The Fire Next Time

Reflecting Baldwin’s gift for holding two seemingly-contradictory ideas in his mind at once, the church in The Fire Next Time simultaneously represents oppressive authority and hope and community. Baldwin, whose abusive father was a…

(read full symbol analysis)

When Baldwin discusses “the nation,” he is often literally referring to the United States of America, but, over the course of the book, the term “nation” comes to take on a deeper significance: Baldwin uses…

(read full symbol analysis)