Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

by

Jonathan Edwards

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Christ (“the Mediator”) Character Analysis

While Edwards believed that God was angry and vindictive and had no responsibility (or propensity) to provide mercy and salvation, he believed that Christ was mankind’s only hope. This is due to the covenant of grace, which is the interpretation of the Bible that eternal life is promised to those who have faith in Christ. Edwards refers to Christ as “the Mediator,” because it is Christ who mediates between God and mankind, intervening against God’s wrath to save from damnation those who have faith in Christ and who ask him for mercy. Therefore, Christ is the only redeeming figure in Edwards’ frightening sermon; in fact, the sermon is so frightening because Edwards is using all the rhetoric at his disposal to convince the congregation that they must have faith in Christ, or else they will suffer unimaginable consequences.

Christ (“the Mediator”) Quotes in Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

The Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God quotes below are all either spoken by Christ (“the Mediator”) or refer to Christ (“the Mediator”). For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Dover Publications edition of Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God published in 2013.
Part 1 Quotes

God has laid himself under no obligation, by any promise to keep any natural man out of hell one moment. God certainly has made no promises either of eternal life, or of any deliverance or preservation from eternal death, but what are contained in the covenant of grace, the promises that are given in Christ, in whom all the promises are Yea and Amen.

Related Characters: Jonathan Edwards (speaker), God, Christ (“the Mediator”)
Page Number: 175-176
Explanation and Analysis:
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Christ (“the Mediator”) Character Timeline in Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

The timeline below shows where the character Christ (“the Mediator”) appears in Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Part 1
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
Language and Metaphor Theme Icon
9. Any effort to escape hell while still rejecting Christ is worthless. However, almost all people who hear of hell delude themselves into thinking that... (full context)
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
Theology and the Human Condition  Theme Icon
10. God has no obligation to keep man out of hell. It is Christ that offered the covenant of grace, but those without interest in Christ should not expect... (full context)
Part 2. Application
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
For every person in the congregation that is “unconverted” (not with Christ), “there is nothing between you and Hell” except the hand of God. Wickedness makes these... (full context)
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
...a person is “in the hands of an angry God” until they are awakened to Christ. Whether or not the audience is convinced of this, Edwards tells them that they will... (full context)
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
Language and Metaphor Theme Icon
...break that thread, and they have no recourse since they have not given themselves to Christ. He asks the congregation to consider the following things concerning the danger of God’s wrath. (full context)
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
Language and Metaphor Theme Icon
...remarkable opportunity to be saved, one that those in hell would envy. By coming to Christ for mercy, the congregation can join the saved in a “happy state, with their hearts... (full context)
Power and Precariousness Theme Icon
Wrath, Mercy, and Grace Theme Icon
Theology and the Human Condition  Theme Icon
Emphasizing the importance of this opportunity to come to Christ, Edwards suggests that denying Christ today will result in a hardening of the heart that... (full context)