She Stoops to Conquer

by

Oliver Goldsmith

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Tony Lumpkin, Esquire Character Analysis

Clever but uneducated and rustic, Tony Lumpkin is sick of his mother Mrs. Hardcastle’s domineering personality and eager for the time when he will inherit a substantial fortune and be able to act more independently. Tony was never sent to school as a child, because his mother considered him too sickly, although it seems that this may have only been in her imagination. He passes his time by drinking with lower-class men from the area, making up humorous songs, and playing pranks on his family members, especially his stepfather Hardcastle, who disapproves of Tony’s behavior. Tony wants to marry a rustic woman from the area, Bet Bouncer, but his mother hopes to convince him to marry his cousin, Constance—which would keep Constance’s fortune in the family. Even though Tony is less cultivated than the other characters, he has great stores of natural intelligence. Although his jokes are sometimes crude, he also uses pranks as an equalizer, to prove those who think they are better than him wrong.

Tony Lumpkin, Esquire Quotes in She Stoops to Conquer

The She Stoops to Conquer quotes below are all either spoken by Tony Lumpkin, Esquire or refer to Tony Lumpkin, Esquire. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Mistakes and Deceptions Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Dover Thrift Editions edition of She Stoops to Conquer published in 1991.
Act 1 Quotes

LANDLORD. There be two gentlemen in a post-chaise at the door. They have lost their way upo' the forest; and they are talking something about Mr. Hardcastle.

TONY. As sure as can be, one of them must be the gentleman that's coming down to court my sister. Do they seem to be Londoners?

LANDLORD. I believe they may. They look woundily like Frenchmen.

TONY. Then desire them to step this way, and I'll set them right in a twinkling. (Exit Landlord.) Gentlemen, as they mayn't be good enough company for you, step down for a moment, and I'll be with you in the squeezing of a lemon. [Exeunt MOB.]

Related Characters: Tony Lumpkin, Esquire (speaker), Landlord (speaker), Charles Marlow, Hardcastle
Related Symbols: Clothing
Page Number: 7-8
Explanation and Analysis:

TONY. No offence; but question for question is all fair, you know. Pray, gentlemen, is not this same Hardcastle a cross-grained, old-fashioned, whimsical fellow, with an ugly face, a daughter, and a pretty son?

HASTINGS. We have not seen the gentleman; but he has the family you mention.

TONY. The daughter, a tall, trapesing, trolloping, talkative maypole; the son, a pretty, well-bred, agreeable youth, that everybody is fond of.

MARLOW. Our information differs in this. The daughter is said to be well-bred and beautiful; the son an awkward booby, reared up and spoiled at his mother's apron-string.

TONY. He-he-hem!—Then, gentlemen, all I have to tell you is, that you won't reach Mr. Hardcastle's house this night, I believe.

HASTINGS. Unfortunate!

TONY. It's a damn'd long, dark, boggy, dirty, dangerous way. Stingo, tell the gentlemen the way to Mr. Hardcastle's! (Winking upon the Landlord.) Mr. Hardcastle's, of Quagmire Marsh, you understand me.

Related Characters: Charles Marlow (speaker), George Hastings (speaker), Tony Lumpkin, Esquire (speaker), Kate Hardcastle, Hardcastle
Page Number: 8-9
Explanation and Analysis:
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Tony Lumpkin, Esquire Character Timeline in She Stoops to Conquer

The timeline below shows where the character Tony Lumpkin, Esquire appears in She Stoops to Conquer. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Prologue
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...Prologue, which was originally recited by an actor who refused to play the part of Tony. In it, he tells the audience that Goldsmith’s play is meant to rescue comedy, which... (full context)
Act 1
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...that she is fifty-seven. Mrs. Hardcastle argues that she was only twenty when she had Tony, her son from her first husband, who has not yet reached the age of discretion... (full context)
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Hardcastle says that Tony will never have any discretion: she has spoiled her son and he is badly behaved... (full context)
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Tony enters the room on his way out of the house, and his mother asks him... (full context)
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Kate asks Constance whether her mother is still trying to convince her to marry Tony, and Constance says that Mrs. Hardcastle continues to try to force the courtship to work.... (full context)
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...her and eventually she will escape the pressure she faces from her guardian to marry Tony. In the meantime, she pretends that she loves Tony so that Mrs. Hardcastle will not... (full context)
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At the alehouse (called The Three Pigeons), Tony sits at the head of the table and sings a song he made up about... (full context)
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The landlord enters and tells Tony that two gentlemen who are fancily dressed in the latest French fashions have driven up... (full context)
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Tony intercedes in Marlow’s and Hastings’s conversation, asking if they know where they are. When they... (full context)
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Tony pretends to think for a moment, then tells Marlow and Hastings that they are only... (full context)
Act 2
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...was an inn, she laughs, quickly surmising that this was a trick of her cousin Tony’s. Hastings asks if this is the same cousin that her aunt, Mrs. Hardcastle, wants her... (full context)
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Tony and Constance enter, followed by Hastings and Mrs. Hardcastle. Constance flirts with Tony, but he... (full context)
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...that her niece thinks she is old enough to wear jewels. Looking at Constance and Tony, Hastings asks if Tony is Mrs. Hardcastle’s brother. (full context)
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Mrs. Hardcastle points out the way Constance and Tony flirt, telling Hastings that they will be married. She calls to Tony to ask what... (full context)
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Angry at being babied by his mother, Tony says that if he is grown, Mrs. Hardcastle should stop making a fool of him... (full context)
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Tony sings a little song to himself, then tells Hastings not to worry about Mrs. Hardcastle’s... (full context)
Act 3
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Tony enters, holding a box of Constance’s jewels. Hastings enters and asks Tony if he has... (full context)
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Tony sees Mrs. Hardcastle and Constance approaching and tells Hastings to run off. Hastings exits, and... (full context)
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Tony draws his mother aside and tells her that the only way to shut Constance up... (full context)
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Mrs. Hardcastle rushes back in, shouting that the jewels have been stolen. Tony commends his mother’s ability to act upset and promises he will bear witness that the... (full context)
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Kate and her maid, Pimple, enter. Kate has learned about Tony’s prank and laughs with Pimple at Marlow’s mistaking their house for an inn. Pimple tells... (full context)
Act 4
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...has her jewels and has given them to Marlow for safekeeping. He also says that Tony has promised him fresh horses for the trip. Hastings exits, and Constance sets off to... (full context)
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Tony and Constance enter. Tony says it’s a shame that Mrs. Hardcastle has gotten Constance’s jewels... (full context)
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Diggory enters with a message for Tony, but Tony tells Diggory to give it to Mrs. Hardcastle to read aloud. Constance recognizes... (full context)
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...reads the letter and is shocked and furious at its contents. In it, Hastings requests Tony’s help getting well-rested horses so that he and Constance can elope. He also refers to... (full context)
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Left alone, Constance berates Tony for showing his mother the letter. Hastings enters and berates Tony as well. Marlow enters... (full context)
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...even if they must wait three years to marry. Hastings is devastated. Marlow turns to Tony and rebukes him for causing all this strife. Tony, who has been lost in thought,... (full context)
Act 5
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...have been laughing over Marlow’s mistake. Hastings leaves to go wait in the garden for Tony, although he has little confidence that Tony will be able to do anything to help. (full context)
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Hastings is still waiting for Tony in the garden. Hastings doubts that Tony would show up and is overjoyed to see... (full context)
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...the impression that they are lost far from home in a land full of bandits. Tony stokes her fear. When he sees Hardcastle out for a stroll in the garden, he... (full context)
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Hardcastle approaches Tony and asks if he left Mrs. Hardcastle at Aunt Pedigree’s. Tony answers that the women... (full context)
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Realizing that she has been tricked, Mrs. Hardcastle turns angrily on Tony. Tony tells her that everyone says she spoiled him, and this is the result. Mrs.... (full context)
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Mrs. Hardcastle and Tony enter the room. Mrs. Hardcastle says that Constance and Hastings have run off. Sir Charles... (full context)
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Mrs. Hardcastle scoffs at Constance and Tony, but Hardcastle asks Tony whether he in fact refuses to marry his cousin. Tony says... (full context)
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Tony is shocked and happy. He says that he will not marry his cousin, which frees... (full context)
Epilogue 2
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The second Epilogue was written by Joseph Cradock to be spoken by the actor playing Tony. It provides an account of Tony’s life after the main action of the play ends.... (full context)