Edwin A. Abbott

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Flatland can help.

Light and Shade

Light and shade, as well as dimness/darkness and brightness, are constantly referred to in Flatland as the ways in which the third dimension creates perspective. Throughout his description of Flatland, A Square repeatedly expresses that…

read analysis of Light and Shade


Also mentioned as language. Throughout the book, the characters who are teaching their respective pupils, such as the Sphere with A Square and A Square with the Monarch of Lineland, find it difficult to…

read analysis of Words