Shakuntala

by

Kalidasa

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Shakuntala can help.

Shakuntala Character Analysis

Shakuntala is the heroine of the play. A beautiful young woman, she is the daughter of a royal sage and the nymph Menaka, and the foster daughter of Kanva. She lives as an ascetic in Kanva’s hermitage, where she tends the sacred trees and loves them like sisters. When King Dusyanta visits the hermitage, she is instantly attracted to him and vice versa. However, she is shy and modestly conceals her feelings in his presence. When Dusyanta is to leave, she becomes gravely ill with longing. Her friends Anasuya and Priyamvada hatch a plan to convey Shakuntala’s feelings to Dusyanta, but he overhears a love poem she’s written, and they’re quickly married by common consent. She soon becomes pregnant with Dusyanta’s son, Sarvadamana. After Dusyanta returns to the capital, Shakuntala is distracted and accidentally incurs the curse of Durvasas, ensuring that when she joins Dusyanta in the capital, he fails to recognize her or to remember their marriage. Though she boldly defends herself against the King’s denial, it’s to no avail, and Shakuntala begs the earth to swallow her whole. Then she’s spirited away by nymphs to the celestial realm, Marica’s hermitage, where she gives birth and raises her son. When Dusyanta discovers her there six years later, she doesn’t recognize him at first, but they’re quickly reconciled and return to his capital together, along with their son.

Shakuntala Quotes in Shakuntala

The Shakuntala quotes below are all either spoken by Shakuntala or refer to Shakuntala. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Oxford University Press edition of Shakuntala published in 2008.
Act 1 Quotes

ANASUYA. Dear Shakuntala, here’s that jasmine you call Light of the Forest. She’s chosen the fragrant mango as her bridegroom. You’ve forgotten her.

SHAKUNTALA. Only when I forget myself. [Approaches the jasmine and gazes at it] The union of this tree and this jasmine has taken place at the most wonderful time—the jasmine is a young plant, covered in fresh blossoms, the mango has soft buds, and is ready for enjoyment…

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), Anasuya (speaker)
Related Symbols: Trees
Page Number: 12
Explanation and Analysis:

KING. […] Because I’m so eager to hear about the lives of the virtuous, there is another question I should like to ask.

PRIYAMVADA. Don’t hesitate, my lord—there are no bars to what you may ask an ascetic.

KING. Then tell me this about your friend:

How long will she keep her love-starved hermit vows—
Till she changes them for the marriage kind?
Or will she live forever among these hinds,
Doe-eyed among her beloved does?

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Priyamvada (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Deer
Page Number: 17
Explanation and Analysis:

SHAKUNTALA. Anasuya! I’ve spiked my foot on a blade of grass . . . And now my blouse is snagged on a branch. Wait while I free myself!

[Using this pretense to remain gazing at the king, SHAKUNTALA finally leaves with her friends]

KING. Suddenly, the city doesn’t seem so attractive. I’ll link up with my followers and camp just outside this sacred grove. The truth is, I can’t get Shakuntala out of my head.

My body forges on, my restless mind streams back—
A silken banner borne against the wind.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Anasuya
Page Number: 20
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 2 Quotes

BOTH SEERS. The inhabitants of the ashram have learnt that Your Honor is here, and they have a request to make of you.

KING. Their wish is my command.

BOTH SEERS. They say that, owing to the absence of the great and revered sage Kanva, evil spirits are disrupting their rituals, and so they ask that you should come with your driver and protect the ashram for the next few nights.

KING. It's an honor to be asked.

VIDUSAKA [aside]. This couldn't be better if you'd planned it yourself.

[…]

BOTH SEERS [with delight].

And so you are at one with your ancestors:
For all the descendants of Puru are initiates
In that great sacrifice which protects
The afflicted and alleviates
Their pain.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Vidusaka (speaker), Shakuntala, Kanva
Page Number: 29
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 3 Quotes

KING. Shakuntala seems to be very ill. [Pondering] Now, is it the heat, or is it the heart, as it is with me? [Gazing with longing] But there’s really no question:

Her breasts are smeared with lotus balm,
Her fibre bracelet slips her wrist,
Her body’s racked—and lovely still,
The summer sears her—but so does love,
And love with greater skill.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 34
Explanation and Analysis:

SHAKUNTALA.
I cannot say I know your mind,
But day and night the god of love
Injects that pain through all my limbs,
Which you prepared—ah sweet unkind—
I cannot say I know your mind.

KING [revealing himself suddenly].

Slender lady, you should know
That same love which tortures you
Consumes me quite—
The sun, that merely dulls the lotus’ glow,
Engulfs the moon in azure light.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Anasuya, Priyamvada
Page Number: 37
Explanation and Analysis:

KING. Timid fawn—don't worry about your elders! The father of your family knows the law, and he shall find no fault in what you've done. Besides:

You wouldn't be the first royal sage's daughter
To take a prince for love—
And receive her father's blessings later.

SHAKUNTALA. Let me go now. I need to ask my friends’ advice.

KING. Yes. I shall release you—

SHAKUNTALA. When?

KING. When?

When, like a bee, I kiss the bud of your unbruised lip
And flood my thirsting mouth with nectar.

[With these words, he tries to raise her face. SHAKUNTALA evades him with a dance]

OFF-STAGE VOICE. Red goose, take leave of your gander. Night is falling!

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Gautami (speaker)
Related Symbols: Bees, Deer
Page Number: 40
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 4 Quotes

OFF-STAGE VOICE. So, you slight a guest, do you?

That man whose brilliance
Robs your thought of everything, including me,
A great ascetic fired by penance—
That man, though prompted,
Shall not remember you at all,
Like a drunken sot, who cannot recall
What he said in his cups the night before.

PRIYAMVADA. Ah! What a disaster! Absent-minded Shakuntala has offended someone she should have welcomed. [Looking ahead] And not just anyone—it’s the great sage Durvasas—short-tempered’s not the word! Now he’s cursed her, spun on his heel, and shot off like a flaming arrow!

Related Characters: Durvasas (speaker), Priyamvada (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 44
Explanation and Analysis:

SHAKUNTALA [aside]. Anasuya, mark that! How the wild goose honks in anguish because her mate is hidden by lotus leaves . . . But my suffering is worse.

[ANASUYA] Don’t say that, my dear!

Though the night seems everlasting
Without her mate,
Hope lifts her—time burns,
And she’ll endure the weight
Of separation.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), Anasuya (speaker)
Page Number: 53
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 5 Quotes

VOICE [singing in the air].

Have you forgotten—forgotten so soon,
How you settled on the mango bloom,
Turning nectar to honey with kisses?
Have you really forgotten what bliss is?
To change it so quickly
For the wan and sickly
Night-flowering lotus?

[…]

KING [to himself]. Why should this song fill me with desire, when I'm not even separated from someone I love? But perhaps

It's what survives of love from other lives,
Trapped in certain forms and sounds,
And then released by song,
That keys my mood
From happiness to longing.

[He remains in some bewilderment]

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Lady Hamsapadika (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 57
Explanation and Analysis:

KING [staring at Shakuntala; to himself].

They offer me this flawless girl…
Could I have married her? I no longer know.
Like a bee mithering at dawn
Round a jasmine soaked in dew,
I can neither approach her, nor go.

[He remains thinking]

Doorkeeper [to herself]. Ah, duty always comes first for my lord. Who else would hesitate, faced with such a free and beautiful offer?

SARNGARAVA. So, king, why do you remain silent?

KING. Ascetics, however hard I try, I don’t remember marrying this lady. So how can I accept her when she’s obviously pregnant, and I have no reason to believe it’s anything to do with me?

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sarngarava (speaker), Doorkeeper (speaker), Shakuntala, Durvasas
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 63
Explanation and Analysis:

SHAKUNTALA [aside]. What's the use in reminding him, when passion can change so monstrously? But I owe it to myself to clear my name. [Aloud] Dear husband—[she breaks off in the middle]—no, my right to address you in that way has been cast into doubt. Puru King, then . . . It becomes you very well to disown a naive and innocent girl with meagre words, after you used them so richly to deceive me in the hermitage.

KING [covering his ears]. Enough of this wickedness!

What are you doing?
Like a torrent in spate,
Dissolving its banks,
Undercutting great trees,
You pollute yourself and your family's name
In your vile attempt to shame
And drag me down.

SHAKUNTALA. Very well! If you really think you're in danger of taking another man's wife, let me show you something that will refresh your memory.

KING. An excellent idea.

SHAKUNTALA [feeling her ring-finger]. No! It can’t be! The ring has gone from my finger!

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker)
Page Number: 65
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 6  Quotes

CHAMBERLAIN [observing the KING]. Whatever the conditions, exceptional beauty always entrances us. Even though wasted with remorse, the king looks wonderful.

Instead of jewels, he wears a single band
Above his left-hand wrist; his lips are cracked
By sighs; brooding all night has drained his eyes
Of lustre; yet, just as grinding reveals
A gem, his austerity lays bare
An inner brilliance and an ideal form.

SAMUMATI [aside, staring at the KING]. I can see why Shakuntala goes on pining for him, even though he rejected and humiliated her.

KING [pacing about slowly, deep in thought].

Useless heart—buried in sleep
When my doe-eyed girl
Tried to wake it.
Now it beats in pain
To each pang of remorse,
And shall never sleep again.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sanumati (speaker), Chamberlain (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Deer
Page Number: 75
Explanation and Analysis:

KING [sighing].

I rejected my love when she stood before me,
Yet now I'm obsessed by her painted image:
I crossed the stream of living water
To drink from a mirage.

VIDUSAKA [aside]. It's too late for the river now, but there's no dispelling the mirage.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Vidusaka (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 81
Explanation and Analysis:

KING.

I planted the seed of myself,
Then, without lawful reason,
Abandoned my fruitful wife,
Blighting that golden season.

SANUMATI [aside]. Yet your line will not be broken.

CATURIKA. [whispering to the DOORKEEPER]. This story about the merchant has only compounded His Majesty's suffering. Go and fetch noble Madhavya from the Palace of Clouds to console him.

DOORKEEPER. A good idea! [Exits]

KING. Dusyanta's ancestors are unsettled and ask:

‘Who will feed us in the afterlife
As he does now, if there is no heir?’
And thus distressed, they drink the offering
Mixed with tears. [He faints]

CATURIKA [looking at him in consternation]. You’ll be all right, my lord!

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sanumati (speaker), Caturika (speaker), Doorkeeper (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 86
Explanation and Analysis:

KING. Indra honors me, indeed. But why this rough treatment of Madhavya?

MATALI. Quite simple. I saw you were depressed for one reason or another, and sought to rouse you by making you angry.

Stir the embers and the fire leaps up,
Threaten the snake and its hood expands—
Everything in nature, if provoked, responds.

KING [aside to the VIDUSAKA]. Friend, I cannot ignore the Lord of Heaven's command. Inform Minister Pisuna what's happened, and tell him this from me:

Concentrate your mind on protecting the realm:
My bow and I have godly business to perform.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Matali (speaker), Shakuntala, Vidusaka
Page Number: 89
Explanation and Analysis:
Act 7  Quotes

KING [seeing Shakuntala]. Ah, it is the lady Shakuntala!

Her robes are dusky, drab,
Her hair a single braid,
Her cheeks drawn in by penance—
She’s been so pure and constant
In that vow of separation
I so callously began.

SHAKUNTALA [seeing the KING pale from suffering]. He doesn’t look like my husband. Who is this who dares to pollute my son with his touch, in spite of the amulet?

BOY [running to his mother]. Mamma, this stranger is calling me his son!

KING. My dear, that cruelty I practiced on you has come full circle, since now it is I who need to be recognized by you.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Sarvadamana (speaker)
Page Number: 98
Explanation and Analysis:

MARICA. When Menaka came to Aditi, transporting her daughter from the nymphs' ford in such obvious distress, I saw, in meditation, that you had rejected your forest wife because of a curse, spoken by Durvasas. I saw too that the curse would lift when you caught sight of this ring.

KING [sighing with relief]. So—I am not to blame.

SHAKUNTALA [to herself]. It's good to know my husband didn't reject me for no reason at all. And yet I don't remember being cursed. Or perhaps it fell unnoticed through the emptiness of separation that engulfed me then. My friends did urge me to show the ring to my husband.

MARICA. Daughter, now you know the truth. Feel no resentment towards your lord:

When his memory was cursed,
Your husband was cruel to you,
But that darkness has lifted
And your power's renewed;
The mirror was tarnished,
The image obscure,
But with polishing
It all becomes clear.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Marica (speaker), Durvasas
Page Number: 103
Explanation and Analysis:
Get the entire Shakuntala LitChart as a printable PDF.
Shakuntala PDF

Shakuntala Character Timeline in Shakuntala

The timeline below shows where the character Shakuntala appears in Shakuntala. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Act 1
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
...at home, because he has gone to appease the gods on behalf of his daughter, Shakuntala, who’s been left behind to receive guests. (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...water the trees. He hides himself in the shadows to observe the “charming sight.” It’s Shakuntala, with her two friends, Anasuya and Priyamvada. Shakuntala chats with her friends as they work,... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
...surprised to see Kanva’s beautiful daughter doing menial tasks. He watches her more intently. As Shakuntala loosens her chafing bark garment, the King remarks to himself that “this slight child beggars... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
As Shakuntala waters a mango tree, Priyamvada remarks that “with you next to it, that tree looks... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Shakuntala then approaches the jasmine tree she has named Light of the Forest. Gazing at it,... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Priyamvada comments playfully that Shakuntala is thinking along these lines because she, too, wants a suitable husband. The King thinks... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala’s friends say that she should call on King Dusyanta for help, since he’s the protector... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala wonders how it’s happened that “simply at the sight of this man, I am shaken... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
...it’s possible that the chaste sage Kanva has a daughter. Anasuya explains that Kanva is Shakuntala’s foster father. She’s the biological daughter of a royal sage and a nymph, Menaka, who... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Dusyanta is “eager to hear about the lives of the virtuous” and asks how long Shakuntala “will […] keep her love-starved hermit vows / Till she changes them for the marriage... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
The King observes that Shakuntala is exhausted from watering and offers her his signet ring as a way of discharging... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
...grove, scattering the deer and sending an elephant on a rampage. As they part ways, Shakuntala lingers on the pretense of a snagged blouse, watching Dusyanta. The King thinks, “Suddenly, the... (full context)
Act 2
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
...with Dusyanta on his hunting trips—and now the King was awake all night meditating on Shakuntala. As the King enters, he’s still wondering if he dares hope that Shakuntala is attracted... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
...the ascetics’ grove in any way. Then Dusyanta turns to Vidusaka for advice. He describes Shakuntala and their interactions the day before, Vidusaka teasing him that he’s “turned the penance-grove into... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
...ritual. Before he leaves, however, Dusyanta, fearing Vidusaka will gossip, pretends that his feelings for Shakuntala aren’t serious. (full context)
Act 3
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...order to quell the disruptive demons. He then speaks to Priyamvada, offstage, who reports that Shakuntala has been stricken with heatstroke. The King, meanwhile, is depressed that there’s no longer anything... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Priyamvada and Anasuya are fanning Shakuntala with a lotus leaf, but she hardly seems to be aware of it. Noting how... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala’s friends ponder how best to help her. Priyamvada says it’s obvious that the King shares... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
As Dusyanta sits next to the embarrassed Shakuntala, Priyamvada says that since it’s the King’s duty to relieve the pain of his subjects,... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
When Gautami, the senior female ascetic, comes in search of Shakuntala, Shakuntala sorrowfully takes leave of Dusyanta. Dusyanta grieves their separation, regretting not having kissed her.... (full context)
Act 4
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Anasuya and Priyamvada enter, talking about how well Shakuntala’s secret marriage is working out. But Anasuya worries what will happen now that the King’s... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...recall / What he said in his cups the night before.” The girls realize that Shakuntala has, disastrously, failed to welcome Durvasas with the formality he expects. Priyamvada rushes to placate... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala is full of grief in Dusyanta’s absence. Anasuya frets about the King’s failure to even... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Suddenly Priyamvada appears, delighted—they are to celebrate Shakuntala’s departure as a bride. It turns out that Kanva, while making a sacrifice, heard a... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Priyamvada, Anasuya, and the other hermit women shower Shakuntala with blessings. They also adorn her with ornaments which the forest trees have miraculously provided:... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
The trees of the forest bless Shakuntala, and she and Kanva share an emotional farewell. As Shakuntala bids goodbye to her favorite... (full context)
Act 5
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
As her party approaches the King, Shakuntala’s right eyelid trembles—an evil omen. The King, seeing Shakuntala at a distance, wonders, “Who is... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
One of Kanva’s messengers informs the King that Kanva isn’t displeased with Shakuntala’s secret marriage, since the two are so well matched in honor and virtue. Now that... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
One of the ascetics lifts the despondent Shakuntala’s veil so that Dusyanta will know her, but he continues to regard her in silence,... (full context)
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
The more Shakuntala tries to spark Dusyanta’s memory, the more he accuses her of using “honeyed words” to... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
The ascetics prepare to go, telling Dusyanta it’s up to him to take or leave Shakuntala, since “a husband’s power is absolute.” They call Shakuntala presumptuous, saying that if she’s what... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...he’ll bear the bodily signs of a world emperor—the priest encourages the king to house Shakuntala until she gives birth, and then they can see the truth for themselves. Before Dusyanta... (full context)
Act 6 
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
A nymph, Sanumati, enters. She’s a friend of Menaka, Shakuntala’s mother, and has promised to help Shakuntala. She wonders why the palace isn’t being prepared... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...questioning, the chamberlain explains that the festival has been cancelled due to “the scandal of Shakuntala.” It turns out that when he saw the ring, Dusyanta remembered that he really did... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...ideal form.” The king paces, speaking of his heart’s remorse. Sanumati, invisibly watching, notes that Shakuntala feels the same grief. Vidusaka, looking on, calls the king’s illness “Shakuntala fever.” (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...the mango tree. He sits in the jasmine bower, where the vines remind him of Shakuntala. Sanumati hides behind the vines, watching. (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Vidusaka tries to cheer the King, arguing that if indeed Shakuntala was carried away by nymphs, then surely Menaka will take pity on her daughter and... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Then a maidservant, Caturika, enters, carrying a portrait of Shakuntala painted by the King. As Dusyanta resumes work on the painting, he laments that he... (full context)
Act 7 
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...is further excited when the ascetic happens to mention that the boy’s mother’s name is Shakuntala. When the boy drops his protective amulet, Dusyanta picks it up. The ascetics are shocked,... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala enters. The King recognizes her at once: “Her robes are dusky, drab, / Her hair... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
Shakuntala doesn’t think that the pale King resembles her husband. Dusyanta says, “My dear, that cruelty... (full context)
The Natural World, The Body, and Spiritual Beauty Theme Icon
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
As Shakuntala breaks down in tears, Dusyanta tells his wife that “In looking on your pale /... (full context)
Duty vs. Love Theme Icon
Prophecies and Curses Theme Icon
Concealment and Separation Theme Icon
...Marica. Marica and his wife, Aditi, the parents of Indra, greet and bless Dusyanta and Shakuntala: “Fortune unites faith, wealth, and order: / Shakuntala the pure, her noble son, the king.”... (full context)