Red Cloud is a Lakota chief. In 1868, Red Cloud and chiefs from other Sioux tribes sign the Fort Laramie Treaty with the U.S. government that creates the Great Sioux Reservation and establishes the Black Hills as exempt from white settlement. However, less than 10 years later, miners enter the Hills illegally when gold is discovered there, and the treaty is eventually broken. Black Elk describes Red Cloud as a “great” chief, though he ultimately thinks that Red Cloud is too passive toward the Wasichus (white people), whom he stopped fighting after signing the Fort Laramie Treaty. Red Cloud and his band are known as “Hang-Around-the-Fort” people because they cooperate with the U.S. government and live on agencies instead of fighting to save their land and preserve their way of life. After the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, Red Cloud makes a speech to the Sioux warriors, persuading them to surrender to the U.S. government.
Red Cloud Quotes in Black Elk Speaks
The Black Elk Speaks quotes below are all either spoken by Red Cloud or refer to Red Cloud. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one: Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the University of Nebraska Press edition of Black Elk Speaks published in 2014.).
Red Cloud Character Timeline in Black Elk Speaks
The timeline below shows where the character Red Cloud appears in Black Elk Speaks. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 2: Early Boyhood
...to describe fighting in the Battle of the Hundred Slain. Fire Thunder explains that Chief Red Cloud had called together the dispersed Lakota bands in the Moon of the Changing Season (October)... (full context)
Chapter 5: At the Soldiers’ Town
...pole and want to fight the Ogalalas in retaliation, but their chief at the time, Red Cloud , tells the soldiers that grown men shouldn’t fight over a child’s foolishness, so nothing... (full context)
Chapter 7: Wasichus in the Hills
Chapter 8: The Fight with Three Stars
Chapter 10: Walking the Black Road
Chapter 11: The Killing of Crazy Horse
Chapter 12: Grandmother’s Land
...Elk’s people to move to a different agency. The band splits up, half going with Red Cloud , and the other half—including Black Elk—going with Spotted Tail. Black Elk and some others... (full context)
Chapter 25: The End of the Dream
...Some warriors want to form a larger war-party, but people are quickly losing faith, and Red Cloud convinces them to surrender because it is winter and he doesn’t think they will make... (full context)