Down and Out in Paris and London

by

George Orwell

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Down and Out in Paris and London can help.

Down and Out in Paris and London Terms

Boulot

Boulot is a term for the imitation of good service commonly found in expensive restaurants that, according to George Orwell, is basically a sham. This aesthetic is on full display at both the Hotel… (read full term analysis)

Casual Ward

Also referred to in the text as a “spike,” casual wards are prison-like London homeless shelters where men are given food and a room for the night, sometimes in return for manual labor. Orwell meets… (read full term analysis)

Debrouillard

George Orwell uses this French term to characterize the seemingly limitless resourcefulness of plongeurs and other low-level restaurant workers toiling away in the “smart” hotels and restaurants of Paris. Since their pay is low, their… (read full term analysis)

Plongeur

George Orwell works as a plongeur, or dishwasher, at both the Hotel X and Auberge in Paris. The job is back-breaking and, in Orwell’s estimation, completely without purpose. Plongeurs exist only because smart restaurants do… (read full term analysis)