“Song” was written by the English Renaissance poet Lady Mary Wroth, one of the first female English poets to publish a complete sonnet sequence. Wroth broke gender barriers by writing love poetry as well as original fiction—genres that, at the time, were traditionally reserved for men. Like much other poetry of the Jacobean period, “Song” examines the difficulties and pains of love. Yet it also goes a step further and critiques male cruelty towards women, implying that women are better off avoiding relationships with men altogether. The poem was first published in 1621 as one of the non-sonnet "songs" interspersed throughout Wroth’s sonnet sequence Pamphilia to Amphilanthus.