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A lampoon is a type of comedy in which a single person is satirized. According to Aristotle, when comedy first emerged, lampoonists were known as poets of comedy because comedy was more highly regarded as a form of poetry than lampoons. Aristotle claims that Crates, an Athenian comic poet from the fifth century B.C.E., was the first to develop universal comic storylines rather than just lampoons.
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Lampoon Term Timeline in Poetics

The timeline below shows where the term Lampoon appears in Poetics. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 3. The Anthropology and History of Poetry
Tragedy vs. Epic Poetry  Theme Icon
Imitation  Theme Icon
However, Homer also wrote lampoons, and Homer’s Margites is as important to comedy as the Iliad and the Odyssey are... (full context)
Chapter 5. Plot: Basic Concepts
Tragedy vs. Epic Poetry  Theme Icon
Imitation  Theme Icon
Component Parts and Balance  Theme Icon
...probabilities, and then characters are selected. This process is different from the construction of a lampoon or tragedy, which often focus on a specific person. What has happened is possible in... (full context)