A line-by-line translation

Henry IV, Part 1

Henry IV, Part 1 Translation Act 1, Scene 2

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Enter HENRY, PRINCE of Wales, and Sir John FALSTAFF

FALSTAFF

Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad?

FALSTAFF

Now, Hal, what time is it, boy?

PRINCE HENRY

Thou art so fat-witted with drinking of old sack, and unbuttoning thee after supper, and sleeping upon benchesafter noon, that thou hast forgotten to demand that truly which thou wouldst truly know. What a devil hast thou to do with the time of the day? Unless hours were cups of sack, and minutes capons, and clocks the tonguesof bawds, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and the blessed sun himself a fair hot wench in flame-colored taffeta, I see no reason why thou shouldstbe so superfluous to demand the time of the day.

PRINCE HENRY

You are so stupid, what with all the wine you drink—and how you unbutton your pants after dinner and pass out on benches until after noon. You can't even remember to ask for the thing you actually want to know! Why in the devil's name do you care what time of day it is? Unless hours were cups of wine, minutes were chickens, clocks were the tongues of prostitutes, sundials the signs of whorehouses, and the sun itself a hot woman in a red silk dress, I don't know why on earth you would need to know the time.   

FALSTAFF

Indeed, you come near me now, Hal, f or we that take purses go by the moon and the seven stars, and not by Phoebus, he, that wand'ring knight so fair. And I prithee, sweet wag, when thou art king, as God save thy Grace—Majesty, I should say, for grace thou wilt have none—

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

What, none?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

No, by my troth, not so much as will serve to be prologue to an egg and butter.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Well, how then? Come, roundly, roundly.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art king, let not us that are squires of the night’s body be called thieves of the day’s beauty. Let us be Diana’s foresters, gentlemen of the shade, minions of the moon, and let mensay we be men of good government, being governed, as the sea is, by our noble and chaste mistress the moon, under whose countenance we steal.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Thou sayest well, and it holds well too, for the fortune of us that are the moon’s men doth ebb and flow like the sea, being governed, as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof now: a purse of gold most resolutely snatched on Monday night and most dissolutely spent on Tuesday morning, got with swearing “Lay by” and spent with crying “Bring in”; now in as low an ebb as the footof the ladder, and by and by in as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

By the Lord, thou sayest true, lad. And is not my hostess of the tavern a most sweet wench?

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of the castle. And isnot a buff jerkin a most sweet robe of durance?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

How now, how now, mad wag? What, in thy quips and thy quiddities? What a plague have I to do with a buff jerkin?

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Why, what a pox have I to do with my hostess of the tavern?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Well, thou hast called her to a reckoning many a time and oft.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Did I ever call for thee to pay thy part?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

No, I’ll give thee thy due. Thou hast paid all there.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin would stretch, and where it would not, I have used my credit.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Yea, and so used it that were it not here apparent thatthou art heir apparent— But I prithee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows standing in England when thou art king? And resolution thus fubbed as it is with the rusty curbof old father Antic the law? Do not thou, when thou artking, hang a thief.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

No, thou shalt.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Shall I? O rare! By the Lord, I’ll be a brave judge.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Thou judgest false already: I mean thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so become a rare hangman.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Well, Hal, well, and in some sort it jumps with my humor as well as waiting in the court, I can tell you.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

For obtaining of suits?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Yea, for obtaining of suits, whereof the hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as melancholy as a gib cat or a lugged bear.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Or an old lion, or a lover’s lute.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

What sayest thou to a hare, or the melancholy ofMoorditch?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Thou hast the most unsavory similes, and art indeed themost comparative, rascaliest, sweet young prince. But, Hal, I prithee trouble me no more with vanity. I would to God thou and I knew where a commodity of good names were to be bought. An old lord of the council rated me the other day in the street about you, sir, but I markedhim not, and yet he talked very wisely, but I regarded him not, and yet he talked wisely, and in the street, too.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Thou didst well, for wisdom cries out in the streets and no man regards it.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

O, thou hast damnable iteration, and art indeed able tocorrupt a saint. Thou hast done much harm upon me, Hal,God forgive thee for it. Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing, and now am I, if a man should speak truly,little better than one of the wicked. I must give over this life, and I will give it over. By the Lord, an I donot, I am a villain. I’ll be damned for never a king’s son in Christendom.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Where shall we take a purse tomorrow, Jack?

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Zounds, where thou wilt, lad. I’ll make one. An I do not, call me villain and baffle me.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

I see a good amendment of life in thee, from praying topurse-taking.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Why, Hal, ’tis my vocation, Hal. 'Tis no sin for a man to labor in his vocation.

FALSTAFF

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Enter POINS

Poins!—Now shall we know if Gadshill have set a match. O, if men were to be saved by merit, what hole in hell were hot enough for him? This is the most omnipotent villain that ever cried “Stand!” to a true man.

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PRINCE HENRY

Good morrow, Ned.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Good morrow, sweet Hal.—What says Monsieur Remorse? What says Sir John Sack-and-Sugar? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee about thy soul that thou soldest him on Good Friday last for a cup of Madeira and a cold capon’sleg?

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

Sir John stands to his word. The devil shall have his bargain, for he was never yet a breaker of proverbs. He will give the devil his due.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

[To FALSTAFF] Then art thou damned for keeping thy wordwith the devil.

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

Else he had been damned for cozening the devil.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

But, my lads, my lads, tomorrow morning, by four o'clock, early at Gad’s Hill, there are pilgrims going to Canterbury with rich offerings, and traders riding toLondon with fat purses. I have vizards for you all. Youhave horses for yourselves. Gadshill lies tonight in Rochester. I have bespoke supper tomorrow night in Eastcheap. We may do it as secure as sleep. If you will go, I will stuff your purses full of crowns. If you willnot, tarry at home and be hanged.

POINS

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FALSTAFF

Hear ye, Yedward, if I tarry at home and go not, I’ll hang you for going.

FALSTAFF

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POINS

You will, chops?

POINS

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FALSTAFF

Hal, wilt thou make one?

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Who, I rob? I a thief? not I, by my faith.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

There’s neither honesty, manhood, nor good fellowship in thee, nor thou cam’st not of the blood royal, if thoudarest not stand for ten shillings.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Well then, once in my days I’ll be a madcap.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

Why, that’s well said.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Well, come what will, I’ll tarry at home.

PRINCE HENRY

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FALSTAFF

By the Lord, I’ll be a traitor then when thou art king.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

I care not.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Sir John, I prithee, leave the Prince and me alone. I will lay him down such reasons for this adventure that he shall go.

POINS

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FALSTAFF

Well, God give thee the spirit of persuasion, and him the ears of profiting, that what thou speakest may move,and what he hears may be believed, that the true princemay, for recreation sake, prove a false thief, for the poor abuses of the time want countenance. Farewell. You shall find me in Eastcheap.

FALSTAFF

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PRINCE HENRY

Farewell, thou latter spring. Farewell, All-hallown summer.

PRINCE HENRY

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Exit FALSTAFF

POINS

Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride with us tomorrow. Ihave a jest to execute that I cannot manage alone. Falstaff, Peto, Bardolph, and Gadshill shall rob those men that we have already waylaid. Yourself and I will not be there. And when they have the booty, if you and Ido not rob them, cut this head off from my shoulders.

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

How shall we part with them in setting forth?

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Why, we will set forth before or after them, and appoint them a place of meeting, wherein it is at our pleasure to fail; and then will they adventure upon the exploit themselves, which they shall have no sooner achieved but we’ll set upon them.

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

Yea, but ’tis like that they will know us by our horses, by our habits, and by every other appointment tobe ourselves.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Tut, our horses they shall not see; I’ll tie them in the wood. Our vizards we will change after we leave them. And, sirrah, I have cases of buckram for the nonce, to immask our noted outward garments.

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

Yea, but I doubt they will be too hard for us.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Well, for two of them, I know them to be as true-bred cowards as ever turned back; and for the third, if he fight longer than he sees reason, I’ll forswear arms. The virtue of this jest will be the incomprehensible liesthat this same fat rogue will tell us when we meet at supper: how thirty at least he fought with, what wards, what blows, what extremities he endured; and in the reproof of this lies the jest.

POINS

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PRINCE HENRY

Well, I’ll go with thee. Provide us all things necessary and meet me tomorrow night in Eastcheap. ThereI’ll sup. Farewell.

PRINCE HENRY

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POINS

Farewell, my lord.

POINS

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Exit POINS

PRINCE HENRY

I know you all, and will awhile uphold The unyoked humor of your idleness. Yet herein will I imitate the sun, Who doth permit the base contagious clouds To smother up his beauty from the world, That, when he please again to be himself, Being wanted, he may be more wondered at By breaking through the foul and ugly mists Of vapors that did seem to strangle him. If all the year were playing holidays, To sport would be as tedious as to work, But when they seldom come, they wished for come, And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents. So when this loose behavior I throw off And pay the debt I never promisèd, By how much better than my word I am, By so much shall I falsify men’s hopes; And, like bright metal on a sullen ground, My reformation, glitt'ring o'er my fault, Shall show more goodly and attract more eyes Than that which hath no foil to set it off. I’ll so offend to make offense a skill, Redeeming time when men think least I will.

PRINCE HENRY

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Exit

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Lani strange
About the Translator: Lani Strange

Lani is currently studying for an MA in Shakespeare Studies at King's College London and Shakespeare's Globe. She has a BA in English and Latin Literature from the University of Warwick and worked as a Teacher of Drama for a year in between her undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. She has a love for all things theatrical and spends all of her free time either watching theatre or taking part in it herself.