Lavoisier was an 18th-century French chemist. Toward the end of the 1700s, scientists across Europe were trying to understand combustion (how fire worked). Lavoisier, a prominent French philosopher and court administrator, had initially subscribed to the phlogiston theory, which dictated that there were special fiery substances (“phlogistons”) in the air. As he conducted more and more experiments, however, Lavoisier began to believe that combustion was less about fiery substances and more about the way different chemical compounds interacted with one another. Ultimately, Lavoisier’s experiments led him to discover oxygen as a unique compound and to develop a new understanding of chemical reactivity.
Antoine Lavoisier Character Timeline in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
The timeline below shows where the character Antoine Lavoisier appears in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1. Introduction: A Role for History
...Several of the most well-known revolutions are associated with scientists Nicolaus Copernicus, Isaac Newton, Antoine Lavoisier, and Albert Einstein. However, Kuhn believes that many less famous scientific revolutions are equally important. (full context)
Chapter 6. Anomaly and the Emergence of Scientific Discovery
Chapter 7. Crisis and the Emergence of Scientific Theories
Chapter 9. The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions
...electricity, it helped scientists think through conduction as a built-in property. In chemistry, it allowed Lavoisier to build experiments based on the innate attractions of various chemical particles. (full context)
Chapter 12. The Resolution of Revolutions
...turns his attention to scientists who have truly discovered something new (like Copernicus, Galileo, and Lavoisier). How did these men persuade their colleagues and ensure that their paradigms were the successful... (full context)