Black Skin, White Masks

by

Frantz Fanon

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Jean-Paul Sartre is a French writer and philosopher, famous for his association with existentialism. Fanon and Sartre mutually influence one another; however, Fanon is also critical of some of Sartre’s ideas. For example, he argues that Sartre’s point that black people should support Négritude despite its profound flaws is patronizing.
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Jean-Paul Sartre Character Timeline in Black Skin, White Masks

The timeline below shows where the character Jean-Paul Sartre appears in Black Skin, White Masks. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 4: The So-Called Dependency Complex of the Colonized
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Desire, Aspiration, and Competition Theme Icon
Fanon concludes that “it is the racist who creates the inferiorized.” This echoes Jean-Paul Sartre, who argues that “it is the anti-Semite who makes the Jew.” Fanon argues that Mannoni... (full context)
Chapter 5: The Lived Experience of the Black Man
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Desire, Aspiration, and Competition Theme Icon
Sartre argues that Jewish people are constantly fearful of confirming anti-Semitic stereotypes, and that this fear... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Fanon moves on to quote Sartre’s critique of the fact that followers of Négritude tend to be “militant Marxists,” who substitute... (full context)