The successor of Charles VIII of France, Louis XII continued the Italian campaigns pursued by his predecessor, conquering Milan in 1500 and Naples in 1501. Machiavelli criticizes Louis' early decision to ally himself with Alexander VI, which weakened Louis. Machiavelli argues that Louis, "Having made this first mistake . . . was forced into others."
The timeline below shows where the character Louis XII appears in The Prince. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
...effort to maintain this reputation," opting for miserliness in order to finance the Church's wars. Louis XII , the king of France, has also used his parsimony to finance foreign campaigns without... (full context)