Though Sisyphus doesn’t make an appearance until the concluding chapter, he is a central character to the book and, of course, named in the title. He is a Greek mortal, known for his trickery and… read analysis of Sisyphus
Camus is the author of The Myth of Sisyphus and most of the book is written directly from his perspective as an address to his reader. The book sets out his theory of the Absurd… read analysis of Albert Camus
Don Juan is Albert Camus’ first example of an “absurd man” (found in the chapter of the same name), by which he means someone who successfully lives with the absurd in full view (though any… read analysis of Don Juan
Albert Camus holds up the actor-figure as another example of an “absurd man.” In essence, Camus is talking about stage actors rather than film. He sees the actor as an “absurd figure” because he acts… read analysis of The Actor
Kirilov is a character that Camus discusses in the ‘Absurd Creation’ chapter. He comes from Fyodor Dostoevsky’s book The Possessed (also translated as Demons or The Devils). Camus praises Dostoevksy for the character, who seems… read analysis of Kirilov
Dostoevsky is a 19th Century Russian novelist, frequently cited as one of the greatest writers ever to have existed. Camus praises his ability to bring the absurd to life (in his novels) and show how… read analysis of Fyodor Dostoevsky
Kierkegaard is a 19th century Danish philosopher and generally considered to be the father of the loose philosophical movement of existentialism. Camus praises him for having accurately described the absurd, but criticizes his “leap of… read analysis of Soren Kierkegaard
Chestov (Shestov) is a 19th/20th century a Russian existentialist philosopher.
Jaspers is a 19th/20th century Swiss-German philosopher who is loosely considered to be an existentialist (though he rejected the term himself).
Husserl is a 19th/20th century German philosopher who founded the school of phenomenology, which is the study/philosophy of human experience and structures of consciousness in relation to the world and its objects and sensations.
Pluto is the Latinized name of the classical god Hades and is the ruler of the underworld. Sisyphus angers him, most likely for putting Death in chains.
Mercury is a Roman god, tasked by Pluto to retrieve Sisyphus from the earth and bring him back to the underworld.
A German philosopher who is generally considered to be one of the most important 20th century philosophers.