Richard II Translation Table of Contents
Now you can read Richard II alongside a modern translation that anyone can understand. Use the translation to enrich your understanding of Shakespeare's original and avoid getting bogged down in archaic language.
Act 1, Scene 1
Bolingbroke publicly accuses Mowbray of treason; Mowbray denies the charges. King Richard orders them to fight a duel.
Act 1, Scene 2
The Duchess reveals that her husband was murdered on Richard’s orders. Gaunt is too loyal to the crown to take action.
Act 1, Scene 3
Richard banishes Mowbray for life and Bolingbroke for six years. Gaunt tries to comfort his son.
Act 1, Scene 4
Richards hears that Gaunt is on his deathbed and plans to fund his war in Ireland with Gaunt’s money.
Act 2, Scene 1
After Gaunt dies, Richard disinherits Bolingbroke. He then goes to Ireland, leaving York in charge.
Act 2, Scene 2
The Queen hears that Bolingbroke is in England with an army. York musters troops; Bushy and Green flee to Bristol.
Act 2, Scene 3
Bolingbroke promises that he has only come back to England for his inheritance. Outnumbered, York surrenders.
Act 2, Scene 4
Believing that the king is dead—and frightened by disturbing omens—Richard's Welsh army disperses.
Act 3, Scene 1
Bolingbroke captures Bristol Castle and executes Bushy and Green.
Act 3, Scene 2
Richard learns that the Welsh army is gone, York has surrendered, and all of England is in revolt against him.
Act 3, Scene 3
Bolingbroke arrives at Flint Castle; Richard surrenders and becomes his prisoner.
Act 3, Scene 4
The Queen overhears a gardener telling a servant that Richard is a prisoner and Bolingbroke will soon be king.
Act 4, Scene 1
Richard gives the crown to Bolingbroke and is sent to the Tower. Aumerle and Carlisle plot to restore him to the throne.
Act 5, Scene 1
The Queen meets Richard outside the Tower before she is exiled to France and he is sent to Pomfret Castle.
Act 5, Scene 2
Aumerle reveals his plot to assassinate Bolingbroke. York, Duchess, and Aumerle rush to court to explain themselves.
Act 5, Scene 3
Aumerle arrives to confess the assassination plot; Bolingbroke forgives him at the Duchess's request.
Act 5, Scene 4
Exton thinks that Bolingbroke has asked him to kill Richard, so he sets out for Pomfret.
Act 5, Scene 5
Richard sits alone in his dungeon and is visited by his old groom; Exton attacks and kills him.
Act 5, Scene 6
Exton shows Richard’s body in a coffin; Bolingbroke is horrified and plans a pilgrimage to atone for the murder.