Hiram is the main character and narrator of the novel. Born into slavery on Lockless plantation, Hiram is the son of Rose, an enslaved woman, and Howell Walker, his mother’s enslaver, and thus… read analysis of Hiram Walker
Sophia is a young woman enslaved by Nathaniel Walker at Lockless. Nathaniel regularly rapes her and eventually fathers her baby, Caroline. Sophia was born and raised in Carolina, where she was in a… read analysis of Sophia
Thena is an old woman who lives at Lockless and has a reputation for being the meanest person on the Street (the area of the plantation where the enslaved people live). After Hiram goes to… read analysis of Thena
Rose was Hiram’s mother and the daughter of Santi Bess. She was beautiful, and all the men at Lockless were in love with her. She and her sister, Emma, would water dance… read analysis of Rose
Howell is Hiram’s father and also his enslaver. During the main section of the narrative he is already quite old (around 70) and dies at the end of the novel. Howell’s marriage produced one… read analysis of Howell Walker
Maynard is Hiram’s half-brother and Howell’s only “legitimate” child, making him the heir to Lockless. As a teenager, Maynard is childlike, helpless, and foolish, and he remains so after becoming an adult… read analysis of Maynard Walker
Mr. Fields/Micajah Bland
Micajah Bland, who is first introduced via his fake identity as Mr. Fields, is a white Underground agent who infiltrates Lockless by working as Maynard’s tutor. Once Mr. Fields witnesses Hiram’s intelligence and… read analysis of Mr. Fields/Micajah Bland
Harriet, who for much of the novel is known by her nickname, Moses, is based on the real figure of Harriet Tubman. A legendary, fearless agent of the Underground Railroad, Harriet is deeply respected by… read analysis of Moses/Harriet Tubman
Raymond White is an Underground agent who lives in Philadelphia. Born into slavery, both his parents escaped the plantation and ended up reuniting in Philadelphia. Raymond was separated from his brother, Otha, as a… read analysis of Raymond White
Otha is Raymond’s brother; like Raymond, he was born into slavery. When Otha was a child, his mother, Viola, fled with both him and his brother, Lambert. However, her first escape attempt… read analysis of Otha White
Santi Bess was Hiram’s grandmother and Rose’s mother. She was a “pure-blood African” who possessed the ability of Conduction. According to legend, she led 48 enslaved people to freedom from Lockless through… read analysis of Santi Bess
Georgie Parks is a widely-respected free black man who lives near Lockless in Freetown. Formerly enslaved, he bought his freedom and married a woman named Amber, with whom he has one baby son. Hiram… read analysis of Georgie Parks
Emma was Rose’s sister and Hiram’s aunt. She and Rose would water dance together. When tobacco prices started falling, Emma was one of the first enslaved people sold South from Lockless.
Nathaniel Walker is Howell’s brother. He is Sophia’s enslaver and regularly rapes her, although he cannot bring himself to have her live on his property and thus makes her live at Lockless and travel to his property on weekends. He is the biological father of Caroline.
Boss Harlan is the white overseer at Lockless.
Thena and Big John’s daughter. Kessiah, along with her siblings, was separated from Thena and sold as a child. However, after a reunion facilitated by Hiram, Kessiah is able to live freely with Thena in Philadelphia.
Big John was Thena’s husband and Kessiah’s father. He died of a fever.
Roscoe is Howell’s butler. He dies while Hiram is living in Philadelphia.
Ella is the head cook at Lockless until she is sold.
Pete is an enslaved man at Lockless until he is sold.
Alice Caulley is a cruel, vulgar white woman who is friends with Howell and comes to Lockless for a party he hosts.
Amber is Georgie’s wife.
Mercury was Sophia’s former partner back in Carolina.
Hawkins is a black Underground agent who poses as Corrine’s servant.
Amy is Hawkins’s sister. She is also an Underground agent.
Helen was Nathaniel’s wife. She and Sophia were best friends in childhood; when they grew up, Sophia worked as Helen’s maid. Sophia says she loved Helen deeply, and the fact that Helen died in childbirth fills her with guilt and sorrow.
Ryland is a slavecatcher in Elm County who oversees Ryland’s Jail in Elm County, where runaway slaves are imprisoned. Other slavecatchers are referred to as “Ryland’s Hounds” within the novel.
While in Ryland’s Jail, Hiram shares a cell with unnamed old man who is beaten and humiliated by the guards. He dies, seemingly from the abuse inflicted upon him.
Parnel Johns is an enslaved man who is the first person Hiram liberates while working for the Underground.
Lucy is Parnel Johns’s lover, although he pretends that she is his daughter. She escapes with Johns when he is liberated by the Underground.
Mars is a baker in Philadelphia who is extremely friendly, kind, and generous to Hiram.
Hannah is Mars’s wife.
Mary Bronson is an enslaved woman whom Hiram and the White brothers help liberate in Philadelphia.
Octavius is Mary Bronson’s young son.
Viola is Raymond and Otha’s mother.
Lambert was Raymond and Otha’s brother. He died before being able to escape slavery and was thus never reunited with the free members of his family.
Lydia is Otha’s wife. She and their two children are enslaved in Alabama. She is rescued by Bland, only to be caught and re-enslaved. The reader never learns her final fate, although Otha remains determined to free her at all costs.
Laura is Bland’s sister. She lives in Philadelphia.
McKiernan is the enslaver of Lydia and her children.
Simpson is a member of Philadelphia high society who secretly does business with enslavers.
Chalmers is Elon Simpson’s servant.
Abe was a rebellious young enslaved boy whom Harriet knew as a child. She credits him with inspiring her to fight for freedom.
Ben is Harriet’s brother.
Henry is Harriet’s brother.
Jane is Henry’s wife, and Harriet’s sister-in-law.
Robert is Harriet’s brother, and Mary’s partner.
Mary is Robert’s partner.
Ma Rit is Harriet’s mother.
Pop Ross is Harriet’s father.
John Tubman is Harriet’s husband.
Caroline is Sophia’s baby daughter. She is the biological daughter of Nathaniel (making her Hiram’s cousin), but Hiram assumes the role of her father.