Farewell to Manzanar


Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston

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Farewell to Manzanar Symbols


Both in Japanese culture and within the context of Manzanar life, stones symbolize endurance. After fighting publicly with an internee over his decision to sign the Loyalty Oath, Papa returns to the barracks and quietly…

read analysis of Stones

Barbed Wire

When Jeanne and her family first arrive at Manzanar, they are appalled to see the barbed wire that surrounds the camp’s grim enclosure. The fence demonstrates that they aren’t just in “government custody,” they’re in…

read analysis of Barbed Wire