Shakuntala

Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Oxford University Press edition of Shakuntala published in 2008.
Act 1 Quotes

VAIKHANASA. King, this is a hermitage deer. You should not—you must not kill it!

Indeed, indeed, no missile should be shot,
Scorching, like a flame through velvet petals,
This young fawn’s tender head.
Alas, what is the filigree life
In this poor animal’s frame,
Beside the adamantine rain
Of bowshot?

Related Characters: Vaikhanasa (speaker), King Dusyanta
Related Symbols: Deer
Page Number: 8
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ANASUYA. Dear Shakuntala, here’s that jasmine you call Light of the Forest. She’s chosen the fragrant mango as her bridegroom. You’ve forgotten her.

SHAKUNTALA. Only when I forget myself. [Approaches the jasmine and gazes at it] The union of this tree and this jasmine has taken place at the most wonderful time—the jasmine is a young plant, covered in fresh blossoms, the mango has soft buds, and is ready for enjoyment…

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), Anasuya (speaker)
Related Symbols: Trees
Page Number: 12
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KING. […] Because I’m so eager to hear about the lives of the virtuous, there is another question I should like to ask.

PRIYAMVADA. Don’t hesitate, my lord—there are no bars to what you may ask an ascetic.

KING. Then tell me this about your friend:

How long will she keep her love-starved hermit vows—
Till she changes them for the marriage kind?
Or will she live forever among these hinds,
Doe-eyed among her beloved does?

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Priyamvada (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Deer
Page Number: 17
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SHAKUNTALA. Anasuya! I’ve spiked my foot on a blade of grass . . . And now my blouse is snagged on a branch. Wait while I free myself!

[Using this pretense to remain gazing at the king, SHAKUNTALA finally leaves with her friends]

KING. Suddenly, the city doesn’t seem so attractive. I’ll link up with my followers and camp just outside this sacred grove. The truth is, I can’t get Shakuntala out of my head.

My body forges on, my restless mind streams back—
A silken banner borne against the wind.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Anasuya
Page Number: 20
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Act 2 Quotes

BOTH SEERS. The inhabitants of the ashram have learnt that Your Honor is here, and they have a request to make of you.

KING. Their wish is my command.

BOTH SEERS. They say that, owing to the absence of the great and revered sage Kanva, evil spirits are disrupting their rituals, and so they ask that you should come with your driver and protect the ashram for the next few nights.

KING. It's an honor to be asked.

VIDUSAKA [aside]. This couldn't be better if you'd planned it yourself.

[…]

BOTH SEERS [with delight].

And so you are at one with your ancestors:
For all the descendants of Puru are initiates
In that great sacrifice which protects
The afflicted and alleviates
Their pain.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Vidusaka (speaker), Shakuntala, Kanva
Page Number: 29
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Act 3 Quotes

KING. Shakuntala seems to be very ill. [Pondering] Now, is it the heat, or is it the heart, as it is with me? [Gazing with longing] But there’s really no question:

Her breasts are smeared with lotus balm,
Her fibre bracelet slips her wrist,
Her body’s racked—and lovely still,
The summer sears her—but so does love,
And love with greater skill.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 34
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SHAKUNTALA.
I cannot say I know your mind,
But day and night the god of love
Injects that pain through all my limbs,
Which you prepared—ah sweet unkind—
I cannot say I know your mind.

KING [revealing himself suddenly].

Slender lady, you should know
That same love which tortures you
Consumes me quite—
The sun, that merely dulls the lotus’ glow,
Engulfs the moon in azure light.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Anasuya, Priyamvada
Page Number: 37
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KING. Timid fawn—don't worry about your elders! The father of your family knows the law, and he shall find no fault in what you've done. Besides:

You wouldn't be the first royal sage's daughter
To take a prince for love—
And receive her father's blessings later.

SHAKUNTALA. Let me go now. I need to ask my friends’ advice.

KING. Yes. I shall release you—

SHAKUNTALA. When?

KING. When?

When, like a bee, I kiss the bud of your unbruised lip
And flood my thirsting mouth with nectar.

[With these words, he tries to raise her face. SHAKUNTALA evades him with a dance]

OFF-STAGE VOICE. Red goose, take leave of your gander. Night is falling!

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Gautami (speaker)
Related Symbols: Bees, Deer
Page Number: 40
Explanation and Analysis:
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Act 4 Quotes

OFF-STAGE VOICE. So, you slight a guest, do you?

That man whose brilliance
Robs your thought of everything, including me,
A great ascetic fired by penance—
That man, though prompted,
Shall not remember you at all,
Like a drunken sot, who cannot recall
What he said in his cups the night before.

PRIYAMVADA. Ah! What a disaster! Absent-minded Shakuntala has offended someone she should have welcomed. [Looking ahead] And not just anyone—it’s the great sage Durvasas—short-tempered’s not the word! Now he’s cursed her, spun on his heel, and shot off like a flaming arrow!

Related Characters: Durvasas (speaker), Priyamvada (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 44
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SHAKUNTALA [aside]. Anasuya, mark that! How the wild goose honks in anguish because her mate is hidden by lotus leaves . . . But my suffering is worse.

[ANASUYA] Don’t say that, my dear!

Though the night seems everlasting
Without her mate,
Hope lifts her—time burns,
And she’ll endure the weight
Of separation.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), Anasuya (speaker)
Page Number: 53
Explanation and Analysis:
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Act 5 Quotes

VOICE [singing in the air].

Have you forgotten—forgotten so soon,
How you settled on the mango bloom,
Turning nectar to honey with kisses?
Have you really forgotten what bliss is?
To change it so quickly
For the wan and sickly
Night-flowering lotus?

[…]

KING [to himself]. Why should this song fill me with desire, when I'm not even separated from someone I love? But perhaps

It's what survives of love from other lives,
Trapped in certain forms and sounds,
And then released by song,
That keys my mood
From happiness to longing.

[He remains in some bewilderment]

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Lady Hamsapadika (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 57
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KING [staring at Shakuntala; to himself].

They offer me this flawless girl…
Could I have married her? I no longer know.
Like a bee mithering at dawn
Round a jasmine soaked in dew,
I can neither approach her, nor go.

[He remains thinking]

Doorkeeper [to herself]. Ah, duty always comes first for my lord. Who else would hesitate, faced with such a free and beautiful offer?

SARNGARAVA. So, king, why do you remain silent?

KING. Ascetics, however hard I try, I don’t remember marrying this lady. So how can I accept her when she’s obviously pregnant, and I have no reason to believe it’s anything to do with me?

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sarngarava (speaker), Doorkeeper (speaker), Shakuntala, Durvasas
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 63
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SHAKUNTALA [aside]. What's the use in reminding him, when passion can change so monstrously? But I owe it to myself to clear my name. [Aloud] Dear husband—[she breaks off in the middle]—no, my right to address you in that way has been cast into doubt. Puru King, then . . . It becomes you very well to disown a naive and innocent girl with meagre words, after you used them so richly to deceive me in the hermitage.

KING [covering his ears]. Enough of this wickedness!

What are you doing?
Like a torrent in spate,
Dissolving its banks,
Undercutting great trees,
You pollute yourself and your family's name
In your vile attempt to shame
And drag me down.

SHAKUNTALA. Very well! If you really think you're in danger of taking another man's wife, let me show you something that will refresh your memory.

KING. An excellent idea.

SHAKUNTALA [feeling her ring-finger]. No! It can’t be! The ring has gone from my finger!

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker)
Page Number: 65
Explanation and Analysis:
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Act 6  Quotes

CHAMBERLAIN [observing the KING]. Whatever the conditions, exceptional beauty always entrances us. Even though wasted with remorse, the king looks wonderful.

Instead of jewels, he wears a single band
Above his left-hand wrist; his lips are cracked
By sighs; brooding all night has drained his eyes
Of lustre; yet, just as grinding reveals
A gem, his austerity lays bare
An inner brilliance and an ideal form.

SAMUMATI [aside, staring at the KING]. I can see why Shakuntala goes on pining for him, even though he rejected and humiliated her.

KING [pacing about slowly, deep in thought].

Useless heart—buried in sleep
When my doe-eyed girl
Tried to wake it.
Now it beats in pain
To each pang of remorse,
And shall never sleep again.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sanumati (speaker), Chamberlain (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Deer
Page Number: 75
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KING [sighing].

I rejected my love when she stood before me,
Yet now I'm obsessed by her painted image:
I crossed the stream of living water
To drink from a mirage.

VIDUSAKA [aside]. It's too late for the river now, but there's no dispelling the mirage.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Vidusaka (speaker), Shakuntala
Related Symbols: Bees
Page Number: 81
Explanation and Analysis:
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KING.

I planted the seed of myself,
Then, without lawful reason,
Abandoned my fruitful wife,
Blighting that golden season.

SANUMATI [aside]. Yet your line will not be broken.

CATURIKA. [whispering to the DOORKEEPER]. This story about the merchant has only compounded His Majesty's suffering. Go and fetch noble Madhavya from the Palace of Clouds to console him.

DOORKEEPER. A good idea! [Exits]

KING. Dusyanta's ancestors are unsettled and ask:

‘Who will feed us in the afterlife
As he does now, if there is no heir?’
And thus distressed, they drink the offering
Mixed with tears. [He faints]

CATURIKA [looking at him in consternation]. You’ll be all right, my lord!

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Sanumati (speaker), Caturika (speaker), Doorkeeper (speaker), Shakuntala
Page Number: 86
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KING. Indra honors me, indeed. But why this rough treatment of Madhavya?

MATALI. Quite simple. I saw you were depressed for one reason or another, and sought to rouse you by making you angry.

Stir the embers and the fire leaps up,
Threaten the snake and its hood expands—
Everything in nature, if provoked, responds.

KING [aside to the VIDUSAKA]. Friend, I cannot ignore the Lord of Heaven's command. Inform Minister Pisuna what's happened, and tell him this from me:

Concentrate your mind on protecting the realm:
My bow and I have godly business to perform.

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Matali (speaker), Shakuntala, Vidusaka
Page Number: 89
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Act 7  Quotes

MATALI [looking at the king]. Your Majesty could sit at the foot of this ashoka tree, while I find the right moment to announce your arrival to Indra’s father.

KING. Whatever you advise. [He sits.]

MATALI. I shall go now. [He exits.]

KING [sensing an omen].

My desire is hopeless, yet this vein
Throbs in my arm—
Once abandoned, fortune
Is incessant pain.

OFF-STAGE VOICE. Don’t act so rashly! How he reverts to his nature!

KING [listening]. This is no place for uncontrolled behavior. Who can they be reprimanding? [Looking in the direction of the voice, surprised] Ah! And what kind of child is this, guarded by two female ascetics, and so much stronger than his years? […] Why am I drawn to this child, as though to my own son?

Related Characters: King Dusyanta (speaker), Matali (speaker), Sarvadamana
Page Number: 94
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KING [seeing Shakuntala]. Ah, it is the lady Shakuntala!

Her robes are dusky, drab,
Her hair a single braid,
Her cheeks drawn in by penance—
She’s been so pure and constant
In that vow of separation
I so callously began.

SHAKUNTALA [seeing the KING pale from suffering]. He doesn’t look like my husband. Who is this who dares to pollute my son with his touch, in spite of the amulet?

BOY [running to his mother]. Mamma, this stranger is calling me his son!

KING. My dear, that cruelty I practiced on you has come full circle, since now it is I who need to be recognized by you.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Sarvadamana (speaker)
Page Number: 98
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MARICA. When Menaka came to Aditi, transporting her daughter from the nymphs' ford in such obvious distress, I saw, in meditation, that you had rejected your forest wife because of a curse, spoken by Durvasas. I saw too that the curse would lift when you caught sight of this ring.

KING [sighing with relief]. So—I am not to blame.

SHAKUNTALA [to herself]. It's good to know my husband didn't reject me for no reason at all. And yet I don't remember being cursed. Or perhaps it fell unnoticed through the emptiness of separation that engulfed me then. My friends did urge me to show the ring to my husband.

MARICA. Daughter, now you know the truth. Feel no resentment towards your lord:

When his memory was cursed,
Your husband was cruel to you,
But that darkness has lifted
And your power's renewed;
The mirror was tarnished,
The image obscure,
But with polishing
It all becomes clear.

Related Characters: Shakuntala (speaker), King Dusyanta (speaker), Marica (speaker), Durvasas
Page Number: 103
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