Colonel Aureliano Buendía fathers seventeen sons with seventeen different women while away fighting in the war. They all arrive in Macondo for the first time in a small span of time, and are baptized with the name Aureliano and the last names of their mothers. The Aurelianos receive ashes on their foreheads on Ash Wednesday that affix permanently to their faces. When Colonel Aureliano Buendía threatens to start his own army with his sons, it is this mark which identifies them for assassination.
17 Aurelianos Character Timeline in One Hundred Years of Solitude
The timeline below shows where the character 17 Aurelianos appears in One Hundred Years of Solitude. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
...The only thing that overwhelms the talk of this miracle is the extermination of the Aurelianos. Colonel Aureliano Buendía had foreseen the tragedy. When he saw Mr. Brown arrive to town... (full context)