Grit

by

Angela Duckworth

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Anders Ericsson was an internationally renowned Swedish psychologist who studied performance and expertise. Ericsson is best remembered for finding that people generally need to practice something for 10,000 hours over 10 years in order to become an expert at it. However, Duckworth focuses on Ericsson’s research into deliberate practice. She argues that deliberate practice is the most efficient way to build skills, which is why high-grit people often use it to improve their performance.

Anders Ericsson Quotes in Grit

The Grit quotes below are all either spoken by Anders Ericsson or refer to Anders Ericsson . For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Scribner edition of Grit published in 2018.
Chapter 7: Practice Quotes

Ericsson generally finds that deliberate practice is experienced as supremely effortful. As evidence that working at the far edge of our skills with complete concentration is exhausting, he points out that even world-class performers at the peak of their careers can only handle a maximum of one hour of deliberate practice before needing a break, and in total, can only do about three to five hours of deliberate practice per day.

Related Characters: Angela Duckworth (speaker), Anders Ericsson
Page Number: 127
Explanation and Analysis:

Gritty people do more deliberate practice and experience more flow. There’s no contradiction here, for two reasons. First, deliberate practice is a behavior, and flow is an experience. Anders Ericsson is talking about what experts do; Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is talking about how experts feel. Second, you don’t have to be doing deliberate practice and experiencing flow at the same time. And, in fact, I think that for most experts, they rarely go together.

Related Characters: Angela Duckworth (speaker), Anders Ericsson
Page Number: 131
Explanation and Analysis:
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Anders Ericsson Character Timeline in Grit

The timeline below shows where the character Anders Ericsson appears in Grit. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 7: Practice
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Psychologist Anders Ericsson famously found that becoming a world-class expert requires an average of 10,000 hours of practice... (full context)
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Ericsson argues that experts improve through “deliberate practice.” They identify their weaknesses, then try to improve... (full context)
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Duckworth teamed up with Ericsson to try and understand whether deliberate practice was the key to success at the National... (full context)
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
...Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi connects expertise to the state of automatic, spontaneous, total concentration known as flow. Ericsson believes that flow is impossible during deliberate practice, which by definition involves planning and suffering.... (full context)