The Boy in the Striped Pajamas


John Boyne

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Striped Pajamas can help.

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Symbols

The Fury

“The Fury” is Bruno’s mispronunciation of “the Führer,” a word that means “leader” in German, but has now become forever linked to the rule of Adolf Hitler. Hitler was the leader of the Nazi…

read analysis of The Fury


“Out-With” is Bruno’s mispronunciation for Auschwitz, the area in Poland where Father moves the family after Hitler “promotes” him to Commandant of the concentration camp. At first, both Bruno and Gretel mispronounce the Polish…

read analysis of Out-With

Striped Pajamas

Bruno notices immediately that everyone behind the fence at Auschwitz is wearing what he sees as “striped pajamas.” Shmuel must wear them all the time, and they are what Bruno uses as a disguise when…

read analysis of Striped Pajamas

The Fence

The fence around the concentration camp is used to keep the prisoners in, and everyone else out and away from seeing the horrors that happen inside. Like the striped pajamas, however, it is of…

read analysis of The Fence