A Brief History of Time

A Brief History of Time

by

Stephen Hawking

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Edwin Hubble Character Analysis

In 1924, American astronomer Hubble showed that our galaxy is not the only one. He calculated the distances between numerous galaxies, and in the process discovered the red shift—meaning light from distant galaxies was on the red end of the light spectrum, and as such must be moving away from us. In 1929 Hubble changed everyone’s understanding of the universe for good by revealing that the universe is expanding, and therefore that it could have all started off in one place—thus creating the idea of the big bang. This meant Einstein’s idea of a cosmological constant, or a kind of anti-gravity force, was inaccurate.

Edwin Hubble Quotes in A Brief History of Time

The A Brief History of Time quotes below are all either spoken by Edwin Hubble or refer to Edwin Hubble. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Search for a Unifying Theory of the Universe Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Bantam edition of A Brief History of Time published in 1988.
Chapter 1 Quotes

It is an interesting reflection on the general climate of thought before the twentieth century that no one had suggested that the universe was expanding or contracting. [...] this may have been due to people’s tendency to believe in eternal truths, as well as the comfort they found in the thought that even though they may grow old and die, the universe is eternal and unchanging.

Page Number: 6
Explanation and Analysis:
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Edwin Hubble Character Timeline in A Brief History of Time

The timeline below shows where the character Edwin Hubble appears in A Brief History of Time. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
The Danger of Stubbornness  Theme Icon
Science and Religion Theme Icon
...much the same from both ends of the argument. That changed in 1929 when Edwin Hubble saw that all distant galaxies are moving rapidly away from each other. As such, at... (full context)
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
Hubble’s discovery created the idea of the big bang, a time when the universe was tiny... (full context)
Chapter 3
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
In 1924, Hubble defined our modern understanding of the universe when he showed that ours was not the... (full context)
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
The Danger of Stubbornness  Theme Icon
Hubble worked out distances to nine galaxies this way, showing how there are hundreds of thousands... (full context)
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
As Hubble catalogued the galaxies and their distances from us, he found most galaxies were red-shifted, meaning... (full context)
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
...the universe. This alone suggested the universe is not static, and he suggested it before Hubble's landmark discovery. (full context)
Human Curiosity and Ingenuity Theme Icon
The Danger of Stubbornness  Theme Icon
...other point. The further away two points are, the faster they'll be expanding, just as Hubble found. But despite his accuracy, Friedmann's work was not known in the West until Howard... (full context)