Black Skin, White Masks

by

Frantz Fanon

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Black Skin, White Masks can help.

Octave Mannoni Character Analysis

Octave Mannoni is a French psychoanalyst. The entire fourth chapter of Black Skin, White Masks is dedicated to Fanon’s critique of Mannoni’s book, The Psychology of Colonization (1956). Fanon argues that Mannoni accurately observes certain aspects of the psychological dynamic produced by colonialism, but that his argument is also filled with falsehoods and ultimately perpetuates colonial ideology.

Octave Mannoni Quotes in Black Skin, White Masks

The Black Skin, White Masks quotes below are all either spoken by Octave Mannoni or refer to Octave Mannoni. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Grove Press edition of Black Skin, White Masks published in 2008.
Chapter 4 Quotes

I did not want to be objective. Besides, that would have been dishonest: I found it impossible to be objective.

Related Characters: Frantz Fanon (speaker), Octave Mannoni
Page Number: 67
Explanation and Analysis:
Get the entire Black Skin, White Masks LitChart as a printable PDF.
Black Skin, White Masks PDF

Octave Mannoni Character Timeline in Black Skin, White Masks

The timeline below shows where the character Octave Mannoni appears in Black Skin, White Masks. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 4: The So-Called Dependency Complex of the Colonized
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
...and humiliation of others. Fanon explains that this chapter will cover the French psychoanalyst Octave Mannoni’s book The Psychology of Colonization. Fanon admits that Mannoni’s work is “intellectually honest” and that... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
One problem is that Mannoni argues that the psychological complexes that exist in colonized people have existed since childhood. Fanon... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
...with certain groups of people, but that the entire structure of the country is racist. Mannoni argues that colonial racism is different from other forms of racism, but Fanon rejects this,... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
In contrast to Césaire, Mannoni claims that “European civilization and its best representatives are not responsible for colonial racism.” Fanon... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Desire, Aspiration, and Competition Theme Icon
...Sartre, who argues that “it is the anti-Semite who makes the Jew.” Fanon argues that Mannoni only leaves two options for colonized people: develop an inferiority complex, or become dependent on... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Mannoni claims that when white people arrived in Madagascar, Malagasy people “discovered” they were human, then... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Mannoni doesn’t understand this because he insists that the dependency complex is a fundamental part of... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
Desire, Aspiration, and Competition Theme Icon
In The Psychology of Colonization, Mannoni analyzes seven dreams that he claims are indications of am irrational fear of black people.... (full context)
Colonialism, Diaspora, and Alienation Theme Icon
Material vs. Psychological Oppression Theme Icon
Knowledge vs. Ignorance Theme Icon
Self-Image and Self-Hatred Theme Icon
Desire, Aspiration, and Competition Theme Icon
Mannoni describes “the Prospero complex,” which describes the colonizer’s feelings of paternalistic superiority and also his... (full context)