Train to Pakistan

by

Khushwant Singh

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Juggut Singh / Jugga Character Analysis

Juggut is a Sikh peasant who is jailed on the false charge of committing the dacoity, or robbery, of Lala Ram Lal. Described as six-foot-four and broad “like a stud bull,” Juggut was once a member of Malli’s gang—the true culprits of the crime against Lala Ram Lal—and is burdened by both his own criminal past and the notorious reputation of his father, the robber Alam Singh. Juggut’s girlfriend, Nooran, whom he impregnates on the evening of the robbery, is the daughter of the Muslim weaver Imam Baksh. While in jail Juggut shares a cell with Iqbal Singh, whose education and experiences in Britain Juggut regards with admiration. At the end of the novel, the author implies that Juggut is the “big man” who rescues a group of refugees from being killed on a train going to Pakistan.

Juggut Singh / Jugga Quotes in Train to Pakistan

The Train to Pakistan quotes below are all either spoken by Juggut Singh / Jugga or refer to Juggut Singh / Jugga. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Grove Press edition of Train to Pakistan published in 1956.
1. Dacoity Quotes

“Yes, the Englishmen have gone but the rich Indians have taken their place. What have you or your fellow villagers got out of independence? More bread or more clothes? You are in the same handcuffs and fetters which the English put on you. We have to get together and rise. We have nothing to lose but these chains.” Iqbal emphasized the last sentence by raising his hands up to his face and jerking them as if the movement would break the handcuffs.

Page Number: 60
Explanation and Analysis:
2. Kalyug Quotes

“Toba, toba! Kill my own village banian? Babuji, who kills a hen which lays eggs? Besides, Ram Lal gave me money to pay lawyers when my father was in jail. I would not act like a bastard.”

“I suppose they will let you off now.”

“The police are the kings of the country. They will let me off when they feel like it. If they want to keep me in, they will trump up a case of keeping a spear without a license or going out of the village without permission—or just anything.”

Related Characters: Juggut Singh / Jugga (speaker), Iqbal Singh (speaker), Alam Singh, Lala Ram Lal, Malli
Page Number: 106
Explanation and Analysis:

It was not possible to keep Indians off the subject of sex for long. It obsessed their minds. It came out in their art, literature, and religion … One read it in the advertisements of quacks who proclaimed to possess remedies for barrenness and medicines to induce wombs to yield male children. One heard about it all the time … Conversation on any topic—politics, philosophy, sport—soon came down to sex, which everyone enjoyed with a lot of giggling and hand-slapping.

Page Number: 107
Explanation and Analysis:

“The mem-sahibs are like houris from paradise—white and soft, like silk. All we have here are black buffaloes.”

Related Characters: Juggut Singh / Jugga (speaker), Iqbal Singh, Lala Ram Lal, Malli
Page Number: 107
Explanation and Analysis:

“Sir, the Babu’s name is Iqbal Singh. He is a Sikh. He has been living in England and had his long hair cut.” The subinspector fixed the head constable with a stare and smiled. “There are many Iqbals. I am talking of a Mohammed Iqbal, you are thinking of Iqbal Singh. Mohammed Iqbal can be a member of the Muslim League.” “I understand, sir,” repeated the head constable, but he had not really understood. He hoped he would catch up with the scheme in due course. “Your orders will be carried out.”

Page Number: 113
Explanation and Analysis:
4. Karma Quotes

Iqbal realized that it was the company of Jugga and the constable, who were known Sikhs, that really saved him from being stopped and questioned. He wished he could get out of this place where he had to prove his Sikhism to save his life … He cursed his luck for having a name like Iqbal, and then for being a… Where on earth except in India would a man’s life depend on whether or not his foreskin had been removed? It would be laughable if it were not tragic … If only he could get out to Delhi and to civilization! He would report on his arrest; the party paper would frontpage the news with his photograph: ANGLO-AMERICAN CAPitalIST CONSPIRACY TO CREATE CHAOS (lovely alliteration). COMRADE IQBAL IMPRISONED ON BORDER. It would all go to make him a hero.

Related Symbols: Bangles
Page Number: 164
Explanation and Analysis:

The leader raised his rifle to his shoulder and fired. He hit his mark and one of the man’s legs came off the rope and dangled in the air. The other was still twined round the rope. He slashed away in frantic haste. The engine was only a few yards off … Somebody fired another shot. The man’s body slid off the rope, but he clung to it with his hands and chin. He pulled himself up, caught the rope under his left armpit, and again started hacking with his right hand. The rope had been cut in shreds. Only a thin tough strand remained. He went at it with the knife, and then with his teeth. The engine was almost on him. There was a volley of shots. The man shivered and collapsed. The rope snapped in the center as he fell. The train went over him, and went on to Pakistan.

Related Symbols: Railway Bridge
Page Number: 181
Explanation and Analysis:
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Juggut Singh / Jugga Character Timeline in Train to Pakistan

The timeline below shows where the character Juggut Singh / Jugga appears in Train to Pakistan. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
1. Dacoity
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
...of them have spears. The leader asks the spearman if he has the bangles for Juggut Singh. Another suggests that Juggut could give the bangles to “that weaver’s daughter,” Nooran. They... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
The goods train arrives, interrupting their laughter about Juggut (also called “Jugga”) Singh’s lust for Nooran and telling them that it is time to... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
...at a “small hut on the edge of the village.” It is the home of Juggut Singh. They remember to give their “gift” of the bangles, which they toss over the... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
For both Juggut Singh and the dacoits the sound of the goods train’s arrival is a signal. Jugga... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
...cause her father, Imam Baksh, to worry and wonder where she is, so she tells Juggut that she must go home.  He tells her that the sounds of gunshots were only... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Juggut and Nooran see five men walking in the dark with spears and guns. Nooran asks... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
...the railway bridge. He then asks if there are any “bad characters.” The subinspector mentions Juggut and tells the story of Juggut’s father, Alam Singh’s, hanging two years ago. However, he... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...off, Meet Singh enters excitedly. The priest has learned that the police have sent for Juggut to be arrested for the dacoity. Meet Singh is outraged that Juggut, who had run... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...morals puzzling. He finds it strange that Meet Singh, a priest, is not bothered that Juggut committed a murder, but that he killed a fellow villager. Iqbal is already weary of... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
At the same time that Iqbal is arrested, ten men are sent to arrest Juggut. Armed policemen surround his house and six of them rush into his courtyard with revolvers.... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Juggut walks out of the house and past the villagers. He has a jauntiness in his... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...the arrest, the men stare dumbly and the women ask each other who he is. Juggut, on the other hand, does not mind being arrested and has spent a lot of... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
When the police bring Juggut and Iqbal to the subinspector, the subinspector recognizes Iqbal from the train station the day... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...is expected to come in regarding Lala Ram Lal’s murderers. He orders them to beat Juggut to get the names of the other dacoits, though the subinspector thinks that he can... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...First, they go to the reporting room. Then, the men are taken to their cells. Juggut’s arrival provokes hilarity and someone jokes that he is in the station so often that... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...the country. Iqbal eats his midday meal and lies down on his charpoy. He hears Juggut sleeping, but Iqbal cannot sleep; he reads the news and wonders if his time in... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
The subinspector then leaves abruptly and goes to Juggut’s cell. He asks where Jugga was on the night of the dacoity. Jugga insists that... (full context)
2. Kalyug
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...the subinspector what he is doing about Lala Ram Lal’s murder. The subinspector says that Juggut Singh gave him the names of the culprits—former members of his old gang. He confirms... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
The subinspector suggests that they release Juggut and Iqbal after capturing Malli and the other robbers. Hukum Chand asks if Malli and... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...is left alone in his cell for a week. Iqbal does not see much of Juggut, who was removed from his cell after the first two evenings but brought back after... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
One morning, five men enter the station in handcuffs. As soon as Juggut sees them, he becomes furious. Iqbal overhears part of the conversation about the men, which... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Juggut takes Iqbal’s feet and starts to massage them with his large hands. He asks Iqbal... (full context)
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Iqbal understands the meaning of Juggut’s mischievous metaphor. He does not want to know more, but Jugga asks him if he... (full context)
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Juggut changes the conversation back to Iqbal teaching him English. Iqbal says that, since the sahibs... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...about Malli’s arrest. The head constable has experience, but the foolish arrests of Iqbal and Juggut make the subinspector less confident in the constable’s abilities to handle situations that are not... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...A constable brings him a cup of tea and the subinspector asks if Malli and Juggut have been placed in the same cell. The constable exclaims that, if they had done... (full context)
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Malli is frightened of Juggut—the most violent man in the district. However, Malli is also the leader of his own... (full context)
3. Mano Majra
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...the police station twice a week. The villagers watch the police uncuff them, knowing that Juggut Singh and Iqbal Singh (“the stranger”) did not commit the dacoity. They also think that,... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...that Malli has been arrested for the dacoity and explains how Malli plotted to frame Juggut. The priest also questions the head constable’s distracting mention of Sultana. Another youth acknowledges that... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
...they will be thrown out. He leaves her sitting in her bed. She thinks about Juggut and hopes that he has been released because she knows that Malli was released. The... (full context)
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Nooran shakes the door of Juggut’s house, but there is no response. Because the door is bolted from the outside, she... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Nooran cries and says that she and her father are leaving tomorrow. Juggut’s mother does not care and asks why Nooran is in her home. Nooran says that... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Juggut’s mother commands Nooran to stop crying and asks why she did not think about the... (full context)
4. Karma
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
...has left. Chand then asks about Nooran. The subinspector mentions that she is pregnant with Juggut Singh’s child. Chand then remembers that Iqbal was said to be a political agitator of... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Postcolonial Anxiety and National Identity Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Back at the station, the subinspector looks at Juggut and Iqbal and tells them that they will find that Mano Majra has changed. Neither... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
The mention of Malli’s name riles Juggut’s temper. The subinspector smiles. He says that Malli and his men are armed and that... (full context)
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
Gender and Masculinity Theme Icon
Juggut thinks of Nooran. He no longer cares about Malli. He assumed that Nooran would remain... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...the mattress and figures that this is why the police released Malli. He guesses that Juggut will also join the mob. Iqbal asks if Meet Singh can stop it, for people... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...bangs at the door. The priest asks who it is. He undoes the latch and Juggut steps inside. He asks Meet Singh to read him a verse. Meet Singh finds this... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
As Juggut gets up to leave, he recognizes one of the sleeping heads on the pillow as... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Power and Corruption Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
...gave him that morning. He feels anxious and foolish. He thinks about his release of Juggut and Iqbal and what it will mean for the train plot. He figures that Iqbal... (full context)
The Partition of India and Religious Warfare Theme Icon
Honor and Heroism  Theme Icon
A big man (implied to be Juggut) climbs the steel span of the railway bridge. The others think that he is testing... (full context)