Existentialism Is a Humanism


Jean-Paul Sartre

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Sartre carefully differentiates himself from eighteenth-century atheists like “Diderot, Voltaire, and even Kant” who reject the existence of God but replace religious moral codes with moral codes based on particular views of human nature. For Sartre, these atheists are not existentialists because they do not take the obsolescence of belief in God seriously enough to rethink their moral beliefs. The early atheist belief in “human nature” would still leave morality outside individuals’ control.
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Early Atheists Character Timeline in Existentialism Is a Humanism

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Existentialism Is a Humanism
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...creator: under this view, humans are the material forms of God’s ideas. Sartre suggests that early atheist philosophers, despite dispensing with the idea of God, nevertheless maintained the traditional view that essence... (full context)