Lincoln in the Bardo

Lincoln in the Bardo

by

George Saunders

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Lincoln in the Bardo: Chapter 33 Summary & Analysis

Summary
Analysis
Drifting in and out of consciousness as the tendril wraps around him, Willie dreams of his mother and father, fantasizing about the candy served at the Lincolns’ receptions not long before his death. Remembering the way he used to play with his father, he realizes he’ll never be able to roughhouse with him again. Unless, that is, he remains “strong.” “Must stay,” he thinks. “Is not easy     But I know honor     Fix bayonets     How to be brave     Is not easy     Remember Col. Ellis     Killed by Rebs     For bravely tearing down the Reb flag from a private     I must stay     If I wish to get      Home.”
When Willie says, “Remember Col. Ellis,” he refers to Elmer E. Ellsworth, the first Union officer to die in the Civil War, and the conflict’s first known casualty. In 1861, the president asked him to remove a Confederate flag from a hotel in view of the White House. He was killed while doing this, and his name later became a rallying cry for Union soldiers. In this moment, Willie conflates wartime bravery with the strength it takes to remain in the Bardo, a testament to just how taxing it is for him to tarry in this liminal realm as a child, and also showing his youthful investment in his father’s cause.
Themes
Transition and Impermanence Theme Icon
Vice and Virtue Theme Icon