Pedagogy of the Oppressed

by

Paulo Freire

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Praxis is the combination of reflecting and acting on the world in order to change it. While human beings seek the freedom to understand and change their conditions, praxis refers to the concrete work of doing so. Oppressed people can use praxis to become more critically aware of their conditions and to begin fighting for liberation; in fact, Freire argues that liberation itself is a kind of praxis.

Praxis Quotes in Pedagogy of the Oppressed

The Pedagogy of the Oppressed quotes below are all either spoken by Praxis or refer to Praxis. For each quote, you can also see the other terms and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Bloomsbury edition of Pedagogy of the Oppressed published in 2000.
Preface Quotes

Thought and study alone did not produce Pedagogy of the Oppressed; it is rooted in concrete situations and describes the reactions of laborers (peasant or urban) and of middle-class persons whom I have observed directly or indirectly during the course of my educative work.

Related Characters: Paulo Freire (speaker)
Related Symbols: Banking
Page Number: 37
Explanation and Analysis:
Chapter 2 Quotes

For apart from inquiry, apart from the praxis, individuals cannot be truly human. Knowledge emerges only through invention and re-invention, through the restless, impatient, continuing, hopeful inquiry human beings pursue in the world, with the world, and with each other.

Related Characters: Paulo Freire (speaker)
Related Symbols: Banking
Page Number: 72
Explanation and Analysis:
Chapter 3 Quotes

To exist, humanly, is to name the world, to change it. Once named, the world in its turn reappears to the namers as a problem and requires of them a new naming. Human beings are not built in silence, but in word, in work, in action-reflection.

Related Characters: Paulo Freire (speaker)
Page Number: 88
Explanation and Analysis:
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Praxis Term Timeline in Pedagogy of the Oppressed

The timeline below shows where the term Praxis appears in Pedagogy of the Oppressed. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Static History vs. Fluid History Theme Icon
Maintaining and Overthrowing Oppression Theme Icon
Dialectics Theme Icon
...and human action can change it for the future. These changes can only occur through “praxis,” the combination of reflection and action aimed at transforming the world. When only one occurs,... (full context)
Chapter 2
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Education Theme Icon
...problematic because it stifles creativity, and does not encourage students to ask new questions through praxis. (full context)
Chapter 3
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Maintaining and Overthrowing Oppression Theme Icon
...the previous chapter. He asserts that dialogue primarily consists of “the word”—which he equates with praxis, the combination of reflection and action. When reflection is not paired with action, it becomes... (full context)
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Maintaining and Overthrowing Oppression Theme Icon
...between the dialoguers; Freire argues that this trust consists of reflection and action, just like praxis. (full context)
Static History vs. Fluid History Theme Icon
Dialectics Theme Icon
...not permanent and can be overcome. Freire, in turn, sees history as the result of praxis, reflecting and acting on the world in order to change it. He divides history into... (full context)
Chapter 4
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Maintaining and Overthrowing Oppression Theme Icon
...people create changes in their culture and society. He starts by reiterating the need for praxis (combined reflection and action) and argues that praxis requires theory (a critical framework) in order... (full context)
Freedom and Oppression Theme Icon
Maintaining and Overthrowing Oppression Theme Icon
...to theorize methods for domination. This theory of dialogical action is the direct result of praxis and dialogue among the oppressed and leaders, with the goal of humanizing all people. (full context)