Young Goodman Brown

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Goodman Brown Character Analysis

A young man from Salem, Massachusetts and the descendent of a long line of Puritans, Goodman Brown was raised to be a pious Christian and is terrified of being thought a sinner. When the story begins, Goodman has been married to Faith, whom he believes to be a paragon of goodness and purity, for just three months. His curiosity leads him to go into the woods in the middle of the night to meet with the devil. The devil shows him that all the respected Puritans who Goodman has looked up to are in fact hypocrites and devil-worshippers, and that Faith, too, is tempted by the devil. Though Goodman’s adventure may be just a dream, it ruins his life, making him mistrust his community, his family, and his faith. He lives to old age as a desperately unhappy man.

Goodman Brown Quotes in Young Goodman Brown

The Young Goodman Brown quotes below are all either spoken by Goodman Brown or refer to Goodman Brown. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Vintage edition of Young Goodman Brown published in 2011.
Young Goodman Brown Quotes

"Dearest heart," whispered she, softly and rather sadly, when her lips were close to his ear, "pr'y thee, put off your journey until sunrise, and sleep in your own bed to-night. A lone woman is troubled with such dreams and such thoughts, that she's afeard of herself, sometimes. Pray, tarry with me this night, dear husband, of all nights in the year!"

Related Characters: Faith (speaker), Goodman Brown
Page Number: 193
Explanation and Analysis:

Faith's plea for Goodman Brown to stay with her instead of leaving on his journey introduces the moral conflict of the story. Goodman Brown can listen to his wife Faith (who also stands in for his religious faith) and remain in Salem, or he can journey into the woods. It's significant that the story begins with Goodman Brown in a conflict with Faith about his journey; this lets readers know that there are moral stakes to his journey, in that he seems to be leaving his wife (and, metaphorically, his religious faith) in peril by going.

Faith's insistence that she cannot be home alone with her thoughts and dreams is also significant, as it is a statement that reverberates throughout the story. For the Puritans, thoughts and dreams present real danger, and sin is not limited to a person's literal actions. Her statement might mean that Faith, whom Goodman Brown assumes is innocent and pure, is capable of imagining or dreaming the same experience of sin that Goodman Brown finds in the forest. This interpretation is strengthened by Faith's presence in the woods later that night, and by the narrator's speculation at the end of the story that Goodman Brown's experience in the woods might have been a nightmare or simply imagined. While this quotation seems rather innocuous at the beginning of the story, as Goodman Brown moves through the nightmarish woods it begins to take on a darkness that it did not originally possess, hinting that even Faith, the emblem of Puritan goodness, might herself be capable of sin. 

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"Methought as she spoke there was trouble in her face, as if a dream had warned her what work is to be done tonight. But no, no; 't would kill her to think it. Well, she's a blessed angel on earth; and after this one night I'll cling to her skirts and follow her to heaven."

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), Faith
Page Number: 194
Explanation and Analysis:

Throughout the story Goodman Brown becomes more and more suspicious of his Puritan community, and this quotation is the first inkling of the full-blown paranoia to come. Goodman Brown entertains for a moment the possibility that Faith could have learned from a sinful dream the purpose of his journey into the woods, but he then dismisses the thought. He states that it is impossible because it "would kill her to think it," implying that she is too pure and good to suspect such a thing. 

In the context of the story as a whole, this quote points to both Goodman Brown's black-and-white worldview that one must be either wholly a saint or wholly a sinner, and also to his own delusions about himself. While he seems to believe that Faith can only be good and that even an inkling of sin would kill her, he simultaneously believes that he himself can dabble in sin on this journey without fundamentally changing himself. He believes that after one night of sin he can return to Salem and be good for the rest of his life, ultimately following Faith to heaven. This conflict between Goodman Brown's worldview and who he perceives himself to be is one that the story will disastrously resolve.

It was all as lonely as could be; and there is this peculiarity in such a solitude, that the traveller knows not who may be concealed by the innumerable trunks and the thick boughs overhead; so that with lonely footsteps he may yet be passing through an unseen multitude.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown
Page Number: 194
Explanation and Analysis:

As Goodman Brown passes further into the forest, the descriptions of his surroundings become frightening. He seems to think there is a significant shift between the safety of Salem and the danger of the woods, which points, once again, to his black-and-white Puritan worldview. While in the following paragraph he expresses his concern that there are "devilish Indians" or maybe the devil himself lurking in the trees, the "unseen multitudes" he fears turn out to be not outsiders, but rather people from his own community. In this sense, his sense of peculiar solitude in the woods (of perceiving himself to be the only sinner in a place where, in fact, sin is lurking but unseen) mirrors exactly his experience of living in Salem.

"You are late, Goodman Brown," said he. "The clock of the Old South was striking, as I came through Boston; and that is full fifteen minutes agone."
"Faith kept me back awhile," replied the young man, with a tremor in his voice, caused by the sudden appearance of his companion, though not wholly unexpected.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), The Devil (speaker), Faith
Page Number: 195
Explanation and Analysis:

This quotation serves to make clear, if it wasn't already, the double meaning of Faith's name. When Goodman Brown tells the man that Faith kept him back awhile, he means not simply his wife but also his religious faith, which has caused him to doubt whether he should continue into the woods. Any instance in which Faith's name or person appears in "Young Goodman Brown" can be read with this double meaning.

The woods have been presented so far as frightening and dangerous, and the devil's appearance in the woods cements Goodman Brown's inkling that the woods are full of sin. As the story progresses, though, it becomes clear that evil is not limited to the woods. This is foreshadowed in this quotation when the devil indicates that he has just been in Boston, an orderly and pious city that is, like Salem, full of good Puritans. Just as the devil is not only found in the woods, Goodman Brown is destined to learn that evil and sin are not limited to the woods; wickedness pervades even the town of Salem, a place which Goodman Brown believed to be pure. 

“"I marvel they never spoke of these matters; or, verily, I marvel not, seeing that the least rumor of the sort would have driven them from New England. We are a people of prayer, and good works to boot, and abide no such wickedness.”

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), The Devil, Goodman Brown’s Father, Goodman Brown’s Mother
Page Number: 196
Explanation and Analysis:
Goodman Brown here reveals a key problem with the repressive nature of Puritanism. Because someone's morality is understood in Puritan society as being tied to their outward appearance of goodness and purity, discussion of a person's failings or moral ambiguity is strictly taboo. Perhaps Goodman Brown would have been better able to understand his own sinful impulses if his family had discussed their experiences with him, but he has never heard these matters spoken of, and it distresses him. It only distresses him for a moment, though, since he immediately recognizes that the smallest rumor of the family's wickedness could have led to ostracism from their community, so it wouldn't have been worth the risk of bringing up the subject at all. This silencing of discussion in Puritan society directly leads to Goodman Brown's ineptitude at handling the situation in the woods, and at the end of the quotation we see Goodman Brown return to his self-delusion about the purity of his family ("[we] abide no such wickedness"), the kind of black-and-white logic that prevents him from coming to a nuanced understanding of sin.

“I shall take a cut through the woods until we have left this Christian woman behind. Being a stranger to you, she might ask whom I was consorting with and whither I was going.”

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), The Devil, Goody Cloyse
Page Number: 197
Explanation and Analysis:

This quotation, again, shows the Puritan obsession with outward appearances. Goodman Brown is walking through the woods with the devil, but when he sees a woman from his community whom he believes to be a good Christian, he says he will take a different path so she does not see him consorting with a stranger. In other words, what scares him most about this encounter is not his actual conversation with the devil, but the possibility of a woman from his community noticing that he has sinned. He seems less concerned that being with the devil could compromise his soul or his ability to go to heaven; instead, he sees his goodness as mostly the appearance of goodness in the eyes of his community. Further complicating this deception is that the woman, too, is revealed to be a sinner who lives in the community with a respectable appearance.

“What if a wretched old woman do choose to go to the devil when I thought she was going to heaven: is that any reason why I should quit my dear Faith and go after her?"

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), Faith, The Devil, Goody Cloyse
Page Number: 198
Explanation and Analysis:
At this point in the story, Faith's presumed purity and morality are the only things keeping Goodman Brown from giving himself over to the devil. Despite all the hypocrisy that the devil has revealed (Goodman Brown's family's association with the devil, the community's secret sins, and even his own ability to resist sin), Goodman Brown is still clinging to the last scraps of his faith. It is notable here that Goodman Brown is speaking of "quitting" Faith his wife, rather than faith his religion. In this moment of trying to resist the devil, Goodman Brown is appealing to another person, rather than to his God or his own internal moral convictions. The Puritan tendency to locate faith in the seeming goodness of other people rather than in knowing the self to be virtuous is in evidence here.

Goodman Brown heard the tramp of horses along the road, and deemed it advisable to conceal himself within the verge of the forest, conscious of the guilty purpose that had brought him thither, though now so happily turned from it.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown, The minister, Deacon Gookin
Page Number: 199
Explanation and Analysis:

Here Goodman Brown is hypocritically delighting in his belated and uncertain commitment to resist sin in the name of Faith. Again, he conceals himself from the travelers in the woods because Puritanism's focus on the outward appearance of goodness has led him to believe that as long as nobody from his community sees him in the woods, he will be able to return home unchanged and still be respected and bound for heaven. Any nuanced sense of morality would leave him much more troubled by the fact that, though unseen by others, he has already sinned by walking through the forest with the devil. It is also interesting to note here that he is hiding behind a tree in the forest to be unseen by others. At the beginning of the story, Goodman Brown worried about the evils lurking in the trees, which seems to foreshadow this moment in which he himself has become the unseen evil in the forest, despite his delusional self-satisfaction in this moment.

"My Faith is gone!" cried he, after one stupefied moment. "There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name. Come, devil; for to thee is this world given."

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), Faith, The Devil
Page Number: 200
Explanation and Analysis:

Once Goodman Brown believes that Faith has gone to the devil, he no longer has the strength to resist wickedness, and he literally (though this is a play on words) loses his faith. This points to the fact that Goodman Brown's faith is something that depends on the behavior of others, rather than something that comes from within himself. This also points to the extremism of his ideology: that after seeing that several members of his community have sinned, he believes that "there is no good on earth." Outside of Puritanism, this logic would be absurd, but the black-and-white, good vs. evil logic of Puritanism drives him to a despairing conclusion about the nature of the world. Indeed, he is driven to so much despair that he declares that "sin is but a name." By this he implies that to call something sinful is meaningless, since sin is the natural condition of the world. 

The road grew wilder and drearier and more faintly traced, and vanished at length, leaving him in the heart of the dark wilderness, still rushing onward with the instinct that guides mortal man to evil.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown
Page Number: 201
Explanation and Analysis:

Throughout the story, Hawthorne has used imagery of the forest, trees, darkness, and wilderness to symbolize the presence (and danger) of sin. Here, in saying that "the road grew wilder" and then describing the road vanishing altogether, Hawthorne is using imagery to allude to Goodman Brown's despairing abandonment of the morality that he followed in Salem. The presence of the path represented a clear road back to Salem, and also a civilizing influence on the dark and evil woods. In this passage, the reader is led to understand that Goodman Brown has sinned irreversibly. The path is gone, and he can not now trace it back to the town and the morality he once espoused.

This passage can also be read as a dark comment on human nature. For the first time Goodman Brown is in the literal wilderness, with no path and no hint of the goodness of Salem. In this moment, he is described as being guided by an instinct towards evil. Since Goodman Brown is now fully in nature and suddenly finds his own nature taken over by an instinct towards evil, this can be seen as Hawthorne implying that humans are at least all prone to evil, if not naturally evil altogether.  

"Let us hear which will laugh loudest. Think not to frighten me with your deviltry. Come witch, come wizard, come Indian powwow, come devil himself, and here comes Goodman Brown. You may as well fear him as he fear you."

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), The Devil
Page Number: 201
Explanation and Analysis:

Goodman Brown has not only accepted now that he is a sinner, but he seems to have embraced it, too. In this quotation, he is speaking to the wind, which Hawthorne described as having laughed at him. As Hawthorne uses natural elements to imply moral dangers, Goodman Brown's taunting of the wind indicates that he is no longer threatened by the presence of sin. In fact, he summons sin ("Come witch, come wizard..."), and includes himself in the list of sinful entities. Thus, even though Goodman Brown has relinquished his commitment to Puritan morality, he is still operating within the Puritan worldview in which, now that he has sinned, he must be just as bad as "the devil himself." The Puritan worldview allows for no middle ground here, which is why Goodman Brown's taunt that the devil should fear Goodman Brown as Goodman Brown fears the devil seems somewhat extreme. 

He could have well-nigh sworn that the shape of his own dead father beckoned him to advance, looking downward from a smoke wreath, while a woman, with dim features of despair, threw out her hand to warn him back. Was it his mother?

Related Characters: Goodman Brown, Goodman Brown’s Father, Goodman Brown’s Mother
Page Number: 203
Explanation and Analysis:

A consistent issue with Goodman Brown's faith (and, by proxy, Puritan faith in general) has been that his morals are given to him by those in his family and community, and thus morality seems to mean little more to him than preserving his reputation or family tradition. When Goodman Brown is at a pivotal moment in the ritual in the woods, figures that appear to be his parents give him conflicting instructions about what to do. Because of this, he is unable to make a choice at all. Goodman Brown no longer believes his family to be good and pure, but he is not able to repudiate them and make his own choice either, which means he is condemned to repeat their same mistakes and carry on the legacy of hypocritical Puritanism in his own family.

"There," resumed the sable form, "are all whom ye have reverenced from youth. Ye deemed them holier than yourselves, and shrank from your own sin, contrasting it with their lives of righteousness and prayerful aspirations heavenward. Yet here are they all in my worshipping assembly.”

Related Characters: The Devil (speaker), Goodman Brown, Faith
Page Number: 203
Explanation and Analysis:
This is a quite literal statement of the hypocrisy of Puritanism. The devil tells the congregated townspeople that those in the community who were considered most pure, those who were considered to be the moral examples of the town, have, in fact, been living lives of sin. This is intended to upend Goodman Brown's faith and worldview, as the devil understands that Goodman Brown's faith has not given him strong personal moral convictions. Instead, his faith is based on comparing himself to the upright appearances of people in his community and maintaining the appearance of being good himself. Because this faith exists only relative to others, the devil can easily challenge it by revealing to Goodman Brown (or by appearing to reveal to him) that his community is full of hypocrites and sinners.

By the blaze of the hell-kindled torches, the wretched man beheld his Faith, and the wife her husband, trembling before that unhallowed altar.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown, Faith
Page Number: 204
Explanation and Analysis:

This ushers in the climax of the story in which Goodman Brown's worst fear, that Faith is impure, is realized. Until this moment he has not physically glimpsed her, and could thus hold out hope that Puritan ideals were still pure in at least one person he respects. Because his faith is so tied to his illusions about his pure community (rather than self-knowledge of goodness and a personal conviction to be good) this revelation about Faith marks the foreclosing of the last possibility for Goodman Brown to maintain idealism about Puritanism. This cements for him the notion that family and community are not to be trusted. 

It is also significant that the red light in which he glimpses Faith and the other members of his community is described as a "blaze of hell-kindled torches." This is another instance of Hawthorne's blending the natural with the supernatural and with evil. The fact that Goodman Brown has seen Faith literally in the light of hell raises questions about what he has actually seen. Is his Puritanism causing him to see her sin in "the worst light" rather than having a nuanced understanding of the complexity of her character and morality? Or has he been tricked by the supernatural into seeing something that doesn't exist? This statement is ambiguous, but it certainly gives readers reason to be suspicious of what Goodman Brown believes he is seeing.

“Depending upon one another's hearts, ye had still hoped that virtue were not all a dream. Now are ye undeceived. Evil is the nature of mankind. Evil must be your only happiness. Welcome again, my children, to the communion of your race.”

Related Characters: The Devil (speaker), Goodman Brown, Faith
Page Number: 204
Explanation and Analysis:

In this passage, the devil plays to the black-and-white distinctions made between good and evil people in Puritanism. While it might be possible to attend such a gathering and understand that the people there have sinned but are not necessarily wholly evil, Goodman Brown and the devil subscribe to a much more extreme division of people, as is evident here. Since Goodman Brown has glimpsed his young wife consorting with the devil, he is susceptible to the devil's pronouncement that "evil is the nature of mankind," an extreme statement by any logic except that of Puritanism. 

This passage also speaks to the way that Puritanism externalizes faith, as believers derive their own faith from the appearance of virtue in those around them. The devil refers to the community having depended on "one another's hearts" in order to "hope that virtue were not all a dream." In this way, the devil's words suggest that if the Puritans had a more internalized sense of morality and virtue they would be able to look inside themselves and understand goodness, which would make them able to resist the cynicism inspired by seeing their community sin. Of course, this kind of internalized faith is unlikely by Puritan logic, since everyone is tempted by sin, and the strict Puritan division between wholly good and wholly bad means that if virtue came from within then everyone would know that they were not wholly virtuous. This whole story functions as a critique of the logical end of such a pattern of belief.

"Faith! Faith!" cried the husband, "look up to heaven, and resist the wicked one."

Related Characters: Goodman Brown (speaker), Faith, The Devil
Page Number: 205
Explanation and Analysis:

While Goodman Brown has been unable to resist the devil up to this point, seeing his cherished Faith by the side of the devil gives him the strength to attempt to resist in the form of begging her not to give herself to the devil. In the context of the story, this is a tragic moment in which he has stood up to sin too late. Even though he ultimately resists the devil, which leaves him alone in the forest and subsequently lonely for the rest of his life, he has already been infected by the cynicism and misery of evil. He has, even though he seems to be standing up for it, already lost his faith. It is important to note that Hawthorne writes "cried the husband" rather than "said Goodman Brown." This seems to imply that Goodman Brown may not be standing up for his own moral beliefs, which are, by this point, dashed, but rather he seems to be standing up for the sanctity of family. He is speaking not as an individual, but as an embodiment of the role of the husband protecting his wife. 

Goodman Brown continues to make similar hollow gestures throughout the remainder of the story. He is described as living out his days following Puritan tradition without his heart in it; he still goes to church and raises a Puritan family, but he himself does not believe, and being around the Puritans whom he knows (or believes) to be hypocritical means that the religious gestures torment him.

Turning the corner by the meeting-house, he spied the head of Faith, with the pink ribbons, gazing anxiously forth, and bursting into such joy at sight of him that she skipped along the street and almost kissed her husband before the whole village. But Goodman Brown looked sternly and sadly into her face, and passed on without a greeting.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown, Faith
Related Symbols: Faith’s pink ribbons
Page Number: 205
Explanation and Analysis:

Goodman Brown has now fled the forest and returned to the orderly and pious town of Salem, but he cannot forget what he saw, and he can no longer separate in his mind the goodness of Salem from the evil of the woods. While he seems to be returning to Faith (and to his religious faith), he cannot embrace either after what he has seen. 

That Faith is at home unperturbed with her pink ribbons intact (Goodman Brown saw them fall in the woods) makes us question whether or not Goodman Brown truly saw what he believed he saw. He and Faith met each other's eyes in the woods, but Faith seems either undisturbed by or unaware of this meeting. As Goodman Brown cannot speak with her about his experience (as his family did not speak with him about theirs), he is left wordlessly suspecting her. Her innocence and joy could mean either that she is truly a sinner who is unbothered by having witnessed her husband in the woods, or Goodman Brown has dreamed/imagined the whole encounter, and Faith is not such a wicked sinner. Goodman Brown decides to occupy the space in between, remaining with Faith in name, but feeling his family and his faith to be ultimately empty. 

Had Goodman Brown fallen asleep in the forest and only dreamed a wild dream of a witch meeting? Be it so if you will; but, alas! it was a dream of evil omen for young Goodman Brown. A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not a desperate man did he become from the night of that fearful dream.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown
Page Number: 205
Explanation and Analysis:

This is the logic of puritanism brought to its terrible conclusion. Because of Puritanism's obsession with outward appearances, Goodman Brown has been disillusioned with himself and with his community. While he does not know whether he dreamed or literally experienced the events in the woods, he can never confirm or repudiate the memory because that would be akin to an admission that he is not as good as he appears. Ironically, though he never brings up his experience in order to avoid ostracism by his community, his secret memory of his experience makes him distant from his family and community. He is consumed by cynicism since, regardless of whether or not the encounter was real, he knows himself to be living as a hypocrite. Because of the extremism of Puritanism, it does not matter whether Goodman Brown literally sinned or only dreamed that he sinned—each scenario has the same meaning and the same effect on him. As readers, we are to understand that this is an unnecessary tragedy. 

And when he had lived long, and was borne to his grave a hoary corpse, followed by Faith, an aged woman, and children and grandchildren, a goodly procession, besides neighbors not a few, they carved no hopeful verse upon his tombstone, for his dying hour was gloom.

Related Characters: Goodman Brown, Faith
Page Number: 206
Explanation and Analysis:

This is an ominous end to a dark story in that Goodman Brown has never recovered from his experience, and, furthermore, he has not broken with the hypocritical and damaging Puritan tradition that led him to his doom. This implies that his children and grandchildren will have similar experiences and struggles. The ending, in which we see a preview of generations of struggle, cements Hawthorne's dark view of the endless and damaging logic of Puritanism, in which people are not able to be honest with themselves or with each other about their temptations and sins, and they are thus not able to find joy and morality within their own hearts.

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Goodman Brown Character Timeline in Young Goodman Brown

The timeline below shows where the character Goodman Brown appears in Young Goodman Brown. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Young Goodman Brown
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
At sunset in the town of Salem, Massachusetts, a man named Goodman Brown has just stepped over the threshold of the front door of his house. On his... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
Faith pleads with Goodman Brown not to leave her alone all night and instead to set out on his journey... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Now walking along on his way, Goodman Brown feels a crushing sense of guilt over leaving Faith, not just because she begged him... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Goodman Brown resolves, after this one night, to stand by Faith after tonight and someday “follow her... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Goodman Brown ’s confidence doesn’t last long, however. A wave of dread and fear soon overwhelms him... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
...dusk, the narrator describes the man as ordinary and simply dressed, and considerably older than Goodman Brown . He looks enough like Goodman Brown that the two could be mistaken for father... (full context)
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
Sensing that Goodman Brown is tiring, the man offers him his staff to help pick up the pace. Goodman... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
The man shocks Goodman Brown by replying that he was good friends with Goodman Brown’s father, grandfather, and other Puritans... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
...and describes drinking communion wine with deacons, scheming with the courts, and helping the governor. Goodman Brown is amazed, but argues that he has nothing to do with such high-up people, and... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
...comes into sight on the path ahead: Goody Cloyse, a pious old woman who taught Goodman Brown his catechism. She is moving very quickly for such an old woman, and mumbling something... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
To Goodman Brown ’s surprise and horror, Goody Cloyse greets the man as the devil and then addresses... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
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Goodman Brown and the devil walk on together. The narrator says that the devil argues very persuasively... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Just then, Goodman Brown hears horsemen approaching. He feels guilty for being in the forest and so hides behind... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
...voices go away, then come back. The other voices seem to be encouraging Faith onward. Goodman Brown cries out her name three times and hears a scream in reply, followed by distant... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Crazed with despair, losing all hope that there is good on earth, Goodman Brown exclaims, “My Faith is gone!” He calls for the devil and then grasps the devil’s... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
...respected ministers of New England’s churches. A voice calls for the converts to come forward. Goodman Brown steps out of the forest. In the smoke he sees the shape of his dead... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
...at the congregation, and describes the hypocritical piety of all the people assembled there, whom Goodman Brown and the veiled woman have looked up to. The figure promises to tell them all... (full context)
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Nature and the Supernatural Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
The figure then tells them to look at each other. Goodman Brown recognizes the woman beside him as Faith. The narrator describes them as husband and wife... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
Family and Individual Choice Theme Icon
Goodman Brown staggers back to Salem the next morning, staring all around him like a crazy person.... (full context)
The Hypocrisy of Puritanism Theme Icon
Losing Faith and Innocence Theme Icon
Saints vs. Sinners Theme Icon
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The narrator wonders whether Goodman Brown ’s night in the forest could have all been a dream, but says that even... (full context)