Grit

by

Angela Duckworth

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Deliberate Practice Term Analysis

Deliberate practice is a specific, highly effective, multi-step technique for training skills. The steps in deliberate practice are: identify one’s weaknesses, set firm stretch goals to improve them, practice with full effort and concentration, gather and digest feedback about one’s performance, and repeat.

Deliberate Practice Quotes in Grit

The Grit quotes below are all either spoken by Deliberate Practice or refer to Deliberate Practice. For each quote, you can also see the other terms and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Scribner edition of Grit published in 2018.
Chapter 7: Practice Quotes

Ericsson generally finds that deliberate practice is experienced as supremely effortful. As evidence that working at the far edge of our skills with complete concentration is exhausting, he points out that even world-class performers at the peak of their careers can only handle a maximum of one hour of deliberate practice before needing a break, and in total, can only do about three to five hours of deliberate practice per day.

Related Characters: Angela Duckworth (speaker), Anders Ericsson
Page Number: 127
Explanation and Analysis:

Gritty people do more deliberate practice and experience more flow. There’s no contradiction here, for two reasons. First, deliberate practice is a behavior, and flow is an experience. Anders Ericsson is talking about what experts do; Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is talking about how experts feel. Second, you don’t have to be doing deliberate practice and experiencing flow at the same time. And, in fact, I think that for most experts, they rarely go together.

Related Characters: Angela Duckworth (speaker), Anders Ericsson
Page Number: 131
Explanation and Analysis:

Each of the basic requirements of deliberate practice is unremarkable:

• A clearly defined stretch goal
• Full concentration and effort
• Immediate and informative feedback
• Repetition with reflection and refinement

But how many hours of practice do most people accomplish that checks all four of these boxes? My guess is that many people are cruising through life doing precisely zero hours of daily deliberate practice.

Related Characters: Angela Duckworth (speaker)
Page Number: 137-8
Explanation and Analysis:
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Deliberate Practice Term Timeline in Grit

The timeline below shows where the term Deliberate Practice appears in Grit. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 7: Practice
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Ericsson argues that experts improve through “ deliberate practice .” They identify their weaknesses, then try to improve them by setting specific stretch goals—meaning... (full context)
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Anyone can use deliberate practice to improve. For instance, Benjamin Franklin became a better writer by repeatedly trying to recreate... (full context)
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Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Duckworth teamed up with Ericsson to try and understand whether deliberate practice was the key to success at the National Spelling Bee. Spellers practiced in many ways,... (full context)
Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
...of automatic, spontaneous, total concentration known as flow. Ericsson believes that flow is impossible during deliberate practice , which by definition involves planning and suffering. But Csikszentmihalyi disagrees with Ericsson: when people... (full context)
Passion, Perseverance, and Success Theme Icon
Developing Grit Theme Icon
...people are more likely to experience flow. Of course, they’re also more likely to do deliberate practice . But this makes sense—they practice in order to improve their skills, and they experience... (full context)
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Developing Grit Theme Icon
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Most of the world-class experts Duckworth has interviewed say that deliberate practice is extremely difficult. But many think it’s a positive experience anyway. According to Duckworth’s spelling... (full context)
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Developing Grit Theme Icon
Psychology and Human Development Theme Icon
Duckworth identifies three key steps people must take to benefit from deliberate practice and achieve flow. First, people have to follow the science. They must define specific stretch... (full context)
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Developing Grit Theme Icon
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What’s more, people must make deliberate practice into a habit. If possible, they should do it at the same time and place... (full context)
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People should also try to change their experience of deliberate practice . The swimming coach Terry Laughlin pointed out that swimmers can make practice more pleasurable... (full context)