The Gardener


Rudyard Kipling

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The Gardener

The titular gardener functions as a symbol of Christ, as well as the Christian message of redemption. Helen Turrell meets the gardener in a war cemetery, where she has come to visit the grave of…

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The Shell

In “The Gardener,” Kipling uses the image of a shell projectile as a symbol of the manufactured etiquette that dominates British society, even during the traumatic events of World War I. At one point in…

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