Thales is a pre-Socratic philosopher whom Homunculus consults about achieving a proper existence. In contrast to Anaxagoras, Thales believes that nature was created tranquilly, by water (a theory called Neptunism). He leads Homunculus to the Aegean Sea, the origin of all life, where Homunculus succeeds in escaping his vial and becoming reconciled to the nature.
The timeline below shows where the character Thales appears in Faust. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Part 2: Act 2: Classical Walpurgis Night: The Pharsalian Fields
Homunculus tells Mephistopheles that he’s on the trail of two pre-Socratic philosophers, Anaxagoras and Thales, from whom he hopes to learn about Nature, real existence, and the wisest course for... (full context)
Part 2: Act 2: Classical Walpurgis Night: Rocky Inlets of the Aegean Sea
...open waters. There his lamp illuminates the grace and beauty in the waters. From afar Thales sees Homunculus’ flame burn brighter with passion, till at last Homunculus shatters his vial and... (full context)