Girish Karnad

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Hayavadana can help.


A puja is a prayer ritual performed by Hindus to one or more deities. It honors or celebrates the presence of special guests. Hayavadana opens with a puja to Ganesha, a god with the head… read analysis of Puja


The highest ranking of the four castes (or classes) in Hinduism, due to the belief that they are inherently of greater ritual purity than members of other castes. They often specialize as religious leaders and… read analysis of Brahmin


Sati is an obsolete Hindu funeral custom by which widows throw themselves on their husbands’ funeral pyres. This custom was banned in India in 1861. The practice is somewhat subverted in Hayavadana because Padmini performs… read analysis of Sati