrants some unpacking here. Initially, Jake seemed to eager to get to Spain; now, he is hesitant to leave life in France. While in Paris, Jake was critical of the superficial social scene, and felt tortured by his situation with Brett. Spain represented something different: a chance to detach himself from that uneventful, un-inspired, and unnatural life.

Spain used to be a place where Jake could “tell” about everything—he understood the language, and perhaps even more impressively was an aficionado of the Spanish bullfighting culture. He seemed at home when he arrived in Spain, and began to reclaim his masculinity, or what was left of it, through his passion for bullfighting. But by the time he leaves Spain, his relationship to the country (and to its festival) seems different. Recall how he left Montoya, a friend and fellow aficionado, who felt disappointed in Jake for having helped to corrupt Pedro Romero, the symbol of all that was good and pure in their beloved sport. Jake’s half-hearted return to Spain only cements his place as a member of the “Lost Generation,” wandering now between countries.

"Oh, Jake,' Brett said, "we could have had such a damned good time together." Ahead was a mounted policeman in khaki directing traffic. He raised his baton. The car slowed suddenly pressing Brett against me.
"Yes," I said. "Isn't it pretty to think so?"
Related Characters: Jake Barnes (speaker), Lady Brett Ashley (speaker)
Page Number: 250
Explanation and Analysis:

These are the final lines of the novel. Jake has come to Madrid to save Brett; here the two are in a taxi after dinner, both quite drunk. Brett, in spite of all she’s been through in the past few weeks, continues to feel the same way about Jake. When she says they could have had a great time together, the implication is that Jake's impotence has prevented them from consummating their relationship. As if to address any doubts about the sexual undertones of this line, Hemingway describes, at this very moment, the policeman holding his baton. The baton is on the one hand, and perhaps most obviously, a phallic symbol, but it also seems to signal the novel’s conclusion: with its movement, the policeman signals the car to halt, effectively signaling to us the end of the novel’s drama.

In Jake’s final lines, we sense traces of emotional maturity. He has struggled greatly with the fact that he could not be with Brett, and has been troubled, in particular, by his war injuries. He has seen Brett run off with Robert Cohn for a couple of weeks, and watched, too, as Brett had a brief affair with the champion bullfighter (who attempts to pin her down and marry her). Both relationships ended shortly after, and caused great pain to the male characters involved. Jake’s realization here is that sex with Brett may have left their relationship in tatters as well. Without sex, the two can maintain a friendship, and can share in the comforting, though perhaps illusory idea that they would have been good and happy together, if only circumstances had allowed.

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Jake Barnes Character Timeline in The Sun Also Rises

The timeline below shows where the character Jake Barnes appears in The Sun Also Rises. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1
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The narrator, Jake Barnes, describes Robert Cohn, who was a middleweight boxing champion in college at Princeton University.... (full context)
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Jake comments that he naturally distrusts anyone who seems as simple and honest as Cohn, but... (full context)
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...on an allowance from his mother and has two friends: Braddock, his literary friend, and Jake, with whom he plays tennis. Cohn is "fairly happy," except that like many other people... (full context)
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...looks and shifts from treating Cohn carelessly to trying to get him to marry her. Jake notices this change in Frances when, one night, Jake, Cohn, and Frances go out to... (full context)
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Later, Cohn walks Jake out of the café and scolds Jake for making Frances jealous. Any mention of any... (full context)
Chapter 2
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...book called The Purple Land, a romantic tale about an English gentleman traveling abroad, which Jake says is a dangerous text to take seriously too late in life. Cohn is doing... (full context)
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Jake realizes how affected Cohn has been by the book when Cohn comes to Jake's office... (full context)
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Jake suggests they have a drink, intending to then leave Cohn in the bar and come... (full context)
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Jake excuses himself to return to his office. Cohn asks to come and sit with him.... (full context)
Chapter 3
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After Cohn leaves, Jake goes by himself to a café and watches the crowds. He is interested by the... (full context)
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The girl asks if Jake is going to buy her dinner. When she smiles, Jake sees that she has bad... (full context)
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...cab moves through the streets, the girl uses the opportunity to make sexual overtures to Jake, but he rejects them. She asks if he's sick. He says that he is, and... (full context)
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Georgette dislikes the restaurant they arrive at and Jake remembers how dull poules can be. Georgette cheers up when she sees the food and... (full context)
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Jake's friends ask him to come dancing with them. Jake returns to Georgette and describes his... (full context)
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...to fill up and soon becomes hot and sweaty. While Georgette is asked to dance, Jake stands at the club door, feeling the breeze and watching a group of men arrive... (full context)
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...her as if for a dare. These men, who are "supposed to be amusing", annoy Jake. He walks to the club next door to get a drink, but the drink tastes... (full context)
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Jake sits at a table with his friends and meets a novelist called Robert Prentiss. Jake... (full context)
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Brett walks over to Jake. As they greet each other, Jake notices Cohn looking at the "damned good-looking" Brett, as... (full context)
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Brett suggests she and Jake go to a different club. Jake leaves fifty francs in an envelope at the bar... (full context)
Chapter 4
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Brett and Jake's cab winds through the streets of Paris. As they pass the lights of bars and... (full context)
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In the dark, they kiss, but Brett pulls away, begging Jake to understand. Jake asks if she loves him and she "turns all to jelly." But... (full context)
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They talk about how injuries like Jake's are supposed to be funny, but how "nobody knows anything." Jake says he rarely thinks... (full context)
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...her to a man named Count Mippipopolous, who has taken a liking to her. Meanwhile, Jake talks with Braddocks, but all Jake wants to do is go home. When he says... (full context)
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On the way, Jake passes a statue of a soldier, Marshal Ney, which he thinks looks "very fine." When... (full context)
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Jake goes to bed and reads through two bullfighting newspapers. He then turns out the lamp,... (full context)
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Loud noises outside his room wake Jake in the middle of the night. Downstairs, he finds the concierge dealing with a drunken... (full context)
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Jake agrees to go for the drive, but refuses to get dressed and come down to... (full context)
Chapter 5
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The next morning, Jake walks to work, watching the women selling flowers, students going to class, and the trams... (full context)
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Jake works through the morning at his office, then goes to a meeting with other newsmen... (full context)
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In his office, Jake finds Cohn waiting for him. Cohn asks Jake to lunch. At the restaurant, Jake asks... (full context)
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Cohn then asks Jake about Lady Brett Ashley. Jake tells him what he knows: that she's getting a divorce... (full context)
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Cohn accuses Jake of sounding bitter, and. Jake tells Cohn to go to hell. Cohn stands up from... (full context)
Chapter 6
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That night, Jake goes to meet Brett at a hotel. She stands him up. After looking around for... (full context)
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The taxi comes to a certain boulevard that Jake always finds "dull riding." Jake thinks that it must be some "association of ideas" that... (full context)
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...Select, he finds a friend of his, Harvey Stone, who says he's been looking for Jake. Jake asks him about the States, but Harvey says he's heard nothing and is "through... (full context)
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...the face one day. Harvey says it doesn't matter, that Cohn means nothing to him. Jake tries to offer him another drink but Harvey leaves. (full context)
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Cohn says his writing isn't going very well, that it's harder than the first time. Jake, as narrator, comments that until Cohn fell in love with Brett, he was good at... (full context)
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Frances arrives, and asks to speak privately with Jake. When they're alone, she tells Jake that Cohn has refused to marry her, saying that... (full context)
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Back with Cohn, Frances, with obviously sarcastic cheerfulness, tells Jake that Cohn has given her two hundred francs and is sending her to England in... (full context)
Chapter 7
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When Jake gets back to his flat, he learns from the concierge that Brett and the count... (full context)
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Jake asks Brett about standing him up. She claims she didn't remember because she was drunk,... (full context)
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Alone now, Jake asks if they can't just live together, or go to the country. Brett responds that... (full context)
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...Joking leads to enemies. Brett responds that the only person she never jokes with is Jake. Then she turns to drinking again. The count wishes he could hear her talk instead... (full context)
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They enjoy a good meal, during which the count tells Jake and Brett that they should get married. The two of them respond with quick, evasive... (full context)
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...three of them continue the night at a dancing club. The count tells Brett and Jake how nice they look dancing, saying he doesn't dance himself but enjoys watching them. While... (full context)
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Jake takes Brett home, while the count prefers to stay a little longer at the club.... (full context)
Chapter 8
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Jake doesn't see Brett or Cohn for a good long while. He receives one brief, appropriately... (full context)
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As they walk around Paris looking for a restaurant, Bill tells Jake about a man he was drinking with earlier in the day whose secret is never... (full context)
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...she's just back from San Sebastian and that Mike is following later in the day. Jake insists they all meet that night. Brett says she was an ass to leave and... (full context)
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Bill and Jake eat dinner at a restaurant that's full of Americans, mainly because it has a review... (full context)
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Before going to meet Brett and Mike, Jake and Bill go for a walk. They cross the Seine and see Notre Dame cathedral... (full context)
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When Jake and Bill get to the bar, Brett introduces Mike as a drunkard. Mike is, in... (full context)
Chapter 9
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The next morning, Jake gets a telegraph from Cohn, who says he's in the country having a quiet time,... (full context)
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That night, Jake runs into Brett and Mike at a bar. Mike apologizes for his drunkenness the evening... (full context)
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Once they're alone, Brett asks Jake if Cohn is coming on the trip. When she learns that he is, she worries... (full context)
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Four days later, Brett tells Jake that she's heard back from Cohn, who wants to come even though he knows that... (full context)
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Jake and Bill board the train to Bayonne the next morning. The train is very crowded,... (full context)
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As the train moves, Bill and Jake "watch the country" through the window. The fields are ripening and green. After a while... (full context)
Chapter 10
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...for a beer. As the sit outside, there is a pleasant breeze from the sea. Jake doesn't feel like leaving, but they sort out the money for the rooms. While they... (full context)
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...so the men go to a stream nearby to check for trout while they wait. Jake asks a soldier manning the crossing if he ever fishes, but he says he doesn't.... (full context)
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The chauffeur returns and they drive on, through the country that Jake describes as "really Spain," with forests, plains and clear streams. Jake spots an old castle... (full context)
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...tries to cancel one of the meat courses. He seems nervous, and doesn't know that Jake knows about his trip with Brett. Cohn says, with a superior tone, that he doesn't... (full context)
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After the meal, Jake visits the old man who always gets bullfight tickets for him and is pleased to... (full context)
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Jake goes walking and comes across a cathedral. Though he found it ugly the first time... (full context)
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...on the train, and Cohn wants to go to the station to see them in. Jake goes with him. He enjoys Cohn's mood, even though he knows it's lousy of him... (full context)
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...him to forget the bet. He'd rather bet on something else, like the bullfights. But Jake says to bet on bullfights would be like betting on the war. Economic gain means... (full context)
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That night they get a card from Brett, saying they've stopped in San Sebastian. Jake, jealous and angry, spitefully tells Cohn that they send their regards. The men decide to... (full context)
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...that he has decided he won't leave with them. In a confidential tone, he tells Jake that he is afraid that he gave Brett the impression that he would meet them... (full context)
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...hotel, Bill says that Cohn told him all about the date with Brett, which makes Jake angry. Bill comments that the funny thing about Cohn is that he may be awful... (full context)
Chapter 11
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The next morning, Jake and Bill leave Cohn behind and board a bus to go to a small rural... (full context)
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...drives through the beautiful country of fields, farms, and "sudden green valleys," the Basques teach Jake and Bill the right way to drink from a wineskin. The bus stops in a... (full context)
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...before sitting back, tired from talking "American." The bus climbs and climbs into the hills. Jake describes the landscape here as looking strange. (full context)
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...to order a rum punch and tell the serving girl how to make it, though Jake has to add more rum when it arrives with not enough. They have hot soup... (full context)
Chapter 12
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The next morning, Jake wakes before Bill and goes outside, into the fresh early morning, finds a shed and... (full context)
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Back in the room, Bill says he saw Jake from the window and asks if he was burying his money. Bill then launches into... (full context)
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Bill announces that he is more fond of Jake than he is of anyone else in the world. This is the kind of thing,... (full context)
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...spring of water for their wine bottles. Then they split up and begin to fish. Jake fishes with worms. He is mesmerized by the number of leaping trout he sees. He... (full context)
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...agree that they are drunk and decide to nap. As they wind down, Bill asks Jake if he was ever in love with Brett. Jake admits that he was, and Bill... (full context)
Chapter 13
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One morning at breakfast, Jake gets a letter from Mike saying that Brett fainted on the train, they spent three... (full context)
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Jake realizes he doesn't know what day it is. Harris tells him it's Wednesday. Later that... (full context)
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Before departing, Jake and Bill go to a pub with Harris. They invite him to come to Pamplona... (full context)
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...already arrived at Montoya's hotel. It's clear that Montoya does not think much of them. Jake and Montoya begin to talk about the bulls. Montoya calls Jake an aficion, which is... (full context)
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Jake and Bill find the others at a bar across the square. Mike and Brett are... (full context)
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...furious and muscles quivering. Steers (castrated males) mill around to help calms the bulls. As Jake explains to Brett how the bull uses his horns like a boxer, another bull is... (full context)
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Back at the hotel, Montoya and Jake agree that the bulls looked all right but that they have a bad feeling about... (full context)
Chapter 14
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Jake is very drunk when he gets back to his room. As he tries and fails... (full context)
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Jake then starts thinking about morality and about Mike's insults of Cohn. He feels bad for... (full context)
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...mornings of those quiet two days, they all keep their own time, Cohn getting shaves, Jake taking walks, all meeting up for drinks. On the day before the fiesta, Jake goes... (full context)
Chapter 15
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The next day the fiesta explodes. Jake explains that there's no other word for it. The prices of everything go up, crowds... (full context)
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A rocket, which Jake compares to a burst of shrapnel, is set off to mark the off the official... (full context)
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Jake goes to find leather wineskins, and the shop owner sells them to him for cheap... (full context)
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...big meal. The restaurant is all changed for the fiesta, with new prices and menus. Jake has vowed to stay up all night to see the bulls go through the streets... (full context)
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The bullfights begin that afternoon. Jake and Bill sit close to the action, while Brett, Mike and Cohn sit further up... (full context)
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Montoya introduces them to a nineteen-year-old phenom of a bullfighter named Pedro Romero. Jake thinks that Romero is the best looking boy he's ever seen. During his bullfight, Romero... (full context)
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During Romero's next bullfight, Brett sits next to Jake, who explains Romero's skill to her move by move. He shows her how Romero turns... (full context)
Chapter 16
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The next day is rainy, foggy, and dull. Jake is in his room when Montoya enters and asks for some advice – Romero has... (full context)
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Jake finds his friends eating dinner. They are too drunk now for him to catch up,... (full context)
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Brett and Mike shout to Jake from across the room. Mike wants him to tell Romero that "bulls have no balls,"... (full context)
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...at him to go away, begging him to see when he isn't wanted, and asking Jake to back him up in his assessment of Cohn. Mike and Cohn are on the... (full context)
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...but she snaps at him to get going because she wants to talk alone with Jake. (full context)
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When they're alone, Brett complains to Jake about Mike and Cohn's behaviors, both of which she finds disgusting. Jake defends Mike, saying... (full context)
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Brett and Jake take a walk to the old fortifications around the town. Brett asks Jake if he... (full context)
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Jake agrees to help, and they go to a café where Romero is sitting with other... (full context)
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Jake leaves Brett and Romero at the table, and as he does so he notices that... (full context)
Chapter 17
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Jake finds Bill, Mike and Bill's friend Edna hanging around outside a bar that they were... (full context)
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...go to another café, where Cohn finds them. He demands to know where Brett is. Jake claims not to know, but Cohn doesn't believe him. Mike says that Brett has gone... (full context)
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When Jake comes to, he is surrounded by people tugging at him, like a boxer on the... (full context)
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When Jake gets in to the hotel, Bill tells him that Cohn wants to see him. Jake... (full context)
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The next morning, Jake learns from a waiter at a café that Mike and Bill have already gone to... (full context)
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Back in the hotel, as Jake tries and fails to sleep, he curses Cohn for believing in true love. Then Mike... (full context)
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Mike heads off to bed, and Bill soon follows. As Bill is leaving, Jake asks if Bill has heard about the man who was gored outside the bullring He... (full context)
Chapter 18
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Brett and Jake take a walk. Soon, they see a chapel and Brett wants to go in and... (full context)
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After the bullfights, Jake and Bill have lunch at the hotel. Jake is feeling sad, and gives in to... (full context)
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Later on, a very drunk Jake goes to Brett's room. There he finds Mike, who tells him that Brett has left... (full context)
Chapter 19
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In the quiet of the sudden end of the fiesta, Mike, Bill, and Jake decide to share a cab to leave Pamplona. Montoya does not say goodbye. Soon they... (full context)
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...hotel, where he tells them not to worry about money, and Bill catches his train. Jake watches the train leave, then goes back to the car. The driver tries to over-charge... (full context)
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Alone in Bayonne, Jake eats alone, enjoying choosing wine and drinking slowly. He worries, however, that he has offended... (full context)
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In San Sebastian, Jake rests, goes swimming, sits in the sun, and walks around the harbor. He has dinner... (full context)
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The next day Jake gets a telegram from Brett, saying she is in trouble, followed quickly by another, asking... (full context)
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...Brett's hotel, she kisses him. She explains that she sent Romero away, but wrote to Jake because she wasn't sure if she could actually get him to leave and had no... (full context)
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Jake and Brett go to lunch. Brett has a drink, which steadies her. She says she's... (full context)
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Jake suggests they go for a ride and they get a taxi and sit close together... (full context)