"Crusoe in England" appears in Geography III (1976), the final collection Elizabeth Bishop published during her lifetime. The poem is a dramatic monologue voiced by Robinson Crusoe, literature's most famous castaway (the hero of Daniel Defoe's 1719 novel Robinson Crusoe), long after he escapes his desert island and returns home to England. Though Crusoe is inventive and resourceful on the island, he recalls being bored and lonely there—until the arrival of the young man named Friday, with whom he forged a romantic bond. Now, years after Friday's untimely death, he is lonely in a different way altogether. The longest poem of Bishop's career, "Crusoe in England" is often read as an indirect reflection on her life and art as well as a meditation on solitude, love, and grief.