Though many characters in Persepolis appear and then disappear, Marjane’s parents are constants in the graphic novel, the two people who most affect Marjane, and whose cues and beliefs Marjane follows or alternately disregards over the course of her growing up. Educated, politically active, and modern, and accepting of Western culture, Marjane’s parents represent for her an ideal mode of living. During the Revolution her parents demonstrate against the Shah and take other risks to achieve the kind of government they think is best for the people. They are dismayed, however, when the regime that takes the Shah’s place is even more repressive, and though at first they demonstrate against the Islamic Republic, too, and even let Marjane come along—though they always worry about what information to share with her and from what she should remain protected—they realize the danger is too great. They continue living secular, modern lives—but only while indoors. Still, they wish to give Marjane the kind of education and life that will most benefit her, and by the end of the graphic novel they decide that what is best for Marjane is if she leaves them for the foreseeable future and completes her education in Vienna, Austria, away from the repressive Iranian regime.