Metamorphoses

Metamorphoses

by

Ovid

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Summary
Analysis
Even after the transformation of the Trojan ships, Turnus continues to fight Aeneas. Gods fight on both sides of the battle. Turnus no longer hopes to win Lavinia’s hand, but he is too ashamed to stop fighting now that he has started. Finally, Turnus is killed and Aeneas wins. The Trojans burn Turnus’s city, Ardea. From the ashes, a new bird takes flight, carrying Ardea’s grief and history with it.
The transformation of Ardea into a bird is the first instance of a location or city’s metamorphosis into an animal form. This suggests that, as humanity has developed, creating kingdoms and legacies of rule, cities have become an almost personified part of the world.
Themes
Metamorphosis Theme Icon
Humanity vs. Nature  Theme Icon
Quotes