Richard III Translation Table of Contents
Now you can read Richard III alongside a modern translation that anyone can understand. Use the translation to enrich your understanding of Shakespeare's original and avoid getting bogged down in archaic language.
Act 1, Scene 1
The Duke of Clarence has been arrested and meets Richard. Richard plans to turn his brother, the King, against Clarence.
Act 1, Scene 2
Henry VI's corpse is led in a state procession. Richard halts this, and woos Lady Anne, who agrees to marry him.
Act 1, Scene 3
Richard turns the nobles at court against each other, and sends assassins to kill Clarence.
Act 1, Scene 4
The assassins arrive to murder Clarence, although pangs of conscience slow their action.
Act 2, Scene 1
The sick King Edward IV discovers that Clarence has been executed against his orders. Richard passes on the blame.
Act 2, Scene 2
Clarence's children aren't told about his death. Elizabeth announces Edward's death. Richard and Buckingham plot.
Act 2, Scene 3
Citizens discuss the death of the king. They express concern that there may be a war to determine who takes the throne.
Act 2, Scene 4
Queen Elizabeth's supporters have been imprisoned. She, the Duchess of York, and the young princes seek sanctuary.
Act 3, Scene 1
Richard and Buckingham encourage the princes to stay in the Tower of London. The two men then plot to crown Richard.
Act 3, Scene 2
Lord Stanley is worried. Catesby tries to convince Hastings to join Richard's faction, but Hastings refuses.
Act 3, Scene 3
Recounting previous moments in British history, Rivers, Grey, and Vaughan prepare to be executed at Pomfret.
Act 3, Scene 4
Nobles meet to discuss the coronation. Richard accuses Hastings of treason, and has him arrested and condemned to die.
Act 3, Scene 5
Richard convinces the Lord Mayor to vouch for Hastings' death. Richard plans to suggest Edward's children are bastards.
Act 3, Scene 6
A professional scribe reports the official charges leveled at Hastings, noting that they are obviously false.
Act 3, Scene 7
Buckingham describes his meeting with the citizens. Richard pretends to not want kingship, but then accepts it.
Act 4, Scene 1
The Duchess of York and Elizabeth can't visit the princes. Richard's new wife, Anne, is called for her coronation.
Act 4, Scene 2
Richard is formally crowned. He shows displeasure with Buckingham, and sends Tyrrel to kill the princes in the Tower.
Act 4, Scene 3
Tyrrel announces the princes' deaths. Richard plans to woo his niece Elizabeth. A civil war has begun.
Act 4, Scene 4
Queen Margaret, the Duchess of York, and Elizabeth curse Richard. Battle is imminent. Buckingham is captured.
Act 4, Scene 5
Nobles discuss abandoning Richard and joining the rebellion, which is growing quickly.
Act 5, Scene 1
Buckingham is being led to execution and asks to speak with Richard, although the sheriff denies him this favor.
Act 5, Scene 2
Richmond leads the rebellion, and says that nobody has opposed him so far. The rebels prepare to fight.
Act 5, Scene 3
The two armies set up camp. Richard is haunted by his victims' ghosts. The armies continue to prepare for battle.
Act 5, Scene 4
The battle rages. Richard is hunting for Richmond on the battlefield, but has not found him yet.
Act 5, Scene 5
Richmond kills Richard. Richmond takes the crown, announces his engagement, and pardons his foes, thus ending the war.