The Ramayana

Bharatha Character Analysis

Bharatha is the son of Dasaratha and Kaikeyi. Like his brothers, Bharatha is a skilled warrior and exceptionally thoughtful. He is extremely angry when he hears that Kaikeyi forced Dasaratha to name him as the next emperor of Kosala instead of Rama. Bharatha attempts to bring Rama back from exile through a philosophical debate, but Rama insists that Bharatha follow their father's wishes and rule until Rama returns from exile. Bharatha agrees, but rather than rule as an emperor, he places Rama's sandals on the throne and rules as a regent from a settlement outside the capital city. When Rama returns from exile, Bharatha gladly transfers power to his brother.

Bharatha Quotes in The Ramayana

The The Ramayana quotes below are all either spoken by Bharatha or refer to Bharatha. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Heroism Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Penguin Books edition of The Ramayana published in 2006.
3. Two Promises Revived Quotes

"My father's name is renowned for the steadfastness of his words. Would you rather that he spoke false? ... I am thrice blessed, to make my brother the King, to carry out my father's command, and to live in the forests. Do not let your heart grieve."

Related Characters: Rama (speaker), Dasaratha, Bharatha, Kaikeyi, Kausalya
Page Number: 46
Explanation and Analysis:
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"I'll be the fate to overpower fate itself," said Lakshmana, with martial arrogance. Rama argued with him further. "I'll change and alter fate itself, if necessary..."

Related Characters: Lakshmana (speaker), Rama, Dasaratha, Bharatha, Kaikeyi
Page Number: 52
Explanation and Analysis:
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"Oh, impossible thought—did he commit a wrong? But if Rama committed a seemingly wrong act, it would still be something to benefit humanity, like a mother forcibly administering a medicine to her child."

Related Characters: Bharatha (speaker), Rama, Kaikeyi
Page Number: 57
Explanation and Analysis:
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6. Vali Quotes

"We should not become too analytical about a friend, nor look too deeply into original causes; but accept only what appears good to us in the first instance, and act on it."

Related Characters: Rama (speaker), Lakshmana, Sugreeva, Vali, Bharatha
Page Number: 99
Explanation and Analysis:
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Bharatha Character Timeline in The Ramayana

The timeline below shows where the character Bharatha appears in The Ramayana. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Prologue
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Duty, Honor, and Loyalty Theme Icon
...then have children. Within the year, Kausalya gives birth to Rama, Kaikeyi gives birth to Bharatha, and Sumithra bears the twins Lakshmana and Sathrugna. Dasaratha dotes on his sons and makes... (full context)
3. Two Promises Revived
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Duty, Honor, and Loyalty Theme Icon
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Storytelling, Teaching, and Morality Theme Icon
...assembly hall. Dasaratha mentions a few people to be omitted from this summons, including Janaka, Bharatha, and Bharatha's maternal grandfather. When everyone is assembled, Dasaratha speaks about his advancing age and... (full context)
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...be crowned immediately. Rama listens politely, and Dasaratha says that Rama should be crowned while Bharatha is away at his grandfather's palace. Dasaratha fears that Bharatha will question why he's not... (full context)
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The narrator says that Dasaratha's fear was valid. Kooni, a hunchbacked companion of Bharatha's mother, Kaikeyi, is perturbed at the fact that Rama is going to be crowned. She... (full context)
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...will be a kind king. Kooni, however, says that Rama will surely try to behead Bharatha, and will make Kaikeyi a handmaid to his own mother. This sends Kaikeyi into a... (full context)
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...dread. Kaikeyi asks Dasaratha to banish Rama to the forest for 14 years and crown Bharatha king instead. (full context)
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...The priest demands a full explanation, and Kaikeyi explains that Rama surrendered the throne to Bharatha and will live in the forest for 14 years, but that the king and Kausalya... (full context)
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...crossed the river, and when he hears this Dasaratha dies instantly. Dasaratha's officials send for Bharatha to return to Ayodhya immediately. When Bharatha reaches the city, he notices that the streets... (full context)
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Bharatha goes to Kausalya and cries, convincing Kausalya that he had nothing to do with Kaikeyi's... (full context)
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After five days, officials ask Bharatha to become king. Bharatha refuses and sets out with an army to find Rama. They... (full context)
14. The Coronation
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...he needs nothing, but at Dasaratha's urging, asks his father to forgive and recant disowning Bharatha and Kaikeyi. (full context)
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Dasaratha insists that Bharatha has already been forgiven, but says he can't forgive Kaikeyi. Rama lists all the reasons... (full context)
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Storytelling, Teaching, and Morality Theme Icon
...his 14-year exile. They tell him that if he doesn't return to Ayodhya at once, Bharatha might hurt himself. Rama asks Vibishana for help, and Vibishana summons a magical vehicle. All... (full context)
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Outside Ayodhya, Bharatha had been counting the days until Rama's return. He thinks that Rama isn't going to... (full context)