So Long a Letter


Mariama Bâ

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Aunty Nabou’s Journey

Aunty Nabou’s journey to her ancestral village of Diakhao symbolizes and enacts a kind of passage through time—particularly a passage backwards in time. As Nabou moves further inland, further from cosmopolitan Dakar, she immerses…

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The Motorcycle

The motorcycle that knocks down Ramatoulaye’s sons Malick and Alioune is a physical manifestation of modernity. Just as the motorcycle comes crashing into the boys at play, the forces of modernity—globalization, imported vices, Western…

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