Half the Sky


Nicholas Kristof

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Half the Sky can help.

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) Term Analysis

Maternal mortality refers to the death of a woman while pregnant (or shortly after pregnancy) due to related complications. The MMR is the ratio of the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. In the United States, for example, the MMR is 11 per 100,000 live births. This is a worse ratio than in Ireland, which is 1 per 100,000 births (the best in the world). In Pakistan, it is around 490, a high MMR, which signals healthcare problems for women. Because women in developing countries have more children and worse healthcare, they face far more risk of death in childbirth. This gap, the book stresses, calls for global action.

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) Quotes in Half the Sky

The Half the Sky quotes below are all either spoken by Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) or refer to Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR). For each quote, you can also see the other terms and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Oppression of Women  Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Vintage edition of Half the Sky published in 2010.
Chapter 6 Quotes

“So lifetime risk of maternal death is one thousand times higher in a poor country than in the West. That should be an international scandal.”

Related Characters: Nicholas D. Kristof (speaker), Sheryl WuDunn (speaker), Catherine Hamlin
Page Number: 99
Explanation and Analysis:
Get the entire Half the Sky LitChart as a printable PDF.
Half the Sky PDF

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) Term Timeline in Half the Sky

The timeline below shows where the term Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) appears in Half the Sky. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 6
The Oppression of Women  Theme Icon
The Complexity of Aid Theme Icon
While other public health issues have improved, maternity health largely hasn’t. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of developing countries is disgracefully worse than in the first world, and since women in... (full context)
Chapter 7
Solutions to Address the Oppression of Women Theme Icon
It’s crucial to note that poverty does not make a high MMR inevitable. The authors write that over fifty years, Sri Lanka brought its MMR down from... (full context)