The protagonist of the novella, Santiago is an elderly widowed Cuban fisherman whose "luck" seems to have run out—he hasn't caught anything in 84 days. Santiago is humble in his dealings with others, yet takes… read analysis of Santiago
An adolescent Cuban boy who has fished with Santiago since he was a child, Manolin is Santiago's devoted apprentice. He cares for Santiago in his old age, and encourages him in his fishing even though… read analysis of Manolin
Another fisherman in Santiago's village, Pedrico makes fish traps. Santiago gives him the marlin's head at the end of the novella in gratitude for supplying him with newspapers that report the baseball scores.
The owner of the seaside café, the Terrace, where Santiago and other fisherman eat. Martin provides Santiago with meals during his unlucky streak.