John Raffles is Joshua Rigg’s stepfather. He is an alcoholic who would beat Joshua. Raffles also worked for Bulstrode in the past; Busltrode hired him to find Mrs. Dunkirk’s daughter, Sarah, and then bribed him to pretend that Sarah couldn’t be found. Raffles returns to Middlemarch, threatening to reveal Bulstrode’s secret. Bulstrode tries to pay him off but this does not work. Raffles contracts alcohol poisoning and dies in Bulstrode’s house; Bulstrode hastens his death through improperly overseeing his medical care.
John Raffles Character Timeline in Middlemarch
The timeline below shows where the character John Raffles appears in Middlemarch. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Book 4, Chapter 41
Book 5, Chapter 53
Book 6, Chapter 60
Book 6, Chapter 61
Book 7, Chapter 68
Book 7, Chapter 69
Book 7, Chapter 70
Book 7, Chapter 71
...some gossip about how Bulstrode got his wealth from an old friend of Bulstrode’s called Raffles. Hopkins exclaims that he just conducted a funeral for Raffles the day before, and that... (full context)
Book 8, Chapter 73
...that his whole life has turned into a disaster. Regardless of whether Bulstrode brought about Raffles’s death, Bulstrode is decidedly guilty in the eyes of the community. Lydgate curses himself for... (full context)
Book 8, Chapter 76