Jason Reynolds and Ibram X. Kendi

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George W. Bush was the 43rd president of the United States, from 2001 to 2009. He was elected with a minority of the popular vote, which Reynolds and Kendi partially credit to racist voting restrictions in Florida. They argue that Bush promoted “anti-Islamic and anti-Arab sentiments” after the September 11 attacks and diminished resources in Black-majority neighborhoods by defunding poorly-performing schools.
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George W. Bush Character Timeline in Stamped

The timeline below shows where the character George W. Bush appears in Stamped. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 27: A Bill Too Many
Racism vs. Antiracism Theme Icon
History and the Present Theme Icon
How Racist Ideas Spread Theme Icon common all over the U.S., but in the 2000 presidential election, both George W. Bush and Al Gore ignored it. In fact, racism helped decide the election: a Florida voting... (full context)
Racism vs. Antiracism Theme Icon
Power, Profit, and Privilege Theme Icon
...the 9/11 attacks with a new kind of racism against Arab and Islamic “evil-doers.” When Bush cut school funding for lagging schools that largely served Black students, Black assimilationists like Bill... (full context)