symbolizes the worldly pleasures the men are denied within the gulag. Tsezar is the envy of the men of Gang 104, as the contents of his parcels allow him to assuage his hunger and grant him the ability to attain special privileges by paying off the guards. But even though Tsezar receives help with his physical needs, he struggles to adapt to camp life and develop the skills that allow a Zek to survive successfully in the camp. In fact, his parcel makes him a target in the camp, as shown by his fear of losing the contents during the count. In this way, the parcel depicts the futility of investing oneself in the material world. This idea is furthered upon considering Tsezar’s name. “Tsezar” translates to the name “Caesar” in English, who signifies power and privilege in the Bible, and Jesus famously instructs that his followers should "Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's” (Matthew 22:21)—to separate the spiritual from the material, with an emphasis on the importance of the spiritual. Although the Zek’s situation seems as far from “the kingdom of God” as one could possibly go, Alyoshka
does find happiness and meaning in the camp by turning away from the material world that Tsezar’s parcel represents, and Shukhov
shares this sense of joy after he shares his bread freely with Alyoshka.